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初中地理中的气候知识教学研究

【作者】 耿冬晓

【导师】 袁孝亭;

【作者基本信息】 东北师范大学, 课程与教学论, 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 气候知识是初中地理教学内容的重要组成部分。初中气候知识包括气候特征、气候分布、气候影响、气候变化等,在学生地理技能的提升和地理观点的培养方面具有独特的价值。同时,气候知识还格外受到教师及命题人的重视。因此,有必要对初中地理教材中气候知识的内容进行研究,指导教师更好的把握教材,提高地理素养培养的针对性与实际效果。从这个意义上看,初中气候知识及其教学研究是中学地理教学研究中的重要课题。本文在结构上,由引言、正文、结论三部分组成,具体情况如下:第一部分是引言,包括研究缘起、研究内容、研究综述等内容。首先本文论述了研究背景:气候知识是初中地理的核心内容,气候知识蕴含重要的教学价值,对气候知识的教学缺乏理论的研究。之后,笔者提出本文研究的理论意义和实践价值,阐述了本文的研究目标以及研究过程中所采用的研究方法与实施步骤。通过气候分布文献综述、气候特征教学文献综述和气候影响研究综述对气候知识的研究现状和初中气候教学现状进行研究,发现初中气候知识教学中的不足之处。正文部分是第二部分,包括初中阶段气候知识内容的构成与分析、初中气候知识的教学要点分析、初中气候知识的教学案例分析三章。第一章以知识结构的角度和初中教材中关于气候知识内容的分布为依据,确定本文主要从“气候分布”、“气候特征”和“气候影响”三方面进行深入分析。从培养学生思维能力方面、培养学生的核心学科能力方面、学生地理观点的培养方面分析其教学价值。第二章:结合地理学家的文章及观点梳理各部分气候内容的内在逻辑脉络,分析出各部分内容教学时的教学要点,强调教学关键点。为下一部分的案例分析提供依据。第三章是气候教学的教学案例分析。从全国优质课中精选了“气温的分布”和“地区的气候差异”作为教学案例,依据气候知识教学时应遵循的要领对其进行分析,从中发现实际教学中问题与经验,提出针对性的改进建议。最后是结论与建议,对本文的整体思路进行归纳总结,结合现状为今后的研究方向提出展望。

【Abstract】 Climate knowledge is an important part of geography teaching in junior middle school. Climate knowledge in junior high school, including climate characteristics, climate distribution, climate change, climate change, etc., has a unique value in the promotion of students’ geographical skills and geographical perspectives. At the same time, the climate knowledge is especially valued by teachers and the proposition people. Therefore, it is necessary to study the contents of the geography textbooks in junior high school, to guide teachers to better grasp the teaching materials, improve the pertinence and the actual effect of geographic literacy training. In this sense, junior high school climate knowledge and its teaching research is an important topic in middle school geography teaching research.This paper is composed of three parts:the introduction, the text and the conclusion:The first part is the introduction, including research origin, research content, research summary and so on. First of all, this paper discusses the research background:climate knowledge is the core content of junior high school geography, climate knowledge contains important teaching value, the lack of theoretical research on climate knowledge. After that, the author puts forward the theoretical significance and practical value of this paper, expounds the research objectives and the research methods and implementation steps used in this paper. The climatic distribution of literature review, climatic characteristics of teaching literature review and climate research progress of the influence of knowledge of climate research status and climate of junior high school teaching situation of found deficiencies in climate knowledge teaching of junior high school.The main body of the text is the second part, including the composition and analysis of the climate knowledge content in the junior middle school stage, the main points of the teaching of the junior high school climate knowledge, the teaching case analysis of the junior high school climate knowledge in the three chapter. The first chapter in the knowledge structure of the angle and the junior middle school Chinese textbooks on climate knowledge content distribution as the basis to determine the main from the "climate distribution," climate "and" climate change "three aspects carries on the thorough analysis. The teaching value is analyzed from the aspects of cultivating students’ thinking ability, cultivating students’ core competence and the cultivation of students’ geographical perspectives. The second chapter: combined with the geography of the article and point of view to sort out the internal logic of the contents of the contents of the climate, the analysis of the contents of the contents of the teaching points, emphasizing the key points of teaching. Provide the basis for the next part of the case analysis. The third chapter is the teaching case analysis of climate teaching. From the national quality course featured a "temperature distribution" and "regional climate differences" as a teaching case, according to climate, knowledge of teaching should follow the essentials to carry on the analysis, the found problems and experience in the teaching practice, put forward suggestions for improvement.The last is the conclusion and suggestions, the overall idea of this paper is summarized, combined with the current situation for the future research direction.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 东北师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.55
  • 【下载频次】113
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