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浅论中职美术的“探究式”教学

【作者】 郭瑞霞

【导师】 王余;

【作者基本信息】 华中师范大学, 美术教育, 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 在中等职业教育工作中,美术教育是培养和塑造中职生艺术素养和审美情趣的素质教育课程,对于培养和激发中职生的审美意愿、审美情趣具有非常重要的意义。顺应社会经济发展给中职教育提出的全新要求,对中职美术教育的课堂教学方法进行创新和完善,不仅是社会文化发展的迫切要求,也是中职教育自身发展的客观需要。探究式教学,是在教育教学的过程中,将教师和学生之间的相互地位进行调整和优化,让学生通过“自主、探究、合作”的学习方式,对当前阶段学习过程中需要掌握的主要知识点进行自主学习的一种互动教学模式。这种教学模式,最大限度地激活了学生在教育和学习过程中的积极性和主动性。在中职教育中广泛应用这一教学模式,对中职教育的改革和发展具有非常积极的作用。本研究采取了文献分析法和实践分析法等多种研究方法。通过对中职美术教育中存在的常见问题的解析以及对“探究式”教学法的深入解读,对在中职美术教育中应用“研究式”教学法的优越性和科学性进行了精要阐述。研究认为,中职美术“探究式”教学模式可以通过组建“探究式”教学研究小组、制定缜密的教学目标体系、设计理论与实践并重的教学课程、创新多媒体教学应用思路等思路加以创设,而在具体应用这一教学模式时,需要牢牢抓住中职生的学习兴趣,在教学中科学地设定教学问题、制定缜密的实践计划,适时为学生搭建合适的表达舞台,并与学生分享自己的教学思考,从而将学生的学习热情转化为具体的学习成果,达到中职美术教育的最终目的。

【Abstract】 In secondary vocational education, art education is to cultivate and shape the secondary vocational student’s artistic accomplishment and aesthetic quality education courses, to cultivate and stimulate secondary raw aesthetic intention, aesthetics has very important significance. Comply with the social and economic development to the secondary vocational education put forward new requirements for the classroom teaching of secondary vocational art education method to innovate and improve, not only is the urgent requirement of social and cultural development, is also the objective need of secondary vocational education’s own development. Exploratory teaching, is in the education teaching process, the position between teachers and students to adjust and optimize, let the student through "autonomous, inquiry and cooperation" of study way, to the current stage in the process of learning to master the main knowledge points to an interactive teaching mode of autonomous learning. This kind of teaching mode, maximum limit to activate the students in the process of education and learning enthusiasm and initiative. Widely used in the secondary vocational education, the teaching mode, the reform and development of secondary vocational education has a very positive role.This research adopted the literature analysis and practical analysis and other research methods. Based on the common problems existing in the secondary vocational education of fine arts of parsing and in-depth interpretation of the "inquiry" teaching method, the application in the secondary vocational art education "study type" teaching method and the advantages of science has carried on the essence of this paper. Studies suggest that secondary vocational art "inquiry" teaching mode can be formed "inquiry" teaching team, rigorous teaching target system, design theory and the practice of paying equal attention to teaching courses, innovative ideas such as ideas to create multimedia teaching application, and in the specific application of this teaching mode, need to hang on to secondary vocational interest in learning, in the teaching scientifically setting teaching problems and rigorous practice plan, in due course for the students to build appropriate expression of the stage, and students to share their thinking, teaching to the students’ learning enthusiasm into specific learning outcomes, to achieve the final aim of secondary vocational education of fine arts.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华中师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.955
  • 【下载频次】66
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