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思想政治课法治教育的实践研究

【作者】 崔玉茹

【导师】 徐锋;

【作者基本信息】 华东师范大学, 教育(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 实施依法治国的基本方略,建设社会主义法治国家,我们既要加强法制建设,更要牢固树立社会主义法治理念。置于思想政治课教学之下的法治教育应遵循中国特色社会主义法治的内涵与特点,为培养符合社会主义发展需要的具备一定法治素养的高中生服务。本文拟围绕学生、教师、教学内容,归纳置于思政课之下的法治教育在实践层面如何将教学内容、教师技能与教法、学生认知、社会资源等要素形成合力,优化法治教育的实效。除引言和结束语外,本文共分四个部分。第一部分为思想政治课法治教育研究现状及发展趋势的文献综述。第二部分,对我国“法治教育”进行了概念界定,我国的法治教育应当与拥护中国共产党领导、社会主义核心价值体系相呼应,是培养非法律专业者在法律及其程序方面的知识、技能、情感态度和价值观的教育。第三部分主要阐述了实践思想政治课法治教育应遵循的教育原则,主要有科学性与思想性相统一的原则;理论与实践相结合的原则;正面教育为主的原则;法治教育与道德教育相统一的原则。第四部分主要阐述了以教学相协调为目标的思想政治课法治教育的对策,包括1.从学生认知起点、法律知识与法理渗透、法治与道德情感的养成等角度分析了初高中教材的衔接,提出高中思想政治基础型课程教学在初高中衔接及教材使用上的建议;2.针对法治教育的特点,分析讲授法、提问法、事例讨论法的利弊,以及它们对教师提出的不同要求和使用建议;3.从整合思政课与学校、社会法治教育资源及对学生进行多元评价两个角度,探索法治教育实现学生知、行、意协同发展的途径。本文在上述研究中得出如下结论:实施思想政治课法治教育需要教师不断提升自身法治素养,扬长避短各教学方法,促进教与学在课堂的融合;系统了解初高中教材内容及特点,让衔接教学贴近学生的认知起点,关注法理渗透,增强学生的理解认同、情感体验;同时,教师应在充分利用各类社会资源,建立对学生的发展性多元化评价体系,促进学生在法治学习领域知、行、意的协调发展。本文的创新之处在于注重实践性和实效性,针对现行思想政治课法治教育特点,概括具体教学实践中的理论支持和方法建议。如法治教育原则、对初高中教材的衔接分析、如何选取教学方法、整合校内外资源等,都具有系统性和现实参考意义。

【Abstract】 Building a socialist country ruled by law, we must strengthen the legal system construction, and firmly establish the socialist concept of the rule of law. In order to make the course of ideology and politics in senior high school play the liable role in the law-related education, the article explores how to form resultant force in teaching content, teaching method, teachers’ skills and students’ cognitive, social resources and other elements in the law-related education of ideology and politics course in senior high school.Except the introduction and tag, the article consists of four parts. Part one is literature review. Part two defined the concepts of the law-related education law-related education in our country must combine with the socialist core value system echoes, cultivate students’ law-related knowledge, skills, attitudes and values. Part three mainly expounds the law-related education principles, which formed in the senior high school ideological and political course. The principles of the law-related education mainly include:scientific and ideological unification principle, theory and practice combining principle, positive education principle, law-related and moral education combining principle. Part four mainly expounds the law-related education’s practice how to realize the teaching coordination. The countermeasures include:1. Proposed the high school ideological and political foundation curriculum teaching material of law-related content written proposal, combining with the curriculum standards and the teaching content, students’cognitive point, legal knowledge and legal osmosis. Proposed the high school ideological and political foundation curriculum teaching in junior high school teaching material use of convergence and suggestions;2. Aiming at the characteristics of law-related education, analyses the advantages and disadvantages on the different teaching method, such as questionnaire, case discussion. They proposed to the teacher’s different requirements and recommendations.3. From the integration of Ideological and political education and school. social law-related education resources and students on multivariate evaluation, explored the way of law-related education how to realize students’ knowledge, action and emotion joint development. Based on the above research conclusions are as follows:the formation of law-related education coordination mechanism requires teachers to improve their law quality. foster strengths and circumvent weaknesses of various teaching methods, improve teaching and learning in the classroom integration; textbooks should be close to students’ cognitive point of articulation, concern legal penetration, enhance students’ understanding, emotional experience; By the time and space constraints, the teacher should use all kinds of social resources, build on students development of diversified evaluation system.The innovation of this paper lies in attaching importance to practice and actual effect of Ideological and political course, according to the present law education characteristics, summarized the concrete teaching practice in support of the theory and method proposed. Such as the law-related education principle, the beginning of high school teaching material, how to choose the teaching method analysis of cohesion, integrating internal and external resources, have a systematic and practical reference value.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华东师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.2
  • 【下载频次】226
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