【作者基本信息】 东北师范大学， 课程与教学论， 2017， 硕士
【摘要】 目前,伴随着高中教育教学课程改革的进行,我国正在实行“一纲多本”的教科书编制体制。在选择教科书时,其难度是衡量教科书质量的一个重要指标。因此,对教科书难度的比较研究可为学校、教师选择教科书提供一定的参考依据。通过广泛搜集文献并阅读发现,史宁中等构建的教科书难度定量模型N=a S/T+(1-a)G/T,可以较为科学、理性、有效地衡量教科书的难易水平。这一模型在数学、物理、化学等学科得到广泛认可和肯定,并被广泛运用于其教科书难度的研究当中。但到目前为止还很少有以此模型为依据对我国四种版本高中地理教科书进行难度比较研究的。本文将以此模型为依据,以我国四种版本高中地理教科书为研究对象,其中以四种版本教科书的必修1一册为例,从地理教科书深度、地理教科书广度和地理教科书时间等三方面分别进行统计并定量分析,从而计算得出四种版本高中地理必修1的地理教科书难度值并进行比较分析。同时以《高中地理课程标准》为参考依据,比较四种版本教科书与其吻合程度及对地理教科书难度最佳值进行分析。研究发现：1.从地理教科书难度的角度来看,《高中地理课程标准》的地理教科书难度最低,与理想状态下的应然状态相符,其次是中图版、湘教版、人教版和鲁教版。其中人教版和湘教版的地理教科书深度值和广度值较大,但地理教科书时间值较小,因此难度适中。而鲁教版的地理教科书深度值和广度值较小,但其地理教科书时间值也小,因此其地理教科书难度最大。2.从四种版本高中地理教科书与《高中地理课程标准》的吻合程度来看,四种版本教科书都较好地体现了《高中地理课程标准》的要求。其中中图版与《高中地理课程标准》的吻合度最高,而鲁教版的吻合度最低。3.从地理教科书难度参数最佳值分析,目前人教版、湘教版和中图版的教科书深度值远超出《高中地理课程标准》对其地理教科书深度的要求,而鲁教版的地理教科书深度值相对较低。从地理教科书广度来看,人教版和湘教版的教科书广度值远超出《高中地理课程标准》对其地理教科书广度的要求,而中图版、鲁教版的教科书广度值相对较低。从地理教科书时间来看,目前我国四种版本教科书的教科书时间值都远小于其应有的课时时数,尤其是人教版和鲁教版。2017年高考改革即将到来,《高中地理课程标准》的进一步修订将会成为地理教科书的指向标。本文将四种版本高中地理教科书的难度进行比较,希望能对高中地理教科书的重新修订提供一定的可行性意见和建议,对教师教育教学提供相应参考。
【Abstract】 Currently, along with the teaching curriculum reform in Senior High School, China is the implementation of the materials preparation system of "One Standard, Multiple Teaching Materials". When selecting materials, the difficulty of teaching materials is an important indicator of the quality of teaching. Therefore, the comparative study of textbooks’difficulty can provide a reference to select materials for schools and teachers.Through extensive finding and reading literature, I found that the teaching difficulty static model N= a S/T+G/T (1-a) builded by Shi Ningzhong can measure to the difficulty of the teaching material more scientifically, rationally and effectively. This model in mathematics, physics, chemistry and other disciplines has been widely recognized and affirmed, and is widely used to study the difficulty of materials. But very few people is based on this model to study four versions of high school geography textbooks’difficulty so far.This paper will use this model as the basis, take the four versions of high school geography textbooks in our country as the research object, taking the four versions of textbooks as the required 1 of a book as an example to study such as statistics and quantitative analysis separately from the teaching depth, teaching breadth and teaching time as three aspects. Calculate the teaching difficulty of four version of high school geography compulsory 1 and comparative analysis. At the same time regard "High School Geography Curriculum Standards" as a reference to compare compulsory four versions 1 and its optimum value of the degree of fit and materials analysis difficult. From this study we can find that:1. From the perspective of textbook difficulty, the difficulty of the "High School Geography Curriculum Standards" is the lowest. This is fit for the ideal state. Then China Map Press, HuNan Education Press, People’s Education Press and ShanDong Education Press. Among them, the value of textbook depth and breadth of People’s Education Press and Hunan Education Edition is larger, but their time value is smaller, so their difficulty is moderate. While the value of textbook depth and breadth of Lu Jiao version is smaller, but their time value is smaller also, so its difficulty is the most.2. From the four versions of high school geography textbooks and the "High School Geography Curriculum Standards" goodness of fit, four versions of textbooks are well reflected the request of "New Curriculum Standard". Especially China Map Press, it with the "High School Geography Curriculum Standards" of the agreement are the highest. But ShanDong Education Press is consistent with the lowest degree.3. From the perspective of the teaching material difficulty parameter optimal values, we can find that now the value of depth of the textbooks of People’s Education Press, HuNan Education Press and China Map Pressare far beyond of the "High School Geography Curriculum Standards" while the value of depth of ShanDong Education Press is relatively low. From the textbooks breadth data indicated that thw value of the breadth of People’s Education Press and HuNan Education Press are far beyond of the "High School Geography Curriculum Standards". While China Map Press and ShanDong Education Press are lower. From the textbooks time data shows that at present our country the value of time of four version high school geography textbooks are all far less than it should be, especially People’s Education Press and ShanDong Education Press.The college entrance examination reform will coming in 2017, "new geography curriculum standards" further revisions will be a beacon of geography textbook, this paper will choose the difficulty of four version high school geography textbooks to compare, hope to provide certain feasibility of high school geography textbook revision opinion and the suggestion, provide reference for teachers’ education teaching.
【Key words】 Four version； Geography of high school； Compare the difficulty of textbooks； Quantitative research；
- 【网络出版投稿人】 东北师范大学