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初中语文科普文教学研究 ——以人教版与鄂教版教材为例

【作者】 杨鑫

【导师】 傅玥;

【作者基本信息】 华中师范大学, 学科教学·语文, 2017, 硕士

【副题名】以人教版与鄂教版教材为例

【摘要】 21世纪是一个科技快速发展的时代,也是一个世界各国人才竞争求发展的时代,良好科学素养的公民是人才培养的群众基础,也是国家综合实力持续发展的动力。公民科学素养提升的方式有很多,阅读科普作品便是其中之一。科学素养需要提升的人有很多,青少年时期在学校学习的学生是其中的一部分。青少年时期正是人生观、世界观形成的重要阶段,初中学生通过理化生科目学习科学知识的同时,不应该忽视语文课程中科普文的学习,科普文用趣味丰富、生动形象的语言解释科学知识,介绍科学方法,同时给学生以科学精神的熏陶。然而在语文的实际教学中,科普文的教学却处在教学不当,甚至是被忽视的状态,这非常不利于学生科学素养的培养。为什么会产生这种状况,笔者通过对部分版本语文教材和学生反馈问卷的分析,探究科普文在教材编写和教学方面的问题,并提出建议。本文由以下几个部分组成:第一部分,明确科普文的概念、分类及发展原因,明确科学素养的构成,来正确认识语文科普文教学与科学素养培养之间的关系。第二部分,以鄂教版和人教版语文教材中科普文为对象进行梳理,明确两个版本教材中科普文选编内容及选编存在问题。第三部分,通过问卷调查,初步了解科普文的教学现状,以及学生科学素养情况,结合教材状况,来分析科普文教学存在的问题。第四部分,结合科普文教学现状与教材的分析,从教师、学生、教学内容三个方面对科普文教学提出建议。以期更有效的科普文教学,帮助学生提升科学素养。

【Abstract】 In the 21 th century with fast developing technology, talents in various countries are facing fierce competition during personal development. The overall science literacy in the society creates a positive environment for talent cultivation and drives the continuous enhancement of the country’s comprehensive strength. There are a variety of methods to improve the national level of science literacy, one of which is the reading of scientific literature. It is necessary for a large number of people to improve their science literacy, including teenagers who are attending school. Adolescence is an important period developing life philosophy and worldview. In addition to the scientific knowledge in physics, chemistry and biology, scientific essays included in the course of Chinese, which illustrate scientific knowledge and methods in a vivid, figurative way, should also be paid enough attention to. Nonetheless, in the actual practice of Chinese education, scientific essays are not taught properly, or even being ignored. This hinders effective acquisition of scientific knowledge. Based on the analysis of different versions of Chinese textbooks and the questionnaires filled out by students, this paper explores and reflects on existing problems in the compilation of textbook and in the teaching process.The paper is divided into four sections.Section One deals with the definition, classification and development of scientific essays, as well as the composition of science literacy, and offers a proper understanding of the relationship between the teaching of scientific essays and the development of science literacy.Section Two combs through scientific essays included in the textbooks published by People’s and Hubei Education Press and identifies the problems in scientific essay selection of the two versions.Section Three provides a basic knowledge of current situation of scientific essays and students’ science literacy through questionnaire survey, and analyzes existing problems in scientific essay teaching based on the content of the textbooks.Section Four reflects on scientific essay teaching from the perspective of teacher, student and teaching contents to facilitate more effective teaching of scientific essays and to help students improve their science literacy.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华中师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.3
  • 【下载频次】199
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