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小学高年级语文教学中实施生命教育的策略研究

【作者】 秦思思

【导师】 孙鹤娟;

【作者基本信息】 东北师范大学, 教育学原理, 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 近些年,一些地区的教育部门为应对社会中愈演愈烈的无视生命、漠视生命等现象,明确提出了中小学应全面开展生命教育的建议。生命教育的定义是什么?其提出的理论依据又是什么?生命教育在追求实现怎样的价值?想要探求这些问题的答案,就需要对生命教育相关理论进行研究探索。而至于应如何组织涉及生命教育的语文课堂教学,则需要从优秀课例的教学经验总结及从而生成的建设性想法来进行探索研究。本论文分别对生命教育的理论和其在小学高年级语文教学中的实施途径进行了探究。第一部分理论解读中,先对生命的概念、国内外不同地区关于生命教育提出的不同定义以及大陆开展实施生命教育的社会背景进行分析;其后阐述了与生命教育密切相关的哲学理论基础,包括生命哲学、存在主义哲学和人本主义心理学;最后就生命教育的价值追求与其不同的维度建构进行了研究与总结。第二部分对语文教学作为生命教育实施载体的追问一章,首先就语文教学中所蕴含的生命教育相关理论进行剖析和细化,得出在语文教学中实施生命教育的必要性并对其相较于其他学科所特有的优势进行了具体化陈述。第三大部分主要进行了当前小学高年级所存在生命问题的介绍以及因传统文化认识误区、当代社会的功利化影响、学校教育的偏失所造成问题产生的原因分析。最后一部分中主要落实研究了小学高年级语文教学实施生命教育的相关策略,课堂教学是教育活动的基本途径,学校开展生命教育,离不开课堂教学并且语文教学在小学教学中又占据着首要地位。小学语文教师通过全面的教学目标的设定、生成性的教学过程、灵活的教学方法、非计划性的课堂组织形式以及尊重生命的自身行为,可以对受教者进行生命意识的培养。全文通过四章内容,首先以理论研究的角度夯实研究基础,综合分析国内外对生命教育的现有研究和所下定义,以此确定本文所倡导的生命教育的具体内涵与价值。其后就本文所立标题中“语文教学实施生命教育”进行解释说明,以语文教学的理论基础和特点验证其实施生命教育的学科优势。第三章主要阐述所选择小学高年级段作为实施探索的相关原因,即所存在的种种生命问题如生命意识淡薄、早期青春期所产生的叛逆情绪。最后一部分则在前三章的论述基础上,结合现实课例和名师课堂的教学过程总结,探索出语文教学从课前准备到课堂教学实施再到教学评价、反馈等环节中如何合理有效实施生命教育的策略。

【Abstract】 Life is the origin of education and education is one of existential fashions of life. Recently, these phenomena have been attended. For the sake of turning the scale, some local education authorities definitely advance that elementary and middle schools put life education in practice. What is life education? Does life education have any theoretical basis? For the answers to these questions will depend on the study of the origin of life theories of education. And if we want to get the answers about the ways to implement life education in Chinese teaching, we should try to conclusion some good teaching methods and advice some constructive ideas.The dissertation includes theories of life education and the elementary school higher grades implementing life education in Chinese teaching. The first part mainly includes: analyzes definition of life, some different definitions of life education in china and other countries and background based on which the mainland advances life education.After nailing down the essence of life education, then the dissertation studies the theoretical bases of life education which include Life Philosophy, Existentialism, Humanism Psychology. Then the dissertation discusses the value of life education and the construction of different dimensions. Classroom teaching is the basic way of education activities, so schools to implement life education, cannot leave the classroom teaching and Chinese teaching in primary school teaching occupies the most important position. Chinese teachers in primary school through set a comprehensive teaching objectives, generate the teaching process, flexible teaching methods, unplanned classroom organization, and respect for the life of their own behavior, the recipients of the culture of life consciousness.Access the full four chapters, the first angle of theoretical studies reinforce the research base, a comprehensive analysis of existing research on life education at home and abroad and the definition, in order to determine the specific content and value of this paper advocated Life Education.Its stand after the title of this article, "the implementation of Chinese teaching life education" in an explanation to the theoretical basis and characteristics of Chinese teaching discipline verify the advantages of its implementation of life education.The third chapter describes the selected upper primary section as related causes Exploration of the various problems of life that is the existence of life consciousness, arising from early adolescence rebellious mood.The last part of the discussion on the basis of the first three chapters, combined with the reality and the teaching process Lesson summary of the classroom teacher, to explore language teaching from pre-class preparation to implementation to the classroom teaching evaluation, feedback and other aspects of how reasonable and effective implementation of life strategy of education.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 东北师范大学
  • 【分类号】G623.2
  • 【下载频次】221
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