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俄罗斯中小学教师工资制度改革研究 ——从统一工资制到新教师工资制

【作者】 刘楠

【导师】 肖甦;

【作者基本信息】 北京师范大学, 比较教育学, 2012, 硕士

【副题名】从统一工资制到新教师工资制

【摘要】 教师工资制度是调节教师工资分配的重要手段。教师工资是维持和激励教师生存与发展的经济基础。从个人角度讲,教师工资影响教师工作的积极性;从行业角度讲,教师工资影响教师队伍的稳定与发展;从社会角度讲,教师工资影响教师的社会地位和职业声望。近年,世界范围内存在教师工资绩效化的共同发展趋势,教师工资制度成为各国教育经济学领域研究的热点问题之一。俄罗斯2007年开展了教师工资制度改革,开始从统一工资制向新教师工资制的过渡。本研究在梳理此次改革的原因、内容、实施及效果的基础上,对改革不同于别国的特征进行分析,并以不同的工资理论为视角探析了改革的合理性。本研究的主体内容共分为以下五章:第2章介绍了改革的历史背景和现实原因。苏联教师工资制度改革的特点及遗留问题是俄罗斯教师工资制度改革的基础和起点;改革的必要性在于现行工资制度不符合教育质量现代化的要求;随着经济的发展俄罗斯教育拨款机制的变化为改革提供了可能性。第3章归纳了改革的主要内容。统一工资制以最低工资额、等级和系数为要素,新工资制度以引入激励性工资和囊括课外教学活动为特征,改革的内容是基本工资的确定方式和激励性工资的分配方式。第4章梳理了改革的实施过程。从改革的政策基础、阶段与模式三方面总体勾勒了改革实施的概貌,以诺夫哥罗德州为例描述了改革自上而下的推行过程。第5章总结了改革的效果与问题。在总体呈现改革的初步效果和影响的同时,以加里宁格勒为个案,分析了改革对教师工作的激励效果、对教师流动的影响作用。归纳了改革受到的质疑和存在的问题。第6章探析了改革的合理性和特征。以三种工资理论为基础,对改革的外部合理性、内部合理性和个体合理性进行了分析;以改革的实践为依据,以别国的改革为参照,对俄罗斯教师工资制度改革的特征进行分析。

【Abstract】 Wage system is an important way to adjust payment distribution among teachers. Teachers’salary is the financial foundation to sustain survival and inspire development. Personally, teachers’salary has an influence on their enthusiasm on work; it also affects the stabilization and development of teaching body; and besides, it can even affects teachers’social status and occupational prestige.In recent years, the common development tendency of teachers’salary is meritocratic ideas and it has been a hot issue in pedagogical economics in many countries. In 2007, Russia launched a reform in teachers’ wage system, changed its Unified Wage Scale System to New Wage System. Based on the reason, content, implement and effects, this research will analysis the New Wage System’s characteristics which is different from other countries. Finally, this research explores the rationality of the new system through several wage theory.The content of this research is made up of 5 chapters:Chapter 2 introduces the history background and reality reason of the salary reform in Russia. Problems handed down from the Soviet Union is an important direction of the reform; the current wage system can no longer meet the modern education quality; besides, as economy develops, the change of appropriation makes it possible to reform teachers’wage system.Chapter 3 concludes the content of reform. Unified Wage Scale System’s key elements are minimum salary forehead, rank and coefficient while the new system introduces Incentive wages and extracurricular activities. The content of the reform includes how to ascertain basic and Incentive wages among teachers.Chapter 4 explains the implement process of the reform. Based on the“top to bottom”example of Novgorodskaya oblast, this chapter draws the outline of implement process from the point of policy foundation,process and pattern.Chapter 5 concludes the effects and problems of the reform. Based on the example of Kaliningrad, this chapter analysis the incentive effects on teachers’work and the influence on teacher mobility. Besides, this chapter also concludes some query and problems of the reform. Chapter 6 explores the rationality and characteristics of the reform. Based on 3 wage theory, this chapter analysis the external, interior and individual rationality of the reform; based on the reform practices and consulted other countries’experience, this chapter also analysis the characteristics of the reform of the New Wage System.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 北京师范大学
  • 【分类号】G635.1
  • 【下载频次】624
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