中国基础教育博硕士论文库

节点文献

团体心理辅导对中职生自尊的影响

【作者】 罗平

【导师】 阎平;

【作者基本信息】 湖南师范大学, 教育硕士(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 自尊是个体对其自身价值的一种积极认知评价,是在不断的追求自身价值过程中,体验到的一种内在的积极情感。国内外的研究学者通过的大量研究,证实了高自尊者比低自尊者拥有更积极的情绪,更高的生活满意度,更少的焦虑、抑郁和无助感。因此,自尊是影响个体心理健康的重要因素之一。笔者在对821名中职生的自尊测量后,发现中职生的自尊水平确实比较低。本研究在前人的基础上,探索团体辅导对中职生自尊水平的影响,以期能为中职生的心理健康发展和职业教育提供实际的帮助和建议。本研究选取了两所某中职学校,对目前中职生的自尊水平进行大规模调查,了解中职生的自尊发展水平。在团体辅导前,选取了36名中职生为被试,采取抽签的方式分为三组:实验组I、实验组II和控制组,采用Ronsenberg的《自尊量表》来对三组进行前后测,在实验前,实验组I、实验组II和控制组被试的自尊水平均没有显著性差异,保证了三组成员是同质的和具有可比性的;在团体辅导过程中,对实验组I被试进行了8次团体辅导;对实验组II也进行了8次与自尊影响因素无关的团体活动,以避免安慰剂效应;控制组不做任何处理。团体结束后再对三组被试进行数据评估。研究结果表明:1、团体辅导对提高中职生的自尊水平有显著效果;实验组I的学生在团体辅导后,与实验组II及控制组的自尊水平有显著差异。2、与中职生自尊水平相关的因素包括家庭(亲子关系、家庭结构、家庭经济和独生子女等)、学校(学业成绩、班干部等)和个体(外表、年龄和自我概念的清晰度等)。3、本研究所用的团体辅导方案切实可行,可以作为中职生自尊水平的干预方案进行使用。

【Abstract】 Self-esteem is a kind of positive cognitive evaluation of the individual’s own value, and a positive emotional experience in the process of constant pursuit of self value. A large number of studies have demonstrated that high self-esteem has a more positive mood, higher life satisfaction, less anxiety, depression and helplessness than low self-esteem. Therefore, self-esteem is one of the important factors that affect individual mental health. After measuring the self-esteem of 821 students, it is found that the self-esteem level of the students is relatively low. Based on previous studies, this study explored the effect of group counseling on the level of secondary vocational students’ self-esteem, in order to provide practical help and suggestions for the mental health development and vocational education.In this study, a large scale investigation on the level of self-esteem of the secondary vocational school students is carried out to understand the development level of the secondary vocational school students. Before group counseling, 36 students were divided into three groups:experimental group 1, experimental group 2 and control group, 3 groups were tested by "The self-Esteem Scale". There were no significant differences between the 1 groups and the control group. The 8 groups were treated with 2 groups. The control group was treated with two groups without any treatment. After the group was over, the data were evaluated.Research results show that:1. group counseling has a significant effect on improving the self-esteem level of secondary vocational school students. The students inthe 1 groups have significant differences in self-esteem level after group counseling.2. the main factors that affect the level of self-esteem in the secondary vocational school students are family factors(parent child relationship, family structure, family economy and only child, etc.),school factors(academic performance, whether class cadres, etc.) and individual factors(appearance, age and self concept of the definition,etc.).3.the group counseling program used in this study is feasible and can be used as the intervention program of the level of secondary vocational students’ self-esteem.

移动知网

全球学术快报

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 湖南师范大学
  • 【分类号】G448
  • 【下载频次】118
节点文献中: