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基于自主学习的幼儿园音乐教育研究

【作者】 崔红英

【导师】 许卓娅;

【作者基本信息】 南京师范大学, 学前教育学, 2017, 博士

【摘要】 作为幼儿重要的生命活动,幼儿园音乐教育的首要价值是促进幼儿生命成长。所谓“生命成长”,其实质是个体以自主性为核心的积极人格成长。研究者对音乐教育变迁的历史考察和对自发音乐活动的现场考察均支持这一观点,同时发现,自主学习是实现幼儿园音乐教育生命成长价值的有效途径。然而,对八省市幼儿园教师的问卷调查和对班级音乐教育的现场考察却发现,当今幼儿园音乐教育中幼儿的自主学习面临困境,究其原因,功利取向遮蔽了幼儿园音乐教育的生命成长价值、工具理性忽视了幼儿的自主学习能力、组织驱动限制了教师的自主发展追求。基于此,研究者与优秀幼儿园教师合作进行行动研究,从探索音乐教育中幼儿自主学习的特征与机制入手,通过改革幼儿园集体音乐教学活动、建构“基于自主学习的幼儿园音乐课程”并付诸实施,不断丰富“基于自主学习的幼儿园音乐教育”的理论与实践体系。研究发现,音乐教育中幼儿自主学习的基本特征为“学习内容的自我选择、学习任务的自我规划、学习行为的自我控制和学习结果的自我调节”;幼儿自主学习的支持系统中,“支持自主的教师”和“满足音乐学习需要的教育活动”作为动力条件推动着幼儿自主学习,“生命成长取向的音乐教育价值观”、“建构主义的幼儿音乐学习观”和“支持教师自主发展的园所教研文化”通过提升教师和教育活动的自主支持程度而影响幼儿自主学习。为验证以上发现,我们按照音乐教育中幼儿自主学习的特征,以促进师幼共同成长为目标,以融合多种学习经验的综合艺术活动为载体,以开放、对话和自主为原则,师幼共同建构了“基于自主学习的幼儿园音乐课程”。实验结果表明,“基于自主学习的幼儿园音乐课程”较好地支持了幼儿自主学习和师幼共同成长,从实践层面证明了“基于自主学习的幼儿园音乐教育”实施的可行性。最后,研究者整合以上理论研究和实践探索的各种信息,系统构建了“基于自主学习的幼儿园音乐教育模式”。

【Abstract】 As an important life activity for children, the primary value of kindergarten music education is promoting the children’s development of life. The so-called "Life Growth" in essence refers to the active development of an individual’s personality that takes autonomy as the nucleus. The viewpoint is proved by the historical study of the vicissitudes of music education and the on-the-spot investigation of spontaneous music activities. It is also found that self-regulated learning is an effective way to realize the life growth value of kindergarten music education.However, questionnaire survey data gathered from kindergarten teachers in eight provinces and cities and on-the-spot investigation of in-class music education shows that children’s self-regulated learning is facing difficulties because of the instrumental orientation masking the value of the children’s life development, the tool rationality neglecting the ability of children’s self-regulated learning and the driven authorities limiting the teachers’ pursuit for independent development.On account of this, working with some excellent kindergarten teachers closely, the researcher carry out an action research by exploring the characteristics and mechanism of children’s self-regulated learning in music education. "Kindergarten Music Curriculum Based on Self-regulated Learning" is established through reforming the teaching activities in kindergarten music education and put into practice, which has enriched its theoretical and practical system. The study shows that firstly the children’s self-regulated learning in music education is featured by the self-determined options of the to-be-learned content, the self-planning of the learning tasks, the self-control of the learning process and the self-regulation of the learning results.In the support system of children’s self-regulated learning, the teachers who favor the autonomy and the educational activities which can meet the needs of music learning, as the driving force, promote the children’s autonomous learning. The music education values that are orientated to the growth of life, the music learning view of constructivism and autonomy-supportive kindergarten teaching and research culture influence upon their autonomous learning through enhancing the autonomy support for teachers and educational activities.To verify the above findings, considering the characteristics of the children’s self-regulated learning in kindergarten music education, aiming at promoting the concurrent growth of the teachers and the children, and taking the comprehensive artistic activity integrated with various learning experiences as the carrier and following the principles of openness, dialogue and independence, the teachers and the children work together to construct the "Kindergarten Music Curriculum Based on Self-regulated Learning." The experimental results have proved that this Curriculum well supports the children’s self-regulated learning and the concurrent growth of both the teachers and the children and verifies the feasibility of carrying out kindergarten music education based on self-regulated learning from the level of practice.Finally, the researcher sums up the above-mentioned the results of theoretical studies and practical exploration and establishes the "Kindergarten Music Education Model Based on Self-regulated Learning".

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 南京师范大学
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