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以《墨点字帖(欧)》为范本谈欧体在小学书法课中的实施 ——以十堰市东城小学为例

【作者】 赵华

【导师】 黄峰;

【作者基本信息】 华中师范大学, 学科教学(美术), 2017, 硕士

【副题名】以十堰市东城小学为例

【摘要】 书法是以汉字为载体的书写艺术,是我国五千年来优秀的文化传统,代表了中国艺术的核心,2009年中国书法被联合国教科文组织列入“人类非物质文化遗产代表作名录”,传承和弘扬书法文化是时代的要求,具有紧迫性。但是近几十年来随着信息时代的来临,电脑的使用,学校应试教育模式带来的升学压力,书法教育遭到空前的忽视,学生的书写能力大大削弱,令人堪忧。近些年来随着新课程改革的实施,国家教育部也制定了一些写字(书法)教学的政策性文件,对书法教学逐步重视起来。但是迄今为止,国家教育部及教材编订中心还没有出台一套国家通用的书法教材。面对目前书法教育的实施势在必行的趋势,义务教育阶段书法教材的选择成为一个不得不面临的问题。本文以一套根据《教育部关于中小学开展书法教育的意见》文件编写的《墨点字帖---毛笔书法课(欧)》为范本着重研究欧体书法,论述了此教材在小学初步实施的情况。本论文主要从五个方面对论题进行研究。首先介绍了欧体的历史背景及书法风格的特点,从唐代楷书的发展,欧阳询个人的生平与个性,主要著作,功绩书法风格等详尽认识欧体。其次针对小学生书法适合练习那种书体,习欧体的好处进一步分析欧体。第三部分针对目前市面上各种书法教材的分析,选定《墨点字帖(欧)》作为范本具体研究欧体,及此书针对中小学生练习欧体编排的优点与不足,第四部分详尽论述了《墨点字帖(欧)》在小学实施的过程与教学反馈。近几年来随着书法基础教育在全国各地开始实施,已经出现了许多关于义务教育阶段书法教育教学的研究。但是这些研究有些仅是针对目前的现实存在的问题及成因做了分析,提出了一些口号式的呼吁,或是浅尝辄止的谈论了书法教育实施的方法,并没有实质性的深入的去调查与实践,并寻找合适的方法措施来解决出现的问题。本论文试图从对《墨点字帖》书法教材的解析与试用,理论与实际结合来选定一套适合于当地学校试用的书法教材及较完善的书法教学体系。

【Abstract】 Calligraphy art is based on Chinese characters as the carrier of writing, is our country in five thousand to excellent cultural traditions, represent the core of Chinese art, Chinese calligraphy in 2009 by the United Nations educational, scientific and cultural organization included in the "human non-material cultural heritage representative work list", inheriting and carrying forward the culture of calligraphy is the requirement of The Times, with urgency. But in recent decades with the advent of the information age, the use of computers, the school takes an exam the education mode of entrance pressure, calligraphy education has been an unprecedented ignored, the students’writing ability greatly weakened, worrying. In recent years as the implementation of the new curriculum reform, the ministry of education has also laid down some writing calligraphy teaching policy documents, the calligraphy teaching gradually. But so far, the national ministry of education and teaching material compilation center has not yet issued a national general calligraphy teaching materials. In the face of the implementation of the calligraphy education is imperative trend at present, calligraphy teaching material of compulsory education stage choose to become a have to face the problem.Based on a set according to the ministry of education of primary and secondary schools to carry out the opinions of the calligraphy education "documentation current published in hubei region and gradually facing the whole country of the ink dot copybook (o)-brush calligraphy for sample OuTi calligraphy is studied emphatically, and the teaching material of OuTi parsing, this paper discusses the preliminary implementation of this teaching material in elementary school. This thesis mainly from the five aspects of the thesis. First introduces the historical background of OuTi and the features of the calligraphy style, from the tang dynasty the development of the regular script, running-penmanship melts former people’s life of the individual, personality, major works, achievements of calligraphy style detailed understanding OuTi. Calligraphy style suitable for practice that second for primary school students, learning OuTi OuTi benefits of further analysis. Third part in view of the present on the market all kinds of calligraphy teaching material analysis, selected the ink copybook (o) as a model of the specific studies OuTi, and this book on the advantages and shortcomings of primary and middle school students practice OuTi layout, the fourth part discusses the detailed the ink copybook (European) implementation process and method in the elementary school.In recent years as the basis of calligraphy education started in all parts of the country, there have been many research on teaching of calligraphy education in compulsory education stage. But some of these studies is only in view of the present reality, analyzed the existing problems and causes, and puts forward some sloganeering call us or talk and stop talking about the calligraphy education implementation method, and there is no substantial in-depth to research, practice, method of finding the right measures to solve the problems. This paper attempts to from a calligraphy teaching material analysis and implementation, from theory to practice to select a set of suitable for the local school to try calligraphy teaching materials and a set of more perfect teaching system.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华中师范大学
  • 【分类号】G623.75
  • 【下载频次】103
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