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纸材料在小学美术教学中运用研究

【作者】 乔如虹

【导师】 高细媛;

【作者基本信息】 华中师范大学, 学科教学(美术), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 美术学习离不开工具和材料的运用,材料的多样性能够丰富美术作品的表现形式,学生在美术学习中运用传统材料或新材料创造作品也体现了新课标中美术课程的实践性。纸材料广泛应用于生活的各个领域,纸张的种类十分丰富,不同的纸张本身具有不同的肌理和特性,也具有易塑形、易上色、易产生新肌理等共性,艺术效果鲜明,也兼具环保、方便收集、便于携带、价格低廉、安全性较高的特点,与其他材料相比具有很大的优势。相对于其他的美术活动,通过纸材料结合美术工具运用折叠或剪裁出线条与形状、选用不同色彩或通过后期上色、利用巧妙地粘贴营造出空间感与明暗变化或制作不同肌理等多种手法,更能激发学生的想象力和创新能力,提高学生的艺术感知和实践能力。全文共分四个部分。第一部分通过查阅资料了解纸材料创作的艺术形式,结合纸材料自身的特色和优势,分析纸材料在小学美术课堂中的运用的现实意义。针对在第二部分提出的小学美术手工课课堂现状存在的一些问题,第三部分进行了一系列关于纸材料教学的特色实践探索,整理出采用单元教学法、合作探究的学习模式和建立多元化的评价体系等有效开展纸材料课堂教学的策略。第四部分是对《百变团花》、《威武的盾牌》教学设计和课外剪纸兴趣小组活动探索等将纸材料与小学美术教学结合的案例进行分析。本文通过将纸材料结合教学实践的研究与探索,可以促使教师更新教育观念,体现美术课堂的人文性与技术性,深入研究美术教学实施过程中创新教育的方法和途径,发掘学生的创造潜能,继而提高学生在实际生活中的创造力。

【Abstract】 Art learning is inseparable from the use of tools and materials, materials of diversity can enrich the form of works of art, students in art learning using traditional materials and new materials to create works also embodies the new curriculum of art curriculum practice. Paper material are widely used in various fields of life, has the advantages of easy shaping, easy to color, easy to produce a new texture features, and the distinctive artistic effect, both environmental protection, convenient collection, easy to carry, low price and high security features, and other materials compared with great advantage. Compared with the other art Activities, through the paper material combined with the use of art tools folded or cut out lines and shapes, choose different colors or through the late color, using skillfully paste to create a sense of space and light and shade change or making different texture and so on many kinds of techniques, can stimulate students’ imagination and a new ability, improve students’ artistic perception and practice ability.The full text is divided into four parts. The first part through access to information about the paper materials to create art form, combined with the characteristics and advantages of paper materials, paper materials in the primary school art class in the use of practical significance analysis. According to the proposed in the second part of the primary school art and craft lesson classroom situation exists some problems, in the third part were a series on teaching materials of paper characteristic practice exploration, sorting out the use of unit teaching, cooperative inquiry learning mode and the establishment of diversified evaluation system to effectively carry out the strategy paper teaching material. In the fourth part of <variety Anthocephalus chinensis>,<mighty shield>instructional design and course Paper-cut interest group activities to explore other paper material and elementary school fine arts teaching combined with the case analysis. Through the paper materials combined with the research and exploration of the practice teaching can encourage teachers to update their concepts of education, in-depth research study fine arts teaching implementation of the method and the way of innovation education in the process of, active in art class on developing students’ creative potential, and then improve the students’ ability in real life.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华中师范大学
  • 【分类号】G623.75
  • 【下载频次】230
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