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翻转课堂及其在中国应用的研究

【作者】 刘飒

【导师】 靳玉乐;

【作者基本信息】 西南大学, 课程与教学论, 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 翻转课堂是美国教育教学领域应对信息技术发展的带有时代印记的产物。它是以课下学生自主学习教学视频进行知识传递,课上师生共同探讨解决问题进行知识内化为基本要义的新型教学模式。翻转课堂以其学生中心、问题中心等特征,迅速在全球教育界蹿红,成为学界争相讨论的焦点,也从大洋彼岸一翻而转入中国教育领域。面对新型教学模式,中国教育界勇于进行理论研究和实践探索,但现有研究主要集中在对翻转课堂意义的探讨、翻转课堂教学模式的构建以及对现有应用状况进行报道与介绍等方面,对国内教学实践并无实际促进价值。若要翻转课堂在中国大地上开花结果,就要对翻转课堂本身及其与中国教育状况进行系统、深入的研究,探寻翻转课堂与中国教育的价值契合点、明确应用翻转课堂需要突破的困境,进而探讨如何应用翻转课堂,才是应对翻转课堂的明智之举。基于此,本研究主要内容如下:在论文的导论部分,阐述本研究的选题缘由、研究目的与意义、研究内容与方法,并在对现有研究进行探讨的基础上提出本研究的切入点和研究思路。第一部分,研究翻转课堂及其兴起。通过阅读文献梳理翻转课堂的兴起历程,以期掌握翻转课堂兴起所具备的外部条件,为后续研究打下基础。第二部分,分析翻转课堂的基本理念。翻转课堂之所以能在短时间内迅速兴起与它的内部条件息息相关,即它能够综合各优秀理论的精髓,本研究从知识发展观、学习方式观、教学方式观、教学流程观以及学生发展观五个层面剖析翻转课堂的基本理念。第三部分,论述翻转课堂的操作策略。以翻转课堂实践的起源地美国林地公园高中为案例,对翻转课堂的操作策略进行论述,把握将其理念付诸实践的观念导向、时空流程以及支撑条件。第四部分,对翻转课堂在中国的实践进行研究。通过对国内翻转课堂探索与实践状况的研究,分析它在国内兴起的动因、特点、成效和存在的问题。第五部分,论述翻转课堂在中国面临的困境。将国内教学状况与翻转课堂的发源地美国进行对比,明确国内应用翻转课堂面临的理论困境、操作困境,将翻转课堂与传统课堂相比,明确应用翻转课堂面临的价值困境。第六部分,提出翻转课堂在中国的应用对策。根据翻转课堂兴起所需的条件、操作所需的支持、国内实践的状况和问题以及翻转课堂面临的困境,从与课堂教学息息相关的课程、教学、技术以及制度层面寻找翻转课堂与国内教学实践的契合点,进而提出应用对策。在提倡创新、鼓励创新的时代,翻转课堂为我们展现了利用信息技术在教育领域创新的一种途径,希望通过本研究,反思翻转课堂及其在中国的应用,以期理性应对翻转课堂,在教育改革的浪潮中不随波逐流,取人之长、补己之短。

【Abstract】 In the face of the development of information technology, people in the education field of America created the Flipped Classroom Model, its the product of the information age. The model’s basic meaning is that students study videos by themselves out of the classroom and discuss to solve the problem with their partners and teachers inside of the classroom.The Flipped Classroom rapidly led up and became the hot points in globe education field with its features such as students centered and problems centered, it also came to domestic education field from the shore of the Ocean. In face of the new teaching model, our education circle are brave enough to proceed for the theoretical research and practical exploration. But the research about it mainly focused on the significance and value of the Flipped Classroom,at the same time they also concerned about how to build the model of the Flipped Classroom and reported the current situation of application,it’s meaningless to domestic education.If we want to make it effective in the field of national education,it’s wise to make a systematically study of the Flipped Classroom and the situation of national education, explore its significance to the practice of domestic education, make clear the dilemma that we have to break through,and then raise the countermeasures for how to apply the Flipped Classroom.Based on this,the main content of this research is as follows:In the introduction section of the paper, the author discusses the reason of this study,research purpose, research contents and research methods.On the basis of the existing research the author puts forward the starting point and the route of this study.The first part discusses the Flipped Classroom and its emergence. By reading the literature review to clarify the rise of the Flipped Classroom, in order to grasp the qualifications that the Flipped Classroom rises,lay a foundation for follow-up study.The second part analyzes the basic conception of the Flipped Classroom.Compared with the Traditional Classroom,the Flipped Classroom can combine the excellent theories that is why it rises in a short period of time.This study analyzes the basic conception of the Flipped Classroom from several aspects, such as:the development of knowledge,the method of teaching,the teaching process and the development of the students.The third part discusses the operating strategy of the Flipped Classroom.Take the forest park high school as a case,the essay discusses the strategy of operate the Flipped Classroom to grasp the direction of concept, time and space process of implementation and the conditions supporting the Flipped Classroom.The forth part hammers at the practice in China.This study analysis the motivation, characteristics, effects and problems of the Flipped Classroom in China.The fifth part,this paper discusses the plight of the Flipped Classroom in China. Compared with the birthplace of the Flipped Classroom,we can clear that the Flipped Classroom is facing the theoretical and operating difficulties.Compared with the Traditional Classroom,we can clear that the Flipped Classroom is facing the predicament of value.The sixth part, puts forward some countermeasures about the application of the Flipped Classroom in China. According to the conditions that the Flipped Classroom raised, supportions required for operation, the status, the problems and the plight of the Flipped Classroom in our country,this study exploring for countermeasures from the perspective that closely related to the classroom teaching,that is curriculum,instruction,technology and system.In an era that advocating and encouraging innovation,the Flipped Classroom shows a way of innovation in the field of education by the information technology, but its value of application in domestic remains to be seen.Through this study, we hope to have a system perspective of the Flipped Classroom and reflect its application in China so that we can be ourselves and not go along with the wave of the education reform, learn merit from others to mend our shortcomings.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 西南大学
  • 【分类号】G434
  • 【下载频次】966
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