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南京本土文化语文校本课程的开发和实施研究

【作者】 王静

【导师】 潘文;

【作者基本信息】 南京师范大学, 学科教学, 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 20世纪90年代中后期,校本课程开发的理念被引入我国,引起人们的广泛关注,随着国家基础教育课程改革的进一步推进,教育部出台了三级课程管理制度,学校和教师在课程开发有了更多的自主权和责任,使得校本课程的发展步入了新的台阶。南京本土文化史承久远,内涵丰富。积极的探索和进行较深层次的思考,将南京本土文化开发出来,作为校本课程资源,既充实了课程资源,又能让这些宝贵的本土文化生生不息,发扬光大。本文将南京本土文化作为研究对象,通过对其文化自身价值和课程价值的考察与分析,在调查学生对本土文化的了解情况及对其学习需求的基础上,进行“南京本土文化”语文校本课程开发的尝试。南京本土文化作为语文校本课程资源的开发与利用是一个动态的过程,是理论研究与实践探索相结合的过程,包括对南京本土文化可利用的语文校本课程资源进行筛选和分类以及南京本土文化语文校本课程资源的课程化。南京本土文化是语文课程“人文精神”的合理内核,也是全面涵养语文素养的有效途径,确立南京本土文化作为语文校本课程资源,一方面有利于传承和弘扬本土文化,另一方面可以有效地促进学习者个性化发展。在课程资源筛选机制上,首先要树立以学习者全面发展为中心的目的,经过教育哲学、学习理论和教学理论的筛选,并且受到课程资源开发原则的制约。对南京本土文化作为语文校本课程资源的厘定主要包括两个方面:一是根据语文学科课程标准厘定课程内容;一是根据南京本土文化课程资源的类型厘定课程化方式。南京本土文化作为语文校本课程资源的价值体现在南京本土文化既是中华民族文化谱系的重要组成部分,也是语文教育“人文性”的有益补充,有利于培养自主、合作、探究的学习方式和建设开放而有活力的语文课程。南京本土文化丰富多彩,笔者主要以南京民风民俗、名胜古迹、方言俚语、诗词歌赋、人文荟萃等九个方面进行探究,对其校本教材进行了编写设计,并且阐述了课程实施的主要原则,教学方法和实例,以及评价原则和评价标准。

【Abstract】 During the mid and later part of the 1990s, the concept of "school-based curriculum" was introduced into China and aroused wide concern. Along with the promotion of the national basic education curriculum reform, the Ministry of Education put in place the Three-Level Course Management System in order to give schools and teachers more independence and responsibility in curriculum development. As a result, school-based curriculum development has reached a higher stage of development.The local culture of Nanjing has a long history and rich content. Making good use of the local culture of Nanjing will not only enrich the resource of school-based curriculum, but also carry forward the va luable local culture itself.This paper makes Nanjing local culture as the main study object. After investigating students’ knowledge of the local culture and their desire of learning it, the thesis makes an effort to develop the school-based curriculum with the application of Nanjing local culture by analysing the value of local culture and the value of the curriculum.Applying Nanjing local culture to developing the resources of Chinese language school-based curriculum is a dynamic process, which combines theory research and practical exploration. Such process includes the filtration and classification of Nanjing local culture which can be used as the resources of Chinese school-based curriculum. It also involves the integration of Nanjing local culture and the curriculum itself.Nanjing local culture is a reasonable kernel of the humanistic spirit advocated in Chinese language school-based curriculum, which also helps to improve the Chinese language attainment in an effective way. Applying Nanjing local culture to school-based curriculum, will not only help to inherit and carry forward the local culture, but also effectively promote the development of the students individually. In the course of selecting the curriculum resource, we should first confirm that the comprehensive development of the learners is our final goal. The selection should be guided by education philosophy, learning theory, teaching theory and restricted by the development principle of curriculum resources. The stipulations of applying Nanjing local culture to school-based curriculum mainly include two aspects:one is to determine the curriculum content according to the Chinese language curriculum standards; the other is to determine the curriculum mode according to the resource type of Nanjing local culture curriculum. The value of regarding Nanjing local culture as one of the resource of Chinese language curriculum is as follows:Nanjing local culture is not only an important part of the Chinese national culture, but also reinforces the humanistic spirit advocated in Chinese language education. It helps the learners to learn the courses more initiatively, cooperatively and helps to make the Chinese courses more vigorous and interesting.Nanjing local culture is very abundant in resource. The author compiles the teaching materials and discusses the local culture mainly from nine aspects, such as the Nanjing folk-custom, places of historic interest and scenic beauty, dialect and slangs, poetry, talents and tales, etc.. The paper also expatiates the main principle of how to implement the curriculum, the teaching method, the practical examples, the evaluation principle and criterion.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 南京师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.3
  • 【下载频次】101
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