【作者基本信息】 湖南师范大学， 教育管理（专业学位）， 2017， 硕士
【Abstract】 Classroom culture is a kind of classroom atmosphere. It has a strong influence on Teachers’ and students’ classroom life and behavior, and it also plays an important role in the classroom reform. In the perspective of cultural diversity, to re-examine the value orientation of classroom teaching, from the classroom cultural level to analyze the essence of the classroom, the formation of primary and secondary school classroom cultural construction of the basic ideas. This is not only the rational thinking of the deep structure of the classroom, but also the significance of this study.This study first researched the theoretical meaning of classroom culture connotation, composition, characteristics and functions. On top of that, through to the classroom teaching process, the classroom behavior of observation in and outside of the class, the opinions exchange with teachers, and communication with parents, interview the leaders of the Department of education, I can explore the American classroom culture.Respectively from the classroom environment(including culture,classroom seating arrangement, class size, classroom atmosphere),classroom behavior(interactive teaching methods, cooperative learning methods, equal teacher-student relationship), institutional culture in the classroom teaching of development(classified classes teaching,democratic teaching rules and regulations and a variety of teaching evaluation), evaluation system(including motivated classroom evaluation,self demonstration homework evaluation, ability oriented homework evaluation) to explore the classroom teaching culture in American schools.And from the human-oriented, ability prominent, democracy and equality,mutual respect, development of personality, creativity, learning,entertaining areas to analyze the characteristics of classroom culture in American elementary and secondary schools. Next, the causes of classroom culture in primary and secondary schools in the United States were studied. This part from the multicultural fusion of cultural patterns,decentralization of management system, advocating the education concept of freedom of the national spirit, social groups and autonomous and flexible educational system, explored the origin of American primary and secondary school classroom culture. Finally, it discussed the enlightenment of American Elementary and middle school classroom culture. In this part, combined with the practice of classroom teaching in primary and secondary schools in the United States, it gave us the following enlightenment: to build a diversified classroom culture, to build a democratic and respected classroom culture, to build a free and open classroom culture.
【Key words】 American primary and secondary schools； Classroom culture； case analysis；
- 【网络出版投稿人】 湖南师范大学