中国基础教育博硕士论文库

节点文献

四名初中优秀英语学习者个案研究

【作者】 王兴娜

【导师】 王蔷;

【作者基本信息】 北京师范大学, 学科教学, 2015, 硕士

【摘要】 在20世纪70年代,国外学者开始展开关于优秀语言学习者方面的研究。他们的研究方向主要是优秀语言学习者的学习特征,其中的代表人物有Rubin、Stern、Naiman、Frohlich、Tedosco和Ellis等人;国内关于优秀英语学习者的研究始于20世纪80年代。许多的研究者也相继展开了这方面的研究。在以往的研究中,研究对象大部分为大学生,以中小学生为研究对象的研究比较少,并且之前的研究中研究方法大多是问卷调查法,采用个案研究方法的比较少。本研究以个案研究的方式,采用访谈和课堂观察相结合的研究方法对四名北京市初中一年级的优秀英语学习者展开研究。这四名研究对象来自于同一个班级,男女各生两名。研究持续时间为17周。在认真分析收集到的研究数据的基础上,本论文分别总结这四名优秀英语学习者各自在英语学习过程中的特征和使用的英语学习策略,并对比了这四名研究对象在家庭环境、学习经历、学习方法、学习动机和态度等方面的差异。在此基础上,本论文又总结出他们英语学习中的一些共同特征,即学习态度端正;自主学习能力强;对模糊语的容忍度高;充分利用身边的学习资源;有良好的英语学习习惯;在学好课内知识的基础上进行课外学习;灵活运用各种学习方法。主导他们获得成功的学习策略为:元认知策略、认知策略、记忆策略和补偿策略。本论文的研究结果对于英语学习欠成功者和中学英语教学有一定的借鉴意义,也为国内今后开展关于中学优秀语言学习者方面的研究做了铺垫。本论文认为家庭的支持、课内和课外学习相辅相成、善用英语学习方法、学习动机强烈和态度端正是促使这四名研究对象学习优秀的主要因素。随后,本论文认为英语教师可以做出以下几个方面的尝试:教授学生实用的英语学习策略、培养学生的自主学习能力、根据学生的学习水平推荐给学生课外英语读物、鼓励和引导学生开展课外学习、给学生创造用英语表达交流的机会等。本论文最后指出了该研究的不足之处,并对今后关于优秀语言学习者的研究提出了建议。

【Abstract】 From the1970s, studies on good language learners began to be carried out. Manyresearchers like Rubin, Stern,Naiman, Frohlich, Tedosco and Ellis separately conducted studieson good language learners and found out the shared characteristics of the good language learners.In China, studies on good language learners started in the1980s. From then on, many Chineseresearchers did many detailed studies on second language learning strategies. However, thestudies on good language learners mostly adopted the method of questionnaires and most of thesubjects of the studies are college students. Studies on middle school students and primarystudents are few.The subjects of this case study are four Junior One students who are recognized as goodEnglish learners and recommended by their English teacher according to their high scores in anEnglish test. This research lasts17weeks. The methods of this study are interviews and theclassroom observation. On the basis of careful analysis of the collected data, salientcharacteristics and use of language learning strategies of the four subjects are separatelypresented. After that, this thesis makes a comparison of the four subjects in the aspects of familybackground, learning experience, learning strategies, motivation and attitude. Besides, the thesisalso lists the shared characteristics of the four subjects: positive English learning attitude, strongautonomous learning ability, high level of ambiguity tolerance, taking good advantage oflearning resources, good English learning habits, undertaking extracurricular learning activities,and flexible use of language learning strategies. The language learning strategies that make thesubjects successful are metacognitive strategies,cognitive strategies,memory strategies andcompensation strategies.The findings of this research can provide some useful advice to less successful Englishlearners and also lay the basis for further studies on good language learners in the future. Thisthesis concludes the main factors leading the subjects to success which include the support of theparents, curricular and extracurricular study, using language learning strategies according to their need, strong motivation and right learning attitude. This thesis discusses the teaching implicationin the aspects of language learning strategy training, the cultivation of autonomous learningability, recommending English books,encourage and guide students’ extracurricular learning,and providing opportunities for students to use English. At the end of the thesis, limitations ofthe study are explained and suggestions for further study are presented.

移动知网

全球学术快报

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 北京师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.41
  • 【下载频次】1623
节点文献中: