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宁夏明清人士著述研究

【作者】 田富军

【导师】 党怀兴;

【作者基本信息】 陕西师范大学, 中国古典文献学, 2017, 博士

【摘要】 明清時期,寧夏出現了漢文著述的高峰。作者呈現家族化態勢,以慶藩朱氏家族、胡氏家族等為代表,典型人物如朱櫥、胡汝礪、胡侍、趙良棟、俞益謨等,有著述傳世者i00多人。他們的著述在數量上速超寧夏明代以前歷代文人傳世漢文著述的總和,著(编)有文集6工種,其中傳世13種,136卷;编纂(修)或參與编纂(修)方志3工種,傳世27種;其他散見詩文則更多。這些人物及其著述在當時全國層面上有一定影響,為豐富西部地區歷史文化遗產做出了貢獻,在寧夏文化、文學史上留下了濃墨重彩的一筆,為寧夏地方人文精神發展增添了寶貴的財富。對其開展研究,將向學界全面展現明清寧夏歷史人物著述的總體情況,為寧夏地方文史、文化研究奠定堅寅的文獻基礎;為將來撰写寧夏古代文學史做好鋪墊,也為中國古代文學的研究貢獻一份力量;為寧夏地方旅遊部門提供學術上的支撐,促進地方旅遊業的發展。研究意義是顯而易見的。本論文以寧夏明清人士著述為對象,展開深入研究。所謂寧夏,指地理範疇為今寧夏回族自治區行政區劃範圍内,包括銀川市、石嘴山市、吴忠市、固原市、中衛市等五市,共有9個市轄區、2個縣級市、11個縣的地域。所謂明清,指時間跨度為從明朝1368年建立起到1911年清朝滅亡止,共543年的歷史.所謂寧夏明清人士著述,指明清兩朝在寧夏出生(如胡侍),或者雖未在寧夏出生但是一生絕大部分時間定居於此且後代在寧夏出生之人(如朱櫥)(以下簡稱寧夏人)創作(编)的漢文作品,不含民歌、童謠之類口傳心授的民間文學篇什。明清寧夏人的著述主要有三種類型:一為個人獨撰的詩文別集和编定的各類詩文集,二為编纂(修)的舊地方誌,三為各類文獻中的散見著述。本論文的研究任務有三:一是全面搜集、爬梳明清寧夏人及其著述的基本情況,通過查找寧夏舊地方誌,查閱各種工具書及相關文獻资料,以搜集著述為主線,進而引出著者,理清著者的生平、家世及著述的基本内容、文獻著錄、存佚情況等;二是運用文獻學的基本理論和方法,對傳世著述的館藏、版本、主要内容、寫作特色、價值評判及其對後世的影響進行深入的研究;三是力爭通過對明清事夏人著述的梳理,找到它們之間的發展脈絡,概括出發展特點,發現其中規律性的東西.論文包括引言、上编、下编和結語四部分。引言主要介紹論文選題的意義、研究現狀、研究内容、任務和方法。上编為寧夏明代人士著述研究,共五章,分別是朱(?)及其后人著述、胡汝礪及其族人著述、管律及其著述、胡侍及其著述、寧夏明代其他人上著述;下編為寧夏清代人士著述研究,共四章,分別是趙良棟及其後人著述,俞益謨及其族人著述,謝王寵、俞德淵及其著述,寧夏清代其他人士著述。每章均包括研究現狀、人物生平、人格評價、家世情況、著述考索、詩文研究、後世影響等幾部分,後人(族人)及其他人物也按此模式或詳或略進行研究。研究重點是基本情況的考述,特別是在人物生平分期及評價,著述的文獻著錄、傳世情況、版本辨析,詩文思想内容、藝術特色的分析等方面,力求論述全面,分析透徹。創新點在於:個人獨撰的詩文別集和編修的各類詩文集,一般前人研究成果較少,主要是靠筆者搜集资料、目驗文獻、提煉歸納進行論述;舊地方志,前人研究成果較多,本論文主要是考辨糾錯,拾遣補缺,以新的角度進行研究,特別傾向於版本研究與傳承關係的梳理;散見著述,則完全是靠筆者從各類文獻典籍中查索鉤稽、歸納整理後展開論述。結論部分,主要是從總體上對寧夏明清人士著述進行探究,剖析其特貼,分析其產生原因,評論其價值,給予其準確的歷史定位。

【Abstract】 During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, a large number of writings written in Chinese by the literati in Ningxia came into being. The literati presented a familial state. Among those, there were more than 100 writers with works handed down for generations. Zhu Zhan, Hu Ruli, Hu Shi, Zhao Liangdong, Yu Yimo etc. were typical representatives, whose writings were far more in number than the total amount of works of all literati in previous dynasties before Ming. They wrote or compiled 61 collected works with 13, which consisted of 136 rolls, were handed down. They compiled or co-compiled 31 local chronicles with 27 handed down. The literati and their works were influential nation-wide, making great contributions to enrich the historical and cultural heritage in western area by leaving such an indelible mark in the culture of Ningxia and its literature history and increasing precious fortune for the growth of humanity in Ningxia. The study on the literati and their writings during the Ming and Qing Dynasties is of great value and use. The significance of the study is quite obvious. It will present the overall condition of writings of historical figures in Ningxia during the Ming and Qing Dynasties to historians, lay a solid documentary foundation for the study on Ningxia local literature and history and culture, and pave the way for composing history of ancient Ningxia in future, which will make some contribution to the study of history of ancient Chinese literature. In addition, the study will give academic and intellectual support to the development of local tourism and economy.The object of this research is the writings of the literati in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Ningxia refers to the present administrative division of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in geography, which includes 5 cities (Yinchuan, Shizuishan, Wuzhong, Guyuan and Zhongwei), 9 municipal districts, 2 county-level cities, and 11 counties. The Ming and Qing Dynasties refers to the time span of 543 years from the establishment of the Ming Dynasty in 1368 to the perishing of the Qing Dynasty in 1911. The writings of the literati in Ningxia during the Ming and Qing Dynasties refers to writings of those born locally during that period of time (like Hu Shi), or those who were not born locally but spent most of their life there and whose later generations were born and lived in Ningxia, like Zhu Zhan. Ningxia people for short hereinafter. Their writings were composed in Chinese while the oral folk literature like ballad and nursery rhyme were excluded. The writings of Ningxia people were mainly divided into three types:poems and essays written solo, local chronicles, and writings scattered in various literature.The three tasks of the research are:(1) To comprehensively collect and clarify the general information of Ningxia people and their writings during the Ming and Qing Dynasties through the way of seeking old Ningxia local chronicles, consulting various reference books and related literature materials. To introduce writers and their background by means of collecting their writings; (2) To do a deep research on collections, versions, main contents, writing features, value evaluation and influences on later generations of the extant writings by means of basic theories and methods of philology; (3) To find out connections the writings of the Ningxia people, generalize their growing features and rules so as to guide practical work.The paper includes four parts, introduction, the first part, the second part and conclusion. The introduction is mainly about the significance of this thesis, research situation at present, the contents, tasks and methods of the research. The first part is about study on writings of the Ningxia people in the Ming Dynasty, which consists of 5 chapters. They are Zhu Zhan and his later generations and their writings; Hu Ruli and his clansmen and their writings; Guan Lv and his writings; Hu Shi and his writings; and the others and their writings. The second part is about writings of the Ningxia people in the Qing Dynasty, which covers four chapters. They are:Zhao Liangdong and his later generations and their writings; Yu Yimo and his clansmen and their writings; Xie Wangchong, Yu Deyuan and their writings; and the others and their writings. Each chapter is to contain current research status, life of writers, personality assessment, family situation, textual research on writings, research on poems and essays and their profound impact. Their later generations and other people will be analyzed in the same pattern in a detailed or non-detailed way. The focus of the research is the basic information, especially on people’s life stages and comments on them; their writings and document descriptions, versions of their writings, the content, and the artistic features. The author of the paper has been trying to present a comprehensive discussion and a penetrating analysis towards the above aspects. The innovation of the paper is the solo written poems, essays, and the various compiled and editted ones, on which only a few achievements has been made. The author collected, read, extracted and concluded literature materials all by himself. Though previous scholars have achieved a lot on the research of the local chronicles, the paper aims at correcting errors and remedying defects, studying the chronicles from a new angle, version research and inherited connection are the main focuses. Writings scattered in different literature are studied and analyzed in terms of various literature materials collected by the author himself. In the conclusion part, a general analysis and research on writings of Ningxia people during the Ming and Qing Dynasties will be contained. Features will be dissected, causes will be analyzed, values will be evaluated, and an accurate historical orientation will be given.

【关键词】 宁夏明清著述家族诗文
【Key words】 Ningxiathe Ming and Qing Dynastieswritingsfamilypoetry and essay

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 陕西师范大学
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