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任务型课外活动在泰国中小学汉语教学中的应用研究 ——以泰国向日葵国际语文学校为例

【作者】 吴月光

【导师】 李彦春;

【作者基本信息】 北京师范大学, 汉语国际教育, 2015, 硕士

【副题名】以泰国向日葵国际语文学校为例

【摘要】 随着中泰两国经济文化交流的日益增长,近年来泰国的汉语教学的发展十分迅速。泰国中小学中课外活动也多种多样,而学生们崇尚自由,活泼好动,传统的语言教学方法和在国内适用的一些其他教学方法难以完全适应泰国的教学情况。上世纪80年代,N.S.Prabhu正式提出的任务型教学法主张用所学的语言来完成任务,以完成任务的过程为学习的过程,较为契合非目的语环境下泰国汉语教学课外活动的特点。虽然关于任务型教学法与课外活动的理论研究及其在汉语教学中的应用研究,学者已有一些较为成熟的研究成果,但是将任务型教学法理念融入汉语教学的课外活动中的研究却尚不充分。因此,针对以上情况,笔者将任务型教学法应用于泰国中小学汉语教学的课外活动中,并对任务型课外活动在汉语教学中的应用效果加以研究,以期对泰国的汉语教学工作者提供一些借鉴。笔者通过在泰国中小学教学实践的机会,设计实施了一些任务型课外活动,对任务型课外活动应用理论进行了探索研究。在教学实验中,笔者使用制订的任务型课外活动的评价体系,运用测验、观察量表、问卷和访谈等多种形式对活动进行评价,并根据任务型课外活动对学生不同语言技能的提高效果,对常见的任务型课外活动进行了分类汇总,供汉语教师们参考。本研究结论如下:1.任务型课外活动在泰国中小学汉语教学中的应用具有较强的可行性;2.应用任务型课外活动是一种有效的教学方式,能够激发学生的学习兴趣,巩固课堂学习的知识,可将课堂内外的汉语教学联系起来,对提高课堂教学效果有着较好的促进作用;3.其应用受到活动时间、分组情况、学生水平、任务难度等诸多条件因素的影响,在教学实践中应加以注意。本研究从应用理论和教学实验的层面,对任务型课外活动在泰国中小学汉语教学中的应用进行了初步探索,对丰富海外汉语教学方法有一定的实用价值,但是由于一些具体情况的限制,实验研究也存在着许多局限。因此,该研究在广度和深度上都有待未来进一步探讨。

【Abstract】 With the increasing growth in economic and cultural communication between China andThailand, learning Chinese as a second language in Thailand has developed into an increasinglyimportant activity in recent years. There is a variety of extracurricular activities in Thailandprimary and middle schools, and the students love freedom and have lively personality, therefore,traditional teaching methods applicable in China are not very suitable for the situation inThailand.In the80’s of the last century, N.S.Prabhu proposed the task-based teaching method, whichadvocates completing the task with the target language and learning in the process of completingthe task. This method is suitable for the extracurricular teaching activities in the non-targetlanguage environment. Although the research on the theory and application of task-basedteaching method and extracurricular activities has already produced many mature results, thestudy of merging the task-based teaching concept with learning Chinese in doing extracurricularactivities is still unexplored. Therefore, according to the above situation, I have applied thetask-based teaching method in the extracurricular activities of Chinese teaching in the Thailandprimary and middle school and studied the teaching effect of applying the task-basedextracurricular activities in Chinese teaching to provide some reference for Chinese teachers inThailand.During the period of teaching practice in Thailand, I designed and implemented some task-basedextracurricular activities and explored the application and theory of the task-basedextracurricular activities. In the teaching experiment, I used the developed evaluation system of task-based extracurricular activities, which includes tests, observation scales, questionnaires,interviews and some other ways to evaluate the activity. Finally, I summarized the commontask-based extracurricular activities according to the different effects on the students’ languageskills.The conclusions of this study are as follows:1. The application of task-based extracurricular activities in the Chinese teaching in Thailandprimary and secondary school is quite feasible;2. The application of task-based activities is an effective teaching approach. It can stimulatestudents’ learning interest, consolidate classroom knowledge, and link the Chinese teachinginside and outside the classroom together, so it has a good effect on improving the effect ofclassroom teaching;3. The effect of its application can be affected by many factors, such as time, grouping, the levelof the students, the difficulty of the task and etc. We should pay more attention to these factors inthe teaching practice.This study has carried out preliminary exploration of applying both theory and experiments onthe task-based extracurricular activities in the Chinese teaching of Thailand primary andsecondary schools, which has certain practical value for enriching the overseas Chinese teachingmethod. However, due to some specific restrictions, our experiment had many limitations.Therefore, the study remains to be further explored in depth and breadth.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 北京师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.3
  • 【下载频次】439
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