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中学科普活动现状调查研究 ——以湖北省蔡甸区和咸安区为例

【作者】 孙玉坤

【导师】 左明章;

【作者基本信息】 华中师范大学, 学科教学(历史), 2017, 硕士

【副题名】以湖北省蔡甸区和咸安区为例

【摘要】 为了了解当前中学生科普活动现状,论文以咸安区和蔡甸区的中学生和学校为主要调查对象,通过调查数据,描述当前初中生科普学习和科普活动的现状,并立足于现状,通过对国内外科普活动开展状况的研究,分析制约初中生科学活动水平的因素,然后根据描述和分析,为提高初中生科学素养、搞好中学科普活动提供实践性建议。论文主要采取定量和定性相结合的方法,分别从学生和学校两个角度进行调查分析,并在调查中做一些针对性的访谈,以提高数据和结果的科学性。论文共分为六个部分,第一部分介绍研究的背景、目的、意义、研究思路以及相关概念;第二部分对国外和国内中学生参与科普活动现状进行研究和分析,找到国内外科学活动研究重心的差异,发现国内科普活动水平近些年来有很大改观,但是仍有很多方面有待提高;第三部分介绍咸安区和蔡甸区中学生参加科普活动现状的调查。调查主要围绕三个一级指标:科普参与态度和行为、人际环境、科普资源条件。然后从科普学习习惯、科普活动参与经历、参与的动机和满足程度、对待科普活动的态度、科普教育活动类型偏好和人际环境这六个方面对学生的调查结果进行分析。第四部分是对学校开展科普活动状况的调查结果进行分析。主要从科普活动资源、科普教育活动规划与设计、社会科普资源的开发与利用、学校和教师对科普活动的态度这四个方面进行分析。第五部分是通过论文对初中生参与科普活动的现状调查的分析,发现学校在科普教育活动中“只说不做”、学生和家庭科普教育行为现状堪忧、社会科普资源开发开发利用不足等问题。并根据分析的结果和发现的问题从学校、家庭和学生、社会等三个方面提出具有针对性的实践性建议。第六部分是对整个调查进行总结、反思和展望。

【Abstract】 In order to understand the current situation of science education activities in middle school, this paper takes Xianan district’s and Caidian district’s middle schools and their students as the research objects, through the survey datas, and describes the current middle schools’ science education activities. And based on the present situation and the study about science education activities both at home and abroad, this paper analyzes the factors restricting scientific activities. Then based on the description and analysis, it provides practical advices in favor of improving the middle schools’ science education activities. This article mainly uses the combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, respectively from the viewpoints of both students and schools investigated, and do some targeted interviews in investigation, toensure the scientific nature of the datas and results.This paper is divided into six parts. The first part introduces the research background, purpose, significance, research ideas and related concepts. The second part tells the study and analysis about the present situation of domestic and foreign science education activities, and find differences in scientific activities between home and abroad, found that the domestic science activity levels in recent years there being a big change, but still many aspects to be improved. The third part says the investigation of Xianan’s and Caidian’s middle schools’ students taking part in science education activities. Research mainly revolves around three indicators: participate in attitude and behavior, interpersonal environment, science resource conditions, then from learning habits, participation experience, participation motivation and satisfaction, attitudes, activity type preferences and interpersonal environment to analyze the results of the investigation. The fourth part from resources, activity planning and design, development and utilization of social resources, schools and teachers’ attitude and so on analyzes the investigation results of schools carrying out the science activities. Through the analysis of investigation, the fifth part finds many problems, such as junior middle school students lack of enthusiasm, lack of professional science teachers, ways to part in actives single, the role of the family not obvious, lack of funding and so on. And according to the analysis, this part puts forward some corresponding practical suggestions from the school, family and students, social. The sixth part is the summary, reflection and prospect.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华中师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.98
  • 【下载频次】108
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