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小学成语教学的现状、问题及对策研究 ——以北京市西城区某小学为例

【作者】 刘丹梅

【导师】 张增田;

【作者基本信息】 首都师范大学, 教育管理, 2017, 硕士

【副题名】以北京市西城区某小学为例

【摘要】 成语,经千百年的创造锤炼而形成,是传统文化的一部分,并深深融入中华民族语言思维系列。据了解,目前小学成语教学是个薄弱环节。一般采用两种方式:在课文的阅读中进行教学;把成语直接提取出来进行教学。这两种形式基本上都是一笔带过,没有深挖成语内涵。成语教学比较单一,在教学中教师只注重成语的死记硬背,成语教学流于形式。其内在的人文因素和教育潜能未能得到充分有效的开发和利用。鉴于成语教学这种现状,笔者认为,探讨并优化小学成语教学方法势在必行。本文第一部分首先概述国内外关于成语教学方面的研究论著,然后阐述成语教学的重要性。在第二和第三部分,作者结合西城区某小学成语教学的实际情况,对现今小学成语教学的现状进行了归纳与分析,指出小学成语教学存在耗时多、效率低这个主要问题,然后陈述其主要原因,最后强调选题的必要性。第四部分是论文的主体。笔者主要从多视角详细地说明了几种成语教学方法,其中主要有:分类整理学习成语,在德育中渗透学习成语,在口语交际中学习成语,在习作中学习成语,在游戏中学习成语等。笔者采用调查问卷法和行动研究法描述了主要过程,采用定性和定量分析的方法,证实了第四部分的成语教学方法的有效性和可行性。文章末尾为结束语。本文具有一定的理论意义和应用价值。笔者认为,该研究成果可充实小学成语教学理论、丰富成语教学方法,指导成语教学实践,有助于学生对成语的积累和运用。从而有助于学生显著地提高自己的语文素养。

【Abstract】 Idioms, is part of the traditional culture by the one thousand creation of temper and form. In china, it is into the Chinese nation language thinking series deeply. As we have learned, current primary school teaching is a weak link for idiom. Generally, there are two ways:One is the teaching idiom in the reading; the other is we have the idiom directly extracted from teaching. The two forms are going to give it short shrift basically, and we don’t deep cut idioms connotation. Idiom-teaching is more specialized. The teacher pay more attention to if the students remember the idiom or not through the simply rote in this course. Idiom-teaching is just the form now. Factors of the inherent cultural and the education potential failed to get the full and effective development and utilization. In view of the present situation of the idiom-teaching, the author believes the discussion and optimization of teaching method about idiom is imperative in primary school.The first part of this paper firstly overviews about research works of idioms teaching at home and abroad, Then elaborates the importance of idioms teaching. In the second and third part, combining with actual situation of idioms teaching in a primary school of Xi Cheng district, the author summarizes and analyzes the current status of the idioms teaching of elementary school. The author points out the main problems about idioms teaching in the primary school are more time-consuming and low efficiency, and then it states the main reasons of the problems. Finally, it emphasizes the necessity of selection of a subject. The fourth part is the main body of the paper. The author mainly explains several idioms teaching methods in details from different perspectives, mainly including:learning idioms by classification, learning idioms by infiltrating in the moral education, learning idioms by oral communication, learning idioms by writing, learning idioms in the games, and so on.The author describes the main process by using questionnaire method and the action research. With the qualitative and quantitative analysis method, the author has proved the feasibility and effectiveness of idioms teaching methods which are in the fourth part. The ending of the paper is about concluding remarks. This paper has certain theoretical significance and application value. The author thinks that the research results can enrich the theories of idioms teaching in primary school and idioms teaching methods, guide idioms teaching practice, help students to accumulate and use idioms. Therefore, it will help students improve their Chinese accomplishment significantly.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 首都师范大学
  • 【分类号】G623.2
  • 【下载频次】197
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