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以跨学科学习实现初中美术教学对学生“艺术素质”的培养

【作者】 路瑶

【导师】 娄宇;

【作者基本信息】 华中师范大学, 美术, 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 美术学科教学是整个初中阶段素质教育的重要组成部分,不仅仅对培养学生的审美意识起到重要的作用,同时也对学生人格的健全发展、创造性思维的养成至关重要。但是,美术学科教学在初中阶段的实际发展仍然任重道远,非中考学科课程地位低微、学生学习态度不积极、教师自身专业发挥空间受限制等诸多因素都制约着美术教学在素质教育中的“美育”意义。“艺术素质”早在蔡元培先生的“美育”理念中已有相关阐释,在单一的教学模式和应试规则下,学生学习空间受到种种制约,“好学生”的标签受到越来越多的质疑。因此,“艺术素质”概念的提出不仅与学生的全面发展理念相辅相成,而且对于其他学科的学习有着积极的促进作用。在应试教育模式的导向下,初中美术学科的教学往往让位于“主科”,笔者认为造成这种问题的内在原因有二:一是忽视了美术教育对于中学生的人格健全、思维拓展的“美育”功能;二是缺乏对美术教学与其他课程教学的交叉性和互补性的深入研究,以单一和孤立的眼光去对待彼此,重视差异而轻视内在的联通性——除了初中阶段大的学习环境所致,美术教师也应该在“跨学科”的问题上先走一步,研究新的教学方法,做到以“艺术素质”的养成为目标,而不是以技能学习为目标。本文以笔者自身的授课经验为依据,从“跨学科”思维指导下的的具体实践模块出发,以期逐步实现“艺术素质”的培养,并把它转换为学生综合学习的动力和能力。

【Abstract】 Fine arts discipline education is an important part of the whole middle school quality education, to cultivate the students’ aesthetic consciousness not only play an important role, but also for the healthy development of students’personality, creative thinking is very important to develop. Art discipline teaching in junior middle school stage, however, is still a long way, the actual development course of the examination subjects, humble, students’ learning attitude is not positive, teachers’ professional play space is restricted, and many other factors that restrict the art teaching in quality education of "aesthetic education"."Artistic quality" as early as in the "aesthetic education" concept of Mr CAI yuanpei relevant interpretation, under the rules of single teaching mode and the test, the student learning space is restricted by a variety of, the label "good students" questioned by more and more. Put forward of the concept of "artistic quality", therefore, not only with the all-round development of students’ concept of complement each other, but also for other subjects of study has a positive role in promoting.Under the guidance of the exam-oriented education mode, the teaching of junior middle school fine arts discipline tend to give way to "concentrate", the author thinks that the internal cause the problem for two reasons:one is to ignore the fine arts education for middle school students’ perfect personality, thinking, expand the function of "aesthetic education"; 2 it is lack of art teaching and other courses teaching to in-depth study of its overlapping and complementarity, treat each other with a single and isolated, attaches great importance to the differences and despise inner connectedness-in addition to the junior middle school stage caused by the great learning environment, the art teachers should also be on the issue of "interdisciplinary" walk first one step, research new teaching methods, to do with the formation of "artistic quality" as the goal, not to aim at skill learning.In this paper, based on the author’s own teaching experience, from the concrete practice of the "interdisciplinary" thinking under the guidance of the module, in order to gradually achieve the cultivation of "artistic quality", and put it into students’ comprehensive learning motivation and ability.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华中师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.955
  • 【下载频次】184
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