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幼儿园保教质量监测标准的研制 ——以湖南省为样本

【作者】 贺红芳

【导师】 杨莉君;

【作者基本信息】 湖南师范大学, 学前教育学, 2017, 硕士

【副题名】以湖南省为样本

【摘要】 保教质量是幼儿园工作价值的体现,也是幼儿园管理的核心,它直接关系着幼儿的身心健康,对于其今后的成长十分重要。由于保教质量是一个系统的概念,具有动态性、复杂性、模糊性、波动性及综合性等特点,决定着保教质量的管理离不开监测。在开展保教质量监测的过程中,最为重要的是要明确保教质量监测的方向,研制保教质量监测标准,确保质量监测的科学性和有效性。本研究在梳理国内外有关文献资料的基础上,结合对湖南省学前教育专家、教育行政部门管理人员的深度访谈以及开放式问卷调查结果,对保教质量的操作性定义进行了界定,初步梳理出保教质量监测指标体系,包括3个一级指标、15个二级指标和47个三级指标。之后对指标体系的重要性程度开展调查,运用SPSS软件对回收的问卷进行项目质量分析、探索性因素分析和验证性因素分析。首先,根据各项目的描述统计指数、CR值和项总相关系数的结果,删除了5个鉴别度较低的项目。其次,采用主轴因子分解和最大正交旋转法,对项目的结构进行了2次探索,确定了保教质量监测的3个维度和39个指标,并将维度分别命名为结果性指标、过程性指标和结构性指标。最后,利用AMOS软件对指标结构进行验证,各项拟合指数显示结构模型良好。在以上研究的基础上形成了保教质量监测指标的正式问卷,对回收的问卷运用SPSS软件开展信度和效度检验,从而最终确定保教质量监测指标体系。为进一步明确各级指标的重要性程度,本研究采用主成分分析法,计算出保教质量监测指标的权重,呈现保教质量监测指标权重表。同时根据国家有关的政策法规、各省市的幼儿园评定标准和湖南省幼儿园的实践情况,制定保教质量各项指标的等级评定标准,完成幼儿园保教质量监测标准的研制。本研究研制的保教质量监测标准包括:3个一级指标、8个二级指标和39个三级指标,且每项指标都有对应的等级评定标准。幼儿园保教质量监测标准的研制为教育行政部门监测幼儿园的保教质量、幼儿园自我评估园所的保教质量以及家长了解幼儿园保教质量信息提供了指导性和参考性工具。

【Abstract】 Education quality is reflected in the value of kindergarten and the core of kindergarten management,which is directly related to children’ physical and mental health. Due to education quality is a concept with systematic, dynamic,complexity, ambiguity, and integrated volatility and other characteristics, which determine the management of education quality is inseparable from monitoring. In the course of monitoring education quality, the most important thing is to define the direction of monitoring education quality and develop the standards for monitoring education quality in order to ensure the effectiveness.Based on the review of related literature at home and abroad,and combined with the depth interview with experts on preschool education and managers of administration department for education in Hunan province as well as the open questionnaire survey,the author defined the operational definition of kindergarten education quality and initially teased out the index system for monitoring education quality including three primary indexes,fifteen secondary indexes andforty-seven three-level indexes.After carrying out a survey on the degree of importance of each index,the author did qualitative analysis,exploratory factor analysis(i.e.EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis(i.e.CFA)for returned questionnaires by using SPSS software.Firstly,Five items lacking discrimination were deleted according to the descriptive statistics index,corrected item-total correlation and critical ratio of each item. Secondly,the author explored the structure of item for twice and identified thirty-nine indexes that can be divided into three dimensions named structural indexes,process indexes as well as outcome indexes to monitor kindergarten education quality by using principal axis method and maximal likelihood method. Thirdly,the structure of indexes is verified by using Amos software and each fitting index shows that the model has good structure.On the basis of the above structure,the study formed a formal questionnaire of index system for monitoring education quality,and did the reliability and validity test for returned questionnaires by using SPSS,which ultimately determine the index system for monitoring education quality. To further define the degree of the importance of each index for monitoring education quality,the author calculated the weight of eachindex and showed weight table of index system for monitoring kindergarten education quality by using principal component analysis(i.e.PCA). At the same time,according to the relevant national policies and regulations, the provincial kindergarten assessment standards and the practice of kindergarten in Hunan Province,evaluation criteria for each index was established and the research on the standard for monitoring kindergarten education quality was finally finished.In this research,the standard for monitoring kindergarten education quality includes:three primary indexes,eight secondary indexes and thirty-nine three-level indexes and each index has the corresponding evaluation criteria.The study of the standard for monitoring kindergarten education quality provides a reference and guidance tool which can help administration department for education monitor kindergarten education quality,kindergartens assess education quality by itself and parents knows about educational information.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 湖南师范大学
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