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侗族大歌在幼儿园音乐教学活动中的应用研究 ——以九龙村A幼儿园大班为例

【作者】 李虹霖

【导师】 张卫民;

【作者基本信息】 湖南师范大学, 学前教育学, 2017, 硕士

【副题名】以九龙村A幼儿园大班为例

【摘要】 侗族大歌是民族歌谣艺术中的璀璨之星,是中国乃至世界最重要的非物质文化遗产,更是侗族人民生活的一部分,是侗家人千百年来智慧的结晶,将侗族大歌应用于幼儿园的音乐教学活动中对幼儿的身心和谐发展以及民族文化的传承与发展具有重要意义。本研究以九龙村A幼儿园大班幼儿为研究对象,运用观察法、访谈法、文献法等对侗族大歌在幼儿园音乐教学活动中的应用进行了行动研究。本研究具体包括以下五个部分:第一章是绪论部分。主要阐述本研究的基本问题,包括研究的缘起、目的与意义、研究中的核心概念、与研究相关的文献综述、研究方法等。第二章是行动研究的准备阶段。准备阶段主要完成以下几个任务:认识侗族大歌及其与九龙村的关系;挖掘研究的可行性;分析A幼儿园侗族大歌音乐教学活动存在问题及其原因。第三章是行动研究的实施阶段,在前期准备的基础上,首先进行方案的设计,包括对活动目标、内容、组织方式以及组织环节的设计;在方案设计的基础上,按照声音大歌、儿童大歌以及礼俗大歌三种大歌类型,以主题单元的形式开展侗族大歌音乐教学活动,以呈现完整的行动研究过程。第四章是研究结果的讨论与分析。从幼儿、合作教师与笔者三方的成长论述了侗族大歌应用于A幼儿园音乐教学活动是有效的;并对幼儿园侗族大歌音乐教学活动所受诸多因素的影响进行分析。第五章是结论与建议。通过分析得出研究的结论;为了促进侗族大歌在幼儿园音乐教学活动中的应用,对教师、幼儿园以及政府部门提出了相关意见,并针对本研究的不足做了分析。

【Abstract】 Kam Grand Choirs,a favorite gem in the art of folk songs,is the most important non-material culturalheritage in China or even the world,is also a part of the life of the Dong people and a collection of thousands of years of the Dong people wisdom.Carrying out Kam Grand Choirs music teaching activities in kindergarten has important meaning for child to promote physical and mental development harmoniously.The research object of the study is the Top Class of Jiulong Village A Kindergarten,observational method,document analysis method,interviewing method are used to the application research of Kam Grand Choirs for Music Teaching Activities in Kindergarten.Specifically,there are 5 chapters in this paper.In the first chapter, it is the research overview, including the causes of the selection, objective and significance, concept definition, domestic and international research reviews, and meanings of the research.In the second chapter, it is the preparation stage of the research plan. The primary mission are realizing the relationship of Kam Grand Choirs and Jiulong village, excavating the feasibility of this research, and analysing problems and reasons of Kam Grand Choirs musical activity in A kindergarten.In the third chapter, it is the implementation phase,on the basis of previous preparation,processing the design of the plan,including the design of moving target,activity content,the mode of activity and organizational process.Carrying out the action research on the basis of project design,according to sound chorus,children chorus and austom chorus for carrying out musical activity in the form of thematic unit.In the fourth chapter, it is the discussion and analysis of the research results according to children’s achievements and teachers’ gains to prove the feasibility and effectiveness of the research.In the fifth chapter, the conclusion is drawn and suggestions are given. According to the analysis,we can draw conclusions.To promote the application of Kam Grand Choirs musical activities in kindergarten,there are also raising some suggestions about teachers,kindergarten and govenment for Kam Grand Choirs musical activities.The last part of the research analyses some insufficient of this study.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 湖南师范大学
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