【作者基本信息】 南京师范大学， 思想政治教育， 2017， 硕士
【Abstract】 China is a civilization with thousands of years’ history. Among the profound cultural traditions our nation has been keeping the etiquette occupies a very important position. However, in today’s society, uncivilized and improper behaviors can be seen everywhere. It is of great importance to improve the civilization etiquette literacy of citizens, especially that of the teenagers’. The teenagers, they are the future and the hope of the motherland, and they will be the builder and developer of China and Chinese culture. Their behaviors reflect the image of our Chinese nation and concern the future of the country. Therefore, strengthening the etiquette education of teenagers has already been a looming topic.This article defines "etiquette" and "etiquette norms education". It also concerns the psychological factors of etiquette. Etiquette education is not only the needs of the individual growth, but also the foundation of social stability. Junior high school students are the future of the motherland, so strengthening the etiquette norms education of junior high school students will improve the civilization accomplishment of the whole Chinese people. Ideological and Moral curriculum is a comprehensive course based on the life of junior high school students. Its fundamental purpose is to guide and promote the ideological and moral development of junior high school students. Etiquette education aims to help students develop good manners and improve the students’ civilization accomplishment. Therefore, etiquette education can be a consistent part in the Ideological and Moral curriculum and can be achieved in it. However, during the teaching and learning practice of our Ideological and Moral class, some problems can still be observed concerning etiquette education.The problems can be concluded as follows. First, teaching activities on etiquette education still lack in the classroom, although teachers are aware of the importance of it. Second, in the activities concerning etiquette education, students learns too much knowledge, but lack the opportunity to practice or train target behaviors. Third, the evaluation system of the course weighs too much on knowledge, but too little on students’ behavior. Fourth, education materials and contents are not systematic enough. To deal with those problems and to strengthen the etiquette norms education of junior middle school students, we should follow the following principles:The principle of unifying the comprehensiveness and pertinence of the curriculum; The principle of relating the course to the reality and students’ life; The principle of combining teachers’ enlightening guidance with students’ positive experience and independent exploration; The principle of combining the presupposition and the productiveness and combining the certainty and flexibility of the curriculum. In order to improve Etiquette education of junior high school students in Ideological and Moral course, this paper puts forward some specific strategies. First of all, excavate the mining resources in teaching materials to enrich the content of the etiquette norms education, such as building etiquette education themes for centralized education; utilize the scattered knowledge in the teaching material for etiquette education. Second, rely on various teaching activities for etiquette education to enhance the education effect. Create real contexts in class to strengthen the cognition and emotion of etiquette; Simulate every day contexts to strengthen the students’ experience of etiquette; Base the guidance on students’every day life; Establish evaluation index, which values the formation of etiquette behavior; Develop extracurricular resources, to form resultant educational force with the curricular resources. I hope the strategies may have a little reference to the etiquette education with the form of Ideological and Moral Education.
【Key words】 Ideological and Moral Education； junior high school students； Etiquette education；
- 【网络出版投稿人】 南京师范大学