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长沙XX学校学业不良学生心理症状分析及对策研究

【作者】 曾皓

【导师】 上官剑;

【作者基本信息】 湖南师范大学, 教育硕士(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 中职学生大部分是被应试教育所淘汰的“差生”,他们作为一个特殊的学生群体,相对于一般高中生来说,更容易产生心理问题。现在,中职学生中存在许多学业不良的学生。学业不良学生是指那些要比其他学生花更多时间和精力,才能达到掌握知识、技能和某种及格水平的学生。这些学生具有思考不积极、不肯或不善于开动脑筋,经常回避那些较用脑的习题,思维上有惰性,常用老一套方法解决新问题,注意力不易集中、易分心,对直观教材的记忆优于对语言教材的记忆,善于机械记忆,不善于语言逻辑思维等特征。学业不良学生因其学习成绩不好,常常受到老师、家长的指责与同学的歧视,也有些学业不良学生是来自单亲家庭或是贫困家庭,他们缺乏父母的关心与呵护,因而其内心世界是非常不稳定的。因此,关注职业学校学业不良学生的心理健康,对于培养职业学校学生心理素质、提高学习成绩具有十分重要的意义,同时也有利于提高职业教育的教学质量。本研究以长沙XX学校的学生为研究对象,对中等职业学校学业不良学生的心理症状进行分析,同时列举笔者在教育教学过程中转化学业不良学生的成功案例,在分析和总结的基础上提出教育对策,目的在于了解中职学业不良学生心理健康症状,分析中职学业不良学生心理健康的影响因素,为中职学校开展心理健康教育工作与提高中职学生德育工作提供理论指导,为中职学校达到培养健康健全的合格人才的目的。本论文共分为四个部分,第一部分阐述了问题的起因,当前国内外针对该问题的研究现状、研究意义与研究目的;第二部分则阐述了本文的研究对象与方法;第三部分描述了长沙xx学校学业不良学生的心里健康的结果以及根据笔者近二十年的工作笔记、教育经验阐述了长沙xx学校学业不良学生的典型案例;第四部分对长沙XX学校学业不良学生的心理健康调查结果进行分析,同时针对学业不良学生的心理健康状况提出相应的对策。

【Abstract】 Most students in the vocational school are those who were eliminated by the examination-oriented education. As a special group, they are more likely to have psychological problems.Now many students in the vocational school are poor at studying. The students with learning disabilities are those who will spend more time and energies than others in order to master some knowledge, get basic skills and pass some kind of exam. These students are negative. They are unwilling to think or not good at thinking. They refuse to think about anything. So they solve the problems in old ways. They are scatterbrains. They have better visual image memories. They don’t do well in logical thinking. The students with learning disabilities are often looked down upon by the classmates and blamed by their parents or teachers because of their bad grades. Some of them come from the poor families or have single parent. They are lack of love from their parents. Their inner world is very unstable.In this paper, the research object is the students in Changsha XX School. The psychological symptoms of the students with poor academic achievements in the vocational school have been analyzed. At the same time, many successful examples of educating those students have been given. Some education countermeasures have been proposed according to the analysis and conclusion. In order to understand the psychological health symptoms of the students in the vocational school, to analyze the factors that affect their psychological health and to provide theoretical guidance of health education and moral education. What we have done is just for the purpose of developing the healthy and qualified students in the vocational school.The thesis is divided into four parts, the first part explains the cause of the problem, the current study of the problem at home and abroad, the research significance and research purposes; The second part explains the research object and methods of this article; The third part describes the result of poor students’ psychological health of Changsha xx school,and explains the typical cases of poor students of Changsha xx school,according to the author’s experience in job notes, education for nearly 20 year; Thee fourth part analyzes the poor students’ psychological health survey results of Changsha xx school, and at the same time put forward the corresponding countermeasures, According to the poor students mental health status.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 湖南师范大学
  • 【分类号】G444
  • 【下载频次】73
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