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信息技术与数学课程整合的实践与反思 ——以“超级画板”融入中学数学函数教学为例

【作者】 李亮

【导师】 焦宝聪;

【作者基本信息】 首都师范大学, 现代教育技术, 2017, 硕士

【副题名】以“超级画板”融入中学数学函数教学为例

【摘要】 “超级画板”是由著名数学家、数学教育家、中国科学院张景中院士主持开发的数学教育技术软件。目前正在逐渐成为我国中小学流行的数学教学软件,被列入教育部门的推广软件之中,在教材里就有使用它的例子和习题,只是目前对“超级画板”与课程整合研究和应用方面还处于较低层次。本文借鉴国内外与“超级画板”相关的研究成果,从《国家数学课程标准》(2000年版)公布的新课程标准和教育改革的理念出发,通过开展教学实验,探索“超级画板”在初中数学函数教学中对实现新课程标准的积极作用。研究思路是:在开展教学实验前,通过课例分析,掌握“超级画板”与函数教学,借鉴名师教学经验,探讨“超级画板”在中学数学教学中的有效性。通过对北京市中小学教学中信息技术运用情况进行调查,掌握了大量信息和相关数据;对比黑龙江省方正林业局第一中学的数学教师进行调查访谈,分析“超级画板”的教学应用程度以及教师和学生们相应的态度、兴趣和认识,对实验中学教学中信息技术运用情况进行调查分析,掌握中学数学信息技术运用的有关信息和相关数据,论证开展教学实验的可行性。本研究利用“超级画板”,探索“化静为动,给学生‘展现知识’的形成过程”,到“数形结合,让学生进行‘理解数学’的活动”,到“突破难点,让学生‘经历学习’的过程”,再到“动手实践,给学生一个‘研究数学’的过程”的信息技术与数学课程整合的一种模式。通过“数学实验”教学模式的课堂教学应用,实验班和对比班有很明显的差距,实验班学生普遍在成绩和态度方面有了积极的变化。

【Abstract】 Super’s Sketchpad is developed by Zhang Jingzhong who is a Professor and famous mathematician, mathematics educationist, computer scientist, academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences. At present, Super’s Sketchpad is Popular mathematics Instruction software in our junior middle school. But its application and research is in a low lever.This paper study based on the new curriculum standard(2000) and the idea of curriculum reform summarizes previous results related with Super’s Sketchpad at home and abroad. Through teaching experiment,we explore Super’s Sketchpad’s applications to play a positive role in realizing new ideas in new course plan about function teaching.The line of this study is:firstly, the paper summarizes advantages and disadvantages in the universal application of Super’s Sketchpad, based on interviewing appliying condition of middle and primary school mathematics and Super’s Skatehpad application.Then the paper probes into IT application in progess to Bei Jing’s eight middle and primary schools in mathematical education and acquires large amount of Information and relative data.Finaly, it interviews those mathematics teachers from Hei Longjiang Province FangLin the First middle school,and analyses Super’s Sketchpad application and attitude of teachers and students to demonstrate the feasibility of teaching experiment.Based on investigation, the paper studies teaching model in integration of the Super’s Sketchpad and the middle school math course, provides structure and process of the mathematics experiment model:the first process,"from static to dynamic",demonstrates knowledge to students.The second one,"combination of number and shape",the activity of understanding math. Next,"breakthrough difficulty",provides students to experience learning. The last process,"practice themselves", the students begin to research learning themselves.In our experiment, the paper pays more attention to Super’s Sketchpad’s effect in two classes (included the experimental class and contrasted class).Through applying Super’s Sketchpad into mathematics instruction, the result shows the difference between two classes.The experimental class, scores and attitude is obviously improved.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 首都师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.6
  • 【下载频次】77
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