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学生思想政治教育主体研究

【作者】 张小秋

【导师】 王立仁;

【作者基本信息】 东北师范大学, 思想政治教育, 2017, 博士

【摘要】 学生思想政治教育主体是学生思想政治教育过程中最基本的构成要素,是学生思想政治教育能够开展的前提。对学生思想政治教育主体进行综合系统的研究是完善学生思想政治教育理论的关键步骤,也是推动学生思想政治教育主体建设的必然选择。本文在明晰学生思想政治教育主体意义基础上,全面的把握学生思想政治教育主体的角色,明确学生思想政治教育主体的素质结构,认清学生思想政治教育主体发展的现状,找出当前学生思想政治教育主体存在的主要问题,并且提出学生思想政治教育主体建设的具体构想,这是本文研究的基本思路亦是主要步骤。具体而言,本文主要围绕以下五个方面展开研究:第一章学生思想政治教育主体的意义探究。这部分既是文章研究的逻辑起点,也是全文研究的理论基础。本章首先讨论的是学生思想政治教育主体的归属问题即学生思想政治教育主体“是什么”的问题。在经历对相关概念追本溯源的解读以及排除众异之后,我们厘清思维并将教育者定位为学生思想政治教育的主体。将教育者定义为学生思想政治教育的主体有着特定的语境:在学生思想政治教育实施的过程中即教育者施教的过程中。因此,本文不存在否认学生的能动性的问题,并且在整个研究中始终强调和重视学生主体性的发挥。在明确了主体的归属之后,本章还对学生思想政治教育主体的内涵与特点、地位与价值进行了全面的阐释和概括。第二章学生思想政治教育主体的角色定位。这部分是文章研究的重要环节,因为明确角色既能够让外界清晰的认识到学生思想政治教育主体的重要性,也能够增强学生思想政治教育主体自身的责任意识和使命意识。本章首先阐述了对学生思想政治教育主体进行角色定位的必要性,继而对以往在学生思想政治教育主体角色定位中存在的偏差进行全面阐释,即说明现象、分析原因及总结危害。最后从宏观和微观两个视角对学生思想政治教育主体的角色进行了分别的解读。第三章学生思想政治教育主体的素质结构。这部分是文章研究的核心内容,具备全方位的素质是成为学生思想政治教育主体的必要条件,明确学生思想政治教育主体的素质结构会为我们从这些方面着手来强化和提升他们的整体素质做好铺垫。本章首先从多个方面阐述了学生思想政治教育主体素质结构的确立的依据,然后遵从这些依据把学生思想政治教育主体的素质概括为政治素质、思想素质、知识素质、情感素质、道德素质、能力素质、身心素质七个主要范畴,并逐一对这些范畴的内涵、特征、内容与结构予以解读。此外,还对学生思想政治教育主体各项素质范畴之间的的结构与关联予以剖析。第四章学生思想政治教育主体发展的现状检视。这部分是文章研究的重点内容,因为只有认清实际,才能够立足于实际,谋求更好的发展。本章对学生思想政治教育主体的发展现状进行了全面的把握,一方面,对当前在学生思想政治教育主体发展中取得的成绩进行了总结。另一方面,对当前学生思想政治教育主体存在的问题进行了探究。最后在基于现实问题基础上进行了归因与反思。第五章学生思想政治教育主体建设的整体构想。这部分是文章研究的关键内容,更是在前面研究内容基础上的升华。本章首先从把握发展走向和明确建设思路两个方面说明了加强学生思想政治教育主体建设的具体要求。然后提出了实现学生思想政治教育主体建设的基本路径,主要包括培养培训的一体化、制度规范的完善化、体制机制的健全化、教育培植的自主化四个维度。最后强调要提倡对学生思想政治教育主体的人文关怀,即要注意实现他们义务与权利相互对等、满足他们源自人性的正当需求及关照他们精神世界的成长发展。

【Abstract】 The subject of students’ ideological and political education is most basic elements in the process of students’ ideological and political education, is the precondition of students’ ideological and political education to carry out. Comprehensive and systematic study of the subject of students’ ideological and political is a key step to improve students’ ideological and political education theory, is also the inevitable choice to promote the construction of the subject of students’ ideological and political education. In this paper, on the basis of clear sense of the subject of students’ ideological and political, comprehensive grasp of the role of the subject of students’ ideological and political, recognize the development present situation of the subject of students’ ideological and political, Find out the current main problems of the subject of students’ ideological and political, and put forward concrete ideas of the subject of students’ ideological and political construction. This is the basic thinking on research of this paper is also the main steps. Specifically, this article launches the research mainly around the following five aspects:The first chapter is to explore the significance of the subject of students’ ideological and political education. This part is not only the logical start of the article, is also the essential theoretical foundation of the full text. At first, this chapter discusses the attribution question of the subject of students’ ideological and political education, that is the problem about “what is the subject of students’ ideological and political education”. After reading of the relevant trace the origin of the concept and the removal of all the different statement, we sort of thinking and put educators positioned as the the subject of students’ ideological and political education.The educator is defined as the subject of students’ ideological and political education has a specific context : in the process of implementation of the students’ ideological and political education, which is educators teaching process. In this paper, there is no problem of deny students’ initiative, and throughout the study we have always emphasize and pay attention to the students’ subjectivity.After defining the ownership of the subject, then comprehensive exposition and summarized the connotation and characteristics, status and value of the subject of students’ ideological and political education.The second chapter is the role of the subject of students ’ideological and political education. This section is an important part of the article research, because definite role can let the outside world clearly realize the importance of the subject of students’ ideological and political education, also can enhance the subject of students ’ideological and political education’s responsibility consciousness and sense of mission. This chapter first describes the necessity of the role of the subject of students’ ideological and political education, and then comprehensive interpretation of the previous location deviation, that description of the phenomenon, analyze the causes and summarizes the harm. At last, both from a macro and micro perspective to interpret the role of the subject of students’ ideological and political education.The third chapter is the quality structure of the subject of students’ ideological and political education. This section is a core content of the article research, with a full range of quality is necessary conditions to be the subject of students’ ideological and political education,clear the quality structure of the subject of students’ ideological and political education can pave the way for us to strengthen these aspects and improve their overall quality. At first, this chapter expounds the established on the basis of the quality structure of the subject of students’ ideological and political education in many ways, then follow these basis summarized the quality structure of the subject of students’ ideological and political education as seven key areas, including political quality, ideological quality, knowledge quality, emotional quality, moral quality, ability quality, physical and mental quality, then interpretation of these areas connotation, features, content and structure one by one. Moreover, analyzed the the structure and correlation between the various qualities.The fourth chapter is about the present situation of the subject of students’ ideological and political education. This part is the key content of the article studies, because only recognize reality, can only be based on reality, seek better development. This chapter comprehensive grasp on the current situation on the development of the subject of students’ ideological and political education.On the one hand, to summarize the subject of students’ ideological and political education achievements of the development in current.On the other hand,to explore the existing problems of the subject of students’ ideological and political education. At last, attribution and reflection carried out on the basis of reality-based problems.The fifth chapter is the overall vision of building about the subject of students’ ideological and political education.This part is the crucial content of the article, but it is sublimation based on the former research content. This chapter firstly illustrates the specific request to strengthen the construction of the subject of students’ ideological and political education from two aspects, that’s development trend and clear construction. And then put forward the basic path of the construction about the subject of students’ ideological and political education,main including integration of culture training, improve the system of rules, improve institutional mechanisms, independent of education to cultivate. Finally, advocate humane care of the subject of students’ ideological and political education,note that to achieve their mutual obligations and rights Peer, satisfy their legitimate demand from humanity and take care of the growth and development of their spiritual world.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 东北师范大学
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