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母语环境下法国中学生汉语语音偏误分析及教学对策

【作者】 郭行方

【导师】 吴媛;

【作者基本信息】 陕西师范大学, 汉语国际教育(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 许多研究成果证明,在第二语言习得中,根据学生母语的不同,存在的语音偏误有非常明显的区别,因此针对母语背景而进行的语音偏误研究可以更有效地运用到日常的语音教学当中。本文在总结前人研究的基础上,对法国中学生学习汉语时普遍存在的语音偏误进行了一次较为实际的研究。论文首先对比了汉法语音的异同,预测学生可能出现的偏误,然后通过听和读的语音测试,对学生的发音状况进行录音、听辨、分析、总结,得出法国中学生汉语语音偏误产生的原因,即母语的负迁移、目的语知识的负迁移、由于汉语拼音方案的一些规定而造成的偏误、教学因素和个体差异,最后针对偏误分析的结论提出相应的教学建议,要明确语音教学、汉语拼音的重要性,要针对法语语音特点,突出重点难点,使用有针对性的教学方法,开展行之有效的语音教学。希望本文的研究能对法国的汉语教师和在国内从事对外汉语教学工作的教师有一定的借鉴作用,对提高教学效果,改善以法语为母语的汉语学习者的汉语语音学习现状有积极的帮助作用。

【Abstract】 Many research results show that when people study a second language the phonetic errors also have obvious difference because of the students’ native language, so the study of the phonetic errors against to native language background can be more effective for the quotidian phonetic teaching.In this article, on the basis of summarizing the predecessors’ research, I made a practical study on phonetic errors made by French native speakers. First I compared the similarities and differences between the phonetic of Chinese and French, predict the phonetic errors probably made by French students, and then through reading phonetic test, record listen and distinguish, analyze, summarize student’s pronunciation. From that we get the reasons of the errors made by Chinese learner in the French middle school:negative transfer of native language, negative transfer of target language knowledge, teaching factors and individual differences. Finally, some suggestions are put forward according to the conclusion of errors analysis:make clear the importance of pronunciation teaching and Chinese pinyin; focus on the characteristics of French pronunciation, highlight the key points and difficulties, use targeted teaching methods, to carry out effective teaching.I hope this article can be helpful for Chinese teachers to french speaker students, can help them to improve the teaching effect. I also hope this article is helpful for the Chinese phonetic situation of French students.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 陕西师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.3
  • 【下载频次】260
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