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游戏诱导手段下小学体育教学的研究 ——以南京市四城区为例

【作者】 陈晓冬

【导师】 顾善光;

【作者基本信息】 南京师范大学, 体育教育训练学, 2017, 硕士

【副题名】以南京市四城区为例

【摘要】 近些年,针对小学生对体育课兴趣降低及小学生体质下降等问题,发现游戏在体育教学中并未发挥其独特的作用。因此,本文在对体育教学中运用游戏的合理性提出质疑的基础上,根据新体育课程改革的启示,以游戏作为一种特殊的教学手段——诱导手段,重新审视游戏在体育教学中的功能和作用。游戏作为体育教学的一部分,同时也符合小学生的生理及心理发展需要,在发挥其娱乐、社交、竞技等表浅功能的同时,我们应当重视其在教学中传递信息的手段功能。本文在小学体育教学中以游戏作为传递教学信息的诱导手段,使其贯穿于一堂课的始终进行研究,从而正确发挥游戏运用在小学体育教学的功能和价值,使小学体育教学真正贯彻新课标所强调的“以学生为主体,以教师为主导”的精神,目的在于小学体育教学中以游戏作为诱导手段不仅能改善小学生的对体育课的情感态度,增强学生的主体性,同时还能保证体育课教学信息最大化的传递,从而提高教学效果,增强小学生体质。本文通过采用文献资料法、访谈法、实验研究法、数理统计法等研究方法,对南京市四城区12所小学进行调查,了解南京市四城区小学体育教学中手段选用的现状和运用游戏教学的现状,以及在此基础上调查小学生的体育学习情感态度,同时以游戏作为诱导手段在南京市科利华小学进行教学实验,以此验证在小学体育教学中游戏作为一种特殊的教学手段,对小学生身体素质以及体育学习情感态度产生的影响。得出结论:1.南京市四城区小学体育教师以常规教学手段居多,且对游戏的运用缺乏合理性。2.南京市四城区小学体育教师以游戏诱导手段教学受到主客观因素制约。3.南京市四城区小学生体育学习兴趣态度处于一般水平,在此基础上仍有很大的提升空间。4.游戏诱导手段在一定程度上能促进小学生的体质的增强和体育技能的掌握,同时可以激发小学生的体育学习兴趣,改善小学的体育学习态度。

【Abstract】 In recent years, the pupils’ interest in physical education and reduce the pupils physical decline, found that the game did not play its unique role in the sports teaching. Therefore, in this paper on the sports teaching the use of games the reasonableness of the proposed question based on, according to the revelation of the new physical education curriculum reform, to the game as a kind of special teaching methods, induces the means to re-examine the role and function of games in PE teaching. The game as a part of sports teaching, in teaching more in line with the needs of pupils’ physiological and psychological development, play in the entertainment, social, sports and other surface features of shallow at the same time, we should pay more attention to the in teaching transfer information by means of the function.In this paper, in the elementary school sports teaching to the game as the transmission of teaching information induction means make it through to a class always were studied, and the right to play the game used in the function and value of the sports teaching in primary school, the elementary school sports teaching really carry out the new curriculum standard emphasizes "to students as the main body, take the teacher as the leading" spirit. To elementary school sports teaching to the game as the emotional attitude to PE induced method can not only improve the pupils’ and enhance students’ subjectivity, but also guarantee the transmission of sports teaching information maximization, so as to improve the teaching effect, to enhance the physical fitness of students.In this paper, by using literature method, interview method, experimental method, mathematical statistics and other research methods, to Nanjing City in four districts in 12 primary investigation, understanding Nanjing four districts of the city elementary school sports teaching means selecting the status and use of the status quo of the game teaching, and on the basis of pupils of sports learning emotion, attitude, also to the game as induced by means of teaching experiments were performed in Kelihua elementary school in Nanjing, in order to verify in the elementary school sports teaching games as a special means of teaching, on Pupils’ physical fitness and sports science learning emotion attitude and the influence of. come to conclusion:1 teachers in Nanjing primary school district four to conventional teaching methods and the use of the game are lack of rationality.2 teachers in Nanjing primary school district four to the game induced by means of teaching by subjective and objective factors3 four Nanjing city students sports learning interest attitude in the general level, there is still room for improvement on the basis of.4 game induction means can promote pupils physical enhancement and sports skills to a certain extent, the master, and can stimulate students’ learning interests of physical education, improve primary school sports learning attitude.

【关键词】 游戏诱导教学手段体育教学
【Key words】 GameInductionTeaching methodsPhysical education teaching

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 南京师范大学
  • 【分类号】G623.8
  • 【下载频次】183
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