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基于探究学习的课外科学活动设计研究

【作者】 许静亚

【导师】 刘家武; 李佳; 黄凯;

【作者基本信息】 华中师范大学, 教育硕士(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 科学学习是提高学生科学素养的源泉,探究学习则被认为是有效学习科学的方式。各国都重视并提倡学习方式的转变,但一直以来学习方式从传统接受式为主转向探究式为主的步伐比较缓慢。80年代后,活动课程大致经历了课外活动、活动课、综合实践活动三个阶段,近年来综合实践活动快速发展。随着“综合实践活动”课程的发展,人们对课外活动的重视程度有所降低,但是课外活动对于校园文化建设、学生德、智、体等方面的发展具有其特殊的作用,相对于学校正规课程而言,课外活动不受时间和空间的限制,具有时空灵活性,所以课外活动其自身的作用与价值是不容忽视的。针对以上问题,本文提出基于探究学习的课外科学活动,那么如何设计该类活动,以引导学生转变科学学习的方式,以促进学生思维的发展?首先,本论文探讨了基于探究学习的课外科学活动的意义,通过文献研究梳理了国内外关于探究学习、课外科学活动的研究现状;其次,笔者对探究学习、认知发展阶段理论等进行了分析,梳理了相关概念,并结合相关理论和概念对“基于探究学习的课外科学活动”进行了概念界定;再次,采取问卷调查的形式调查了课外科学活动的实施情况、学生对课外科学活动的态度、意愿和期望,为基于探究学习的课外科学活动的设计提供一定的建议:最后讨论了基于探究学习的课外科学活动的设计,并通过以“水污染”为主题的课外科学探究活动的具体实施进行了验证。通过以上研究,笔者在论文结尾得出了相应的论并且结合论文研究提出了一定的建议。遂希望通过本研究能为探究式课外科学活动的成功开展提供一定程度的参考。

【Abstract】 Science learning is the source to improve students’ scientific literacy, inquiry-based learning is considered as an effective way of science learning. Countries are all attaching importance to the transforming of the learning way and advocating it, but the transforming pace of learning type from traditional receptive learning to inquiry-based learning is rather slow. After 1980s, activity curriculum has gone through extra-curricular activities, activity curriculum, comprehensive practical activities in three stages, the last one developed rapidly in recent years. With the development of "Comprehensive Practical Activities", people attches less importance to the extra-curricular activities than ever before. However, extra-curricular activities have a special role to the development of the campus culture, students’ moral, intellectual, physical and other aspects. Relatively speaking, extra-curricular activities is not limited in time and space, it is flexible, its own role and value can not be ignored. Aming at the problems above, this paper presents the extracurricular scientific activities based on inquiry learning, so how to desgin activities of this type to conduct students for changing learning style, to promote the development of students’ thinking.Firstly, this paper discussed the meaning of extracurricular scientific activities based inquiry learning, listed the research status on inquiry-based learning and extra-curricular science activities throgh literature research;Secondly, this paper analyzed the related theory, such as inquiry-based learning, cognitive development theory, listed the related concepts, and presented the "extra-curricular scientific activities based on inquiry learning" concept based on related theories and concepts;Thirdly, invistigated the implementation situation of the scientific activities, student attitudes wishes and expectations towards extracurricular scientific activities through questionnaires, provide some suggestions for the design of extracurricular scientific activities based on inquiry learning. Lastly, the author discussed the design of the extracurricular scientific activities based on inquiry learning, and through the extracurricular scientific activities themed "water contamination" verified the result.Based on the research aboved, at the end of the paper, the author obtained the corresponding theory and offered some sugestions. The author hope that this research can provide reference for sucessfully developing extracurricular scientific activities

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华中师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.98
  • 【下载频次】98
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