【作者基本信息】 南京师范大学， 学科教学， 2017， 硕士
【Abstract】 With the middle school history curriculum reform, the history educational circles are increasingly recognizing the value and function of historical teaching in history teaching in middle school. " History Teaching" under the guidance of the history teaching process, teachers guide students to question, to drive, to historical materials as a carrier of historical teaching. Its main significance lies in the teachers and students to explore ways to make use of historical data, let the students know how to collect and identify the historical materials, encourage students to explain the historical data, and discover a problem, solve the problem and demonstrate problem from historical data, so as to stimulate students’ interest in learning, to cultivate students’ question consciousness, improve the students’ ability of historical thinking, change the traditional learning style, and promote the reform of history teaching.Combining with the theory and practice of history teaching in middle school, historical teaching problems, mainly consists of four parts, the specific contents are as follows:The first chapter " the connotation of problems under the guidance of historical sources teaching " and the significance, elaborated the meaning and classification of historical data, the concept and meaning and origin of" historical teaching and the problems under the guidance of historical sources teaching "The second chapter " problem leading teaching " the several relations well, including the relationship between the historical data and the history teaching, the relationship between teaching and other teaching methods, the relationship between leading historical teaching and problems.The third chapter "the problem lead the practice of history teaching under the " is this paper focuses on the content, I combined the middle school history teaching practice, with specific case to explore how the collection and identification of historical data, how to interpret the historical data and the creation of the problem and how to solve problems and demonstrate smart material history. In historical teaching in the lead, to cultivate students’ ability to learn the historical data on the one hand, on the other hand, to enhance students’ ability of" problem consciousness" and problem solving.Misunderstandings and Countermeasures in the fourth chapter the history teaching, combined with the specific problems of history teaching in the classroom, analyzes four mistakes:(1) the historical teaching as the teaching of history are (2) the form of light weight material, the lack of effective guiding problems (3) the " fictional" and " artificial materials " exactly the same in history (4) director and star historical teaching is teachers of history, and puts forward the corresponding countermeasures to the misunderstanding.Historical teaching is a systematic project, in the historical teaching teachers should change the teaching idea, consolidate the professional knowledge, the basic skill learning theory and historical studies. In addition, the government also should combine the excellent experience of foreign historical teaching, a corresponding increase in the proportion of historical materials in history curriculum resources, increase investment, and change a single evaluation model, provides the powerful support to the implementation of historical teaching.In a word, the historical teaching has become the development trend of history teaching in middle school in twenty-first Century. We should seize the favorable opportunity, the new curriculum reform provides the ceaseless exploration, practice, let the historical teaching play its important role in middle school history teaching.
- 【网络出版投稿人】 南京师范大学