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校园鸟类行为科普作品的设计与创作

【作者】 杨遍

【导师】 郑旭东;

【作者基本信息】 华中师范大学, 科学与技术教育, 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 引进版科普图书因其原创性和人文关怀长期占据各大书城畅销榜榜首,如何提升国内科普图书的原创水平成为亟待解决的问题。微视频因其胆小精悍、适于互联网传播的特点,受到青睐,并迅速进入科普和教育领域。本论文以鸟类繁殖行为为切入点,以校园常见鸟种为对象,试图将科普图书与微视频相结合,建构图册内容设计框架和微视频教学设计模式,将之作为图册内容设计和微视频制作的框架指南,以期将传统纸质媒介与新媒介相融合,让教育与科普互促互进。论文分为三个部分,第一部分是校园鸟种调查。采用样线调查的方法,记录所观察到的鸟种名称、数量、地点和行为姿态。对搜集到的数据进行统计分析,选择占比最大的七种鸟作为目标鸟种。规定某鸟种在某地点出现的数量最多,则将该地点作为该鸟种的最佳观察点。这一部分是实地调查,目的是确定图册和微视频需要描述的对象以及获取视频素材的地点。第二部分是图册内容设计。首先,基于数据、信息、知识和智慧的视角分析了引进版图书和国内原创图书之间的差距,认为国内图书只是数据和信息的堆积,侧重于科学知识的传播,而缺乏价值理性和人文关怀,更不能培养儿童的科学思维和探索精神。其次,分析了“转识成智”的可能性以及推动知识向智慧升华的具体策略。最后,构建了推动数据、信息、知识、智慧向上流动的框架,并用此框架指导《华师校园鸟》图册内容设计。第三部分是微视频制作。分析了微视频的概念、特点及作为教育资源的可行性。微视频既然作为教育资源,就应当具备教学目标、教学内容、教学媒体、教学反馈等多种教育元素,也就应当在制作之初,对这些元素进行合理有序的规划和安排,这就是教学设计。当然,基于微视频的教学设计有它独特的特点,本论文在分析这些特点的基础之上,参考建构主义的教学设计模式,构建了微视频教学设计模式,并用此模式指导《鸟巢》及《校园有鸟初长成》微视频的制作。本论文属于实践类研究,借助图册和微视频的形式传播鸟类繁殖行为相关知识,并构建了图册内容设计框架和微视频教学设计模式。相信本论文对今后科普图册的编撰及科普微视频的制作有一定的借鉴意义。

【Abstract】 Introduced science book always occupies the forefront of bestsellers for its originality and humane care. How to improve the original level of domestic science book becomes a serious problem. Micro-video finds favor with public because it has the characteristics of timidity and adapting to spread on the internet. Thus, it enters the field of science communication and education quickly. Thesis regards the behavior of breeding birds as a starting point and the common birds in campus as targets, tries to combine science books with micro-video, constructs the frameworks of content of albums and the mode of instructional design of micro-video, serves them as manual to content designing of illustrated books and to production of micro-video, Expecting integrate traditional paper-based media with new media, making education and science communication prompted by each other.Thesis is divided into three parts. The first one is bird survey in campus. I record the name, quantity, location, attitude and behavior of birds that I have found with the help of the method of line transect. Then, I use statistical methods analyze collected data, selecting the largest proportion of seven birds as the target bird species. If a bird often appears in a specific place, this location is the best observation point of the bird. This section is the field surveys, to determine the described object in books and micro-video and the location to get video clips.The second one is designing the content of albums. First, I analyze the gap between domestic and imported books from the perspective of data, information, knowledge and wisdom. I think domestic books are the accumulation of data and information, focusing on dissemination of scientific knowledge, lacked of value rationality and humane care. Thus, it cannot cultivate the spirit of exploration and scientific thinking of the child. Second, I analyze the possibility of turning knowledge into wisdom and the specific strategies that prompt knowledge sublimated into wisdom. Last, I construct a framework that prompt sublimation between data, information, knowledge and wisdom.The third is producing micro-video. I analyze the concept and characteristics of micro-video and the feasibility as an education resource. Since the micro-video is the educational resource, it should have a variety of educational elements of the teaching objectives, teaching content, teaching media, teaching feedback. We should organize these elements reasonably and orderly before production. This is the instructional design. Of course, based on the unique characteristics of instructional design of micro-video, this paper constructs the mode of instructional design of micro-video with reference models of instructional design of constructivist. Then, I use this model direct the production of "nest" and "breeding birds".This paper belongs to practical classes’ research. Thesis spreads knowledge of reproductive behavior of birds with the form of micro-video and album and constructs framework of content designing of album and models of instructional design of micro-video. I believe that this thesis will help the written of science books and production of micro-video in the future.

【关键词】 图册微视频知识四层次理论教学设计
【Key words】 albummicro-videoDIKWinstructional design

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华中师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.98
  • 【下载频次】69
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