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当代中国学校体育教学内容演进的研究

【作者】 卢锐彩

【导师】 王超;

【作者基本信息】 陕西师范大学, 教育硕士(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 2001年6月教育部颁布了《基础教育课程改革纲要(试行)》,新一轮基础教育课程改革在全国开展起来,此次改革成为第八次基础教育课程改革,广大体育教师和专家对新课改的实施做出了很大的贡献,推动了素质教育的实施。此次新课改不仅废除了原来的教学大纲而且还建立了新的《课程标准》,对原来的教学内容进行了改革。新课标没有限制教学内容的具体细节,给出了一个大概的组织结构,因此选择内容有了较大的范围,由于教师还没有消除对原来教学大纲的依赖,这就使体育教师在教学中无所适从,而且还得依据各级目标的规定来选择合适的教学内容,这对体育教师来说是一个较大的挑战。新课改要求教师要能够对课程资源进行合理的选择,教师积极地投身于课程资源的开发和课程的改革,但在教学实践中,在选择教学内容的方面出现了普遍性的问题。比如,有的人认为学生喜欢什么项目教师就应该引进相应的教学内容,有人为了新颖把不适合在课上开展的项目引进课堂。因此,应按照那样的标准和原则引用新内容,是当前的一个新的有待于解决的课题。新课程要求教师开发课程内容,但是课程内容的选择应该有合理的原则、依据、方法和要求,不能为了选择而选择,应该了解更多的东西,砖研新的教材。本研究以当前我国体育教学内容选择中出现的问题为依据,有以下几个部分组成。首先是前言部分,对本研究的缘起、目的意义、对象方法进行了分析,并对相关概念进行了阐释,还对国内相关问题的研究进行了综述。第二部分探讨了我国学校体育教学内容演进的历程,分为三代七个阶段。第三部分探索了当代中国体育教学内容发展趋势、选择原则、选择依据、选择方法以及选择依据的路径和方向,总结其发展演进的特点。最后得出了结论并提出了建议,为今后完善体育课教学、丰富我国学校体育与健康课程以及体育教学内容的合理选择提供有效的理论支撑。

【Abstract】 The Instruction Summary Of Curriculum reform In Country Elementary education has been promulgated by the country Ministry of Education in June,2001. A new round of basic education curriculum reform carried out in the country, the reform become the eighth elementary education curriculum reform, sports teachers and experts has made a great contribution for the implementation of new curriculum reform. It promoted the implementation of quality education.The new curriculum reform is not only the abolition of the original teaching syllabus but also established a new curriculum standard, the old teaching content of reform. Details of the new curriculum standards without limitation of the teaching contents, gives a general organizational structure, so the choice of content has a large range, because the teacher is not to eliminate the dependence on the original teaching syllabus, it will not know what course to take physical education teachers in teaching, but also in accordance with the provisions of various target according to choose the suitable teaching content, this is a big challenge for teachers of physical education.The new curriculum reform not only abolished the original syllabus but also established the new "curriculum standard". It reformes the teaching content of the original. It does not limit the details of the teaching content. It gives a general structure. So choose content has a larger scope. Because the teacher has not eliminate dependence on the original syllabus. This makes physical education teachers confused about what to do in the teaching, and according to the provisions of targets at various levels to choose appropriate teaching content. This is a bigger challenge for PE teachers.New curriculum reform requires teachers to the choose the curriculum resources in a reasonable manner. Teachers actively involved in the development of curriculum resources and the reformation of courses. However, in the practice of teaching, but it has universal probiems in the choice of teaching content, for example, some people think that teachers should introduce the corresponding teaching content which the students like. Some people introduce improper sporting events into the classrooms.therefore,it is a new currently subjet to solve that reference new content should according to what kind of standard and principle. The development of new curriculum requires teachers to development curriculum content.But the choice of the curriculum should have a reasonable principle of selection curriculum contents of basis, methods and requirements.It should learn more things and research new material.It cannot choose the sports for choice.The basis of the study is the problem of chooseing the teaching content at present.It has the following several parts. The first is the introduction part,it analyzes origin, purpose, significance, method of object of this research.It explaines the related notion.It narrates the study of domestic related issue.The second part discusses the evolution of our country school sports teaching content of course.It is divided into three generation and seven stages. The third part explores the development trend of contemporary Chinese sports teaching content, selection principles, selection basis, methods and selection based on the path and direction.It summarizes the characteristics of the evolution of its development. Finally the conclusion and Suggestions are put forward. Perfect physical education teaching in the future, enrich our country school sports and health courses and physical education teaching content of reasonable selection to provide effective theoretical support.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 陕西师范大学
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