【作者基本信息】 南京师范大学， 学科教学， 2017， 硕士
【Abstract】 During the mid and later part of the 1990s, the concept of "school-based curriculum" was introduced into China and aroused wide concern. Along with the promotion of the national basic education curriculum reform, the Ministry of Education put in place the Three-Level Course Management System in order to give schools and teachers more independence and responsibility in curriculum development. As a result, school-based curriculum development has reached a higher stage of development.The local culture of Nanjing has a long history and rich content. Making good use of the local culture of Nanjing will not only enrich the resource of school-based curriculum, but also carry forward the va luable local culture itself.This paper makes Nanjing local culture as the main study object. After investigating students’ knowledge of the local culture and their desire of learning it, the thesis makes an effort to develop the school-based curriculum with the application of Nanjing local culture by analysing the value of local culture and the value of the curriculum.Applying Nanjing local culture to developing the resources of Chinese language school-based curriculum is a dynamic process, which combines theory research and practical exploration. Such process includes the filtration and classification of Nanjing local culture which can be used as the resources of Chinese school-based curriculum. It also involves the integration of Nanjing local culture and the curriculum itself.Nanjing local culture is a reasonable kernel of the humanistic spirit advocated in Chinese language school-based curriculum, which also helps to improve the Chinese language attainment in an effective way. Applying Nanjing local culture to school-based curriculum, will not only help to inherit and carry forward the local culture, but also effectively promote the development of the students individually. In the course of selecting the curriculum resource, we should first confirm that the comprehensive development of the learners is our final goal. The selection should be guided by education philosophy, learning theory, teaching theory and restricted by the development principle of curriculum resources. The stipulations of applying Nanjing local culture to school-based curriculum mainly include two aspects:one is to determine the curriculum content according to the Chinese language curriculum standards; the other is to determine the curriculum mode according to the resource type of Nanjing local culture curriculum. The value of regarding Nanjing local culture as one of the resource of Chinese language curriculum is as follows:Nanjing local culture is not only an important part of the Chinese national culture, but also reinforces the humanistic spirit advocated in Chinese language education. It helps the learners to learn the courses more initiatively, cooperatively and helps to make the Chinese courses more vigorous and interesting.Nanjing local culture is very abundant in resource. The author compiles the teaching materials and discusses the local culture mainly from nine aspects, such as the Nanjing folk-custom, places of historic interest and scenic beauty, dialect and slangs, poetry, talents and tales, etc.. The paper also expatiates the main principle of how to implement the curriculum, the teaching method, the practical examples, the evaluation principle and criterion.
【Key words】 local culture of Nanjing； school-based curriculum； development； implementation；
- 【网络出版投稿人】 南京师范大学