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传统蒙学教材中的科技意识

【作者】 黄芳

【导师】 王玉德;

【作者基本信息】 华中师范大学, 学科教学(语文), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 随着传统文化的复苏,不仅掀起了学术界研究蒙学的热潮,也带动社会各界对蒙学的关注,各种蒙学经典吟诵活动和蒙学班应运而生。继第三次科技革命后,科学技术推动着人类的生活方式发生巨大的变革,也使社会经济结构和生产结构发生变化,国家之间的贫富差距变大。而科学技术作为第一生产力,是改变国家命运的重要手段,越来越受到各国的重视,我国也把科技创新摆在为实现中华民族伟大复兴的“中国梦”的重要位置。正是“蒙学热”的浪潮和科学技术的发展促使我们尝试从蒙学教材中汲取科技文化的营养。蒙学教材中包含丰富的自然科学知识和技术成就,是进行科学教育的天然“富矿”,蒙学教材中科技,本身所具有的亲切感和韵律美是实施“科教兴国”的资源优势。本文共分为六个部分:绪论部分,主要介绍课题提出的缘由,选题的意义,本文相关的文献综述,研究的创新之处和难点,概念、思路和方法。第一部分,从蒙学的定义、内容和作用三个方面界定“蒙学”的概念,介绍当代对传统蒙学教材的传承情况,把历代的科学类的蒙学教材按时间顺序梳理成表,对具有代表性的单本蒙学教材中科学知识进行量化的归类统计。第二部分和第三部分,从宏观角度,对西汉到清末的科学类的蒙学教材进行分类解析,主要分为天文、地学、数学、物理和生物五大基础科学,农学和医学两门应用科学,金属冶炼、纺织染色、机械、建筑和饮食方面五类技术科学三个方面,深入挖掘其蕴含的科学知识、科学方法和科学思想。第四部分,分析传统蒙学教材在传播科技的传播特点,主要是图文结合、朗朗上口和贴近生活三个方面,以及对当时和当代产生的社会作用与其存在的局限。第五部分,论述蒙学教材的当代价值,包括道德教育、学科教育和幼儿价值,但我们更要重视其科学教育的价值,对蒙学教材的出版和语文教材科普文的编写提出建议,针对蒙学教材普遍进入校本课程开发利用的大背景下,设计以科技角度解读《三字经》的案例教学。

【Abstract】 With the revival of traditional culture, not only set off a wave of private schools of academic research, but also led the community’s concern for private schools, a variety of activities and chanting Mongolian Classics Mongolian school classes came into being. Following the third technological revolution, science and technology to promote the human lifestyle huge change, but also the socio-economic structure and changes in the structure of production, the wealth gap between countries becomes large. The science and technology as the primary productive force is an important means to change the fate of the country, more and more national attention, China is also placed in the scientific and technological innovation to achieve the great rejuvenation of the "China Dream" in an important position. It is the development of "Rudimentary hot" wave of science and technology prompted us to try to draw nourishment from the Scientific and Technological Culture Textbooks in. Textbooks contained a wealth of knowledge of natural science and technology achievements, is a natural science education "bonanza" Textbooks in science itself has the intimacy and rhythm is the implementation of "education" of resources.This paper is divided into six parts:The introduction, the main reason introduce issues raised, the significance of the topic, literature review related to this article, innovations and difficulties, concepts, ideas and methods.The first part, from the definition of Private Schools, content and function of three aspects of the definition of "Private Schools" concept; to contemporary heritage situation Traditional Textbooks, and the science of the ages Textbooks chronologically carded list of representative the single textbooks scientific knowledge quantify classified statistics.The second and third parts, from a macro perspective of the Western Han Dynasty to the late Qing Dynasty science Textbooks are classified analysis, divided into astronomy, geography, mathematics, physics and biology of the five basic science, agronomy and medicine two applied science, metal smelting, textile dyeing, machinery, construction and food technology three aspects of science, dig its inherent scientific knowledge, scientific methods and scientific thought.The fourth part analyzes the traditional Textbooks spread in the propagation characteristics of science and technology, mainly graphic combination, rhyme and duality and close to three life terms, was confined to the role of social and contemporary produce its existence.The fifth part discusses the contemporary value of Textbooks, including moral education, discipline education and early childhood value, we should pay attention to the value of its science education, advise on Textbooks reprints and language teaching materials science text written for Textbooks universal access to school-based curriculum development and utilization backdrop, design interpretation of "Three Character Classic" case teaching is a science and technology of perspective.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华中师范大学
  • 【分类号】G629.299
  • 【下载频次】123
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