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国内外视频公开课教学策略的比较研究

【作者】 崔乃鹏

【导师】 蒋国珍;

【作者基本信息】 首都师范大学, 课程与教学论, 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 2010年下半年以来,网易、新浪等商业性网络媒体推出的全球名校视频公开课程受到网友的追捧和欢迎,耶鲁大学、哈佛大学等国外名校的部分公开课程录像在国内迅速蹿红,一度出现大学生“逃课”去网上“淘课”的现象,引起了高校和教育部的高度重视,2011年11月中国大学视频公开课正式上线,但使用情况并不乐观。那么,究竟怎样才能建设优质的、受欢迎的视频公开课呢?国外视频公开课受追捧的原因有哪些?本文以哈佛大学的《公正课》和华东师范大学的《学习心理学》为研究个案,使用Nvivo9.0对视频进行了逐集转录和分析,并对课程论坛跟帖进行了内容分析。研究发现:(1)采用恰当的教学方法是开发优质视频公开课的基本要求和前提条件;(2)缺乏学习动机、没有经验重叠和社会临场感不足,是制约视频公开课传播的重要因素;(3)建构主义的教学策略是吸引观察学习者观看、评论的有效方法;(4)保持课堂原生态是开发优质视频公开课的重要保障。根据上述研究发现,研究者提出以下建议:(1)视频公开课应努力营造师生互动的形式和氛围;(2)课堂的互动环节,要重视教学策略的应用;(3)视频公开课的制作要隐藏技术、回归课程原生态、真实再现课程教学;(4)由单纯的“资源发布”和“资源共享”转向“方便学习者基于资源的学习”。

【Abstract】 Netease, Sina and other commercial online media company launched of the global elite public video courses, which is sought after and welcame by millions of users since the second half of2010, some of the public video courses of Yale University, Harvard University and other prestigious schools abroad to fame in the country, these is a phenomenon that some students "skipping" their face-to-face teaching to go online "Amoy class ", caused by the universities and the Ministry of Education attaches great importance to open video lessons formally launched in November2011, but usage is not optimistic.So, how to build high-quality, popular video courses? Sought after by the open class of foreign video? The researcher takes "Justice:What’s the Right Thing to Do?" of Harvard University and "Psychology of learning" of East China Normal University as the case.,use the software of Nvivo9.0to transcribe and analysis the video, and do content analysis in the courses forum.The study found that:(1) the use of appropriate teaching methods is the basic requirement and a prerequisite for the development of the high-quality public video courses;(2) Lack of motivation, lack of experience overlap and lack of social presence is an important factor restricting the spread of public video course;(3) constructivismteaching strategies is an effective way to attract observation of learners to watchand and comment;(4) to maintain the original ecology of the classroom is an important guarantee for the development of the high-quality public video courses.Based on the above study, the researchers made the following recommendations:(1) video open class should strive to create the form and atmosphere of the teacher-student interaction;(2) classroom interactive sessions, attention should be paid to the application of teaching strategies; video (3) hide the technology, return to the original ecology of course, a true representation of teaching;(4)from simpley "release resources" and "resource sharing" to "convenience of the learner resource-based learning.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 首都师范大学
  • 【分类号】G434
  • 【下载频次】68
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