中国基础教育博硕士论文库

节点文献

小学数学“四生课堂”的实践研究

【作者】 庄华英

【导师】 张传燧;

【作者基本信息】 湖南师范大学, 小学教育(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 随着数学课程标准的修订和完善,小学数学课堂的教学目的、教学方式、教学内容和教学过程也发生变化,课堂上非常强调学生的主体作用以及教师的主导作用。为了改进小学数学课堂教学的现状,提高课堂效率,笔者进行了小学数学“四生课堂”的实践研究。“四生课堂”是指具有教学主体的生命性、教学目的的生长性、教学过程的生成性和教学内容的生活性等四种特性的课堂教学活动。它具有坚实的哲学、社会学和教育学基础。笔者在研究生实习期间,以四生课堂观为指导,结合小学数学课堂进行了实践研究。本文将以“四生课堂”理念为依据并对其进行总结与提炼。本文首先对“四生课堂”的生命哲学、人本哲学、生命教育论、教育目的论、教育过程论、生活教育论、教学主体论和课程内容论等理论基础进行了阐释。接着从阐释生命性、生长性、生成性和生活性等四个方面揭示了“四生课堂”的理论意蕴,并分析四者的内在联系。然后从目的、条件、过程、原则和方式等方面对小学数学“四生课堂”的教学实践进行了精心设计。接着从实习学校的基本情况和实施过程对小学数学“四生课堂”的实施情形进行了详细的描述,并在此基础上从教学主体的生命性、教学目的的生长性、教学过程的生成性和教学内容的生活性这四个教学过程的全程对其效果进行了分析,并根据实践研究和理论思考提出了一些体会和反思。本文将有利于小学数学课堂从封闭性走向开放性,从知识传递教学走向知识建构教学,从而充分突显教学主体的生命性,着眼教学目标的生长性,立足教学过程的生成性和加强教学内容的生活性。

【Abstract】 As the mathematics curriculum standard revised and improved, the purposes, content and process of teaching in primary mathematics lessons are gradually changed that the subject role of students and the dominant role of teachers are emphasized in the classroom. A practical research on“Sisheng classroom” in primary mathematics is conducted in this paper in order to improve primary mathematics teaching and its efficiency. The“Sisheng classroom” is a activity which includes the animacy of teaching subject, the growth of teaching purpose, the generation of teaching process and the vitality of teaching content. It has a solid foundation of philosophy,sociology and pedagogy. During the graduate internship, the author has conducted a practice research of primary mathematics lessons guided by “Sisheng classroom”. According to the concept of “Sisheng class”, the paper aims to sum and extract it.This paper explains the “Sisheng classroom” in terms of life philosophy, humanistic philosophy, animacy education,etc. that“Sisheng” means the four theoretical implication of animacy,growth,generation and vitality and analyze the internal relations of the“Sisheng”. Besides, design the primary mathematics “Sisheng classroom”in purpose, condition, process, principle and method. Then, record the implementation situation in detail and analyze the animacy of teachingsubject, the growth of teaching purpose, the generation of teaching process and the vitality of teaching content with its effect in the whole process of the teaching process. At last, give some experiences and thinking according to the practice of teaching research.This research is good for the primary school mathematics lessons from closed to open, from delivering knowledge to constructing knowledge, fully highlighting the life of teaching subject, achieving the growth of teaching purpose, presenting the generation of teaching process,reinforcing the vitality of teaching content.

移动知网

全球学术快报

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 湖南师范大学
节点文献中: