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中学生过度使用手机行为研究 ——基于认同理论与符号消费理论的分析

【作者】 李宏鹤

【导师】 田国秀;

【作者基本信息】 首都师范大学, 课程与教学论, 2017, 硕士

【副题名】基于认同理论与符号消费理论的分析

【摘要】 本研究源于笔者通过观察看到中学生使用手机严重影响到他们正常的学习和生活,于是想探究现象背后的原因,提出解决的对策和建议。笔者意识到手机使用归根结底是一种符号消费行为,这里所说的消费不仅包括用金钱去换取所需品,也包括用时间、精力等为代价去换取所需要的感觉、感情等内容。符号消费与人的认同关系紧密,笔者以符号消费为中介,将中学生过度使用手机的行为与他们的认同探索联系到一起,并探讨三者之间的关系,解释行为背后的思想根源,形成了本论文的主线。中学生过度使用手机行为日益普遍,日渐成为父母、老师等成人眼中的问题。笔者认为,过度使用手机行为是青少年成长中的一个问题,应时此问题绝对不能单纯针对问题本身进行单一研究,必须抓住问题的根源,清理问题的来龙去脉,才有可能将问题的根源连根拔起,否则一切努力都只是事倍功半。本文共有五部分。第一部分绪论,界定了“过度”、“使用”两个关键概念,明晰了本文的研究问题。此外,绪论呈现了相关研究综述,梳理了“符号消费”、“认同”、“过度使用手机”的关系,为笔者的研究分析做了铺垫。第二部分呈现了观察、访谈结果,总结了中学生过度使用手机的特点。中学生使用手机具有群体性特点,分析这些特点可以总结出中学生自身的特点。第三部分以笔者的观察、访谈作为基础,认同理论、符号消费理论作为工具,对中学生过度使用手机的行为进行原因分析。第四部分是对“过度使用手机”、“认同”、“符号消费”这三个关键词的梳理。此处的梳理将现实与理论密切结合。最后一部分针对中学生过度使用手机的行为提出了对策建议,想要从理念和实际两个层面,应对中学生过度使用手机的行为。

【Abstract】 Based on the observation to the middle school students, the author finds that usage of cell phones has affected their normal life and study seriously, so I eager to explore reasons behind it, as well as put forward solutions and suggestions to it. The author realizes that in the final analysis, using cell phones is a kind of symbolic consumption behavior which includes not only exchange money for needed articles, but also including exchange time, energy for needed feelings, emotions, etc. Symbolic Consumption is tightly related to identity,I defined and classified the behaviors that middle school students using cell phones excessively with their exploration of identity mediated by Symbol Consumption investigate the relationship between the three, and explain the root of thought, and it’s the main line of this article. As an important problem, excessive usage of cell can be overcame only if we could seize the root, and clear the context.Five parts are clearly illustrated here.In the introduction, the author defines the concept "Excessive" and "Use", so that the research question is cleared. Also, study review is presented in the introduction as the basic of this research; it combs the relationship of SymboJ Consumption, Identity and using cell phone excessively. Part two indicates the results of observation and interview, summarizes the characteristics of middle school students using cell phones. Through the analysis, we can conclude the characteristics of students themselves. In part three, I explain the reason why middle school students using cell phones excessively based on the observation, interview, as well as identity theory and Symbol Consumption theory. In part four,I comb the relationship of these three key works---using cell phone excessively, Symbol Consumption, and Identity based on the closely combining of theory and practice. Last but not least, The author gives suggestions to solve the problem of middle school students using cell phones excessively from level of idea and operation.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 首都师范大学
  • 【分类号】G631
  • 【下载频次】115
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