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中学农业地理知识的教学路径与优化策略研究

【作者】 李涛

【导师】 袁孝亭;

【作者基本信息】 东北师范大学, 课程与教学论, 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 农业地理知识是中学地理课程的重要组成部分,农业地理知识在中学人文地理课程与区域地理课程中都占据着重要地位,中学农业地理知识的教学质量直接影响人文地理与区域地理课程目标的实现。农业地理知识中蕴含着丰富的地理学思想,农业地理知识的教学质量也关系到地理核心素养的养成。因此,归纳中学农业地理知识教学的教学路径、调查中学农业地理知识的教学现状并为农业地理知识教学提出优化策略是中学地理教学研究的重要课题。本文在结构上由七部分构成。第一部分是引言,从农业地理知识在中学地理教学中的地位、农业地理知识对于培养地理核心素养的意义、对于地理思想教育的作用以及中学农业地理知识的教学现状四方面阐述本论文的研究背景,提出本研究的理论价值与现实意义、确立研究目标以及研究过程中所采用的研究方法与实施步骤。第二部分是文献综述,以理论研究和教学设计两个视角分析中学农业地理知识教学研究现状。概括现阶段中学农业地理知识教学研究的特点,发现中学农业地理知识教学研究的不足,确立中学农业地理知识教学研究的起点。第三部分是中学农业地理知识构成分析及教学要求,梳理初高中地理教材中农业地理知识的构成,对中学地理课程标准中关于农业地理知识的课程标准进行解读,明确中学农业地理知识的教学要求。第四部分是农业地理知识的教学路径归纳,以地理学、教育学与心理学理论为基础,分别为中学农业地理知识的三大组块:农业区位因素、农业地域类型与区域农业发展归纳教学路径。第五部分是中学农业地理知识教学的现状调查,通过测试了解学生农业区位因素、农业地域类型与区域农业发展三方面知识学习情况,通过课堂实录调查教师进行农业地理知识教学的特点,调查中学农业地理知识的教学现状,探讨农业地理知识教学存在的问题。第六部分是中学农业地理知识教学的优化策略。依据中学农业地理的教学路径,结合现状调查所发现的教学问题,运用地理学、教育学与心理学理论,借鉴优秀一线中学地理教师的做法,提出优化中学农业地理知识教学的具体策略。最后是结论与建议部分。本部分归纳总结本论文的主要观点,并指出论文研究的不足之处。

【Abstract】 The agriculture geographical knowledge is an important part of geographical course of middle school. The agriculture geographical knowledge occupies an important position in human geography curriculum and regional geography curriculum. The quality of agriculture geographical knowledge teaching directly affects the achievement of the curriculum objectives of human geography and regional geography in middle school. The agriculture geographical knowledge contains plenty of geographical thoughts. The quality of agriculture geographical knowledge teaching also affects the cultivation of geographic core literacy. Therefore, it would be an important subject to induce the path of agriculture geographical knowledge teaching, investigate the current situation of the agriculture geographical knowledge’s teaching and propose the optimizing strategies of the agriculture geographical knowledge’s teaching in middle school.The paper is composed of seven parts in the structure.The first part is the introduction which describes of the research background from four aspects:the status of agriculture geographical knowledge, the significance of agriculture geographical knowledge in cultivating geographic core literacy, the role of agriculture geographical knowledge in geographical thoughts teaching and the current situation of the agriculture geographical knowledge’s teaching. The introduction presents targets of the research, methods of the research and procedure of the research and points out the theoretical value and practical significance of the research.The second part is the literature review which analyses the current situation of the agriculture geographical knowledge’s teaching in middle school from two perspectives:theory study and teaching design. This part concludes the research characteristics of the agriculture geographical knowledge’s teaching and analyses the shortcomings in the research of the agriculture geographical knowledge’s teaching at the present stage. The literature review determines the beginning of the research.The third part analyses the composition and teaching requirements of agriculture geographical knowledge in middle school. Through the interpretation of curriculum standards related to agriculture geographical knowledge, and further clarify the main points of teaching requirements of agriculture geographical knowledge in middle school.The fourth part proposes the teaching route of the agriculture geographical knowledge on the basis of the Geographic Theory、Psychological Theory and Educational theory。The teaching route of the agriculture geographical knowledge is formed by three parts:teaching route of agricultural location factors, teaching route of agricultural region type and teaching route of regional agriculture development.The fifth part investigates the current situation of the agriculture geographical knowledge’s teaching by testing students’ learning situation and surveying teaches’ teaching videos in three aspects: agricultural location factors, agricultural region type and regional agriculture development. The investigation analyzes the present situation of the agriculture geographical knowledge’s teaching and explored some problems discovered in the investigation.The sixth part proposes the optimizing strategies of the agriculture geographical knowledge’s teaching in middle school on the basis of teaching route of the agriculture geographical knowledge, investigation on the current situation of the agriculture geographical knowledge’s teaching, the theory pedagogy, psychology and geography, use the experience of geography teachers’ practices for reference.The last part summarizes the main points of this research. The conclusion also designates the limitations of this research.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 东北师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.55
  • 【下载频次】149
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