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小学学科间课程整合研究

【作者】 刘龙珍

【导师】 金玉梅;

【作者基本信息】 西南大学, 课程与教学论, 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 2001年,《基础教育课程改革纲要(试行)》提出应扭转课程结构过于强调科目本位、科目过多和缺乏整合的弊端,加强课程结构的均衡性、综合性和选择性以顺应不同地区、学校与学生发展的需求,小学阶段则以综合课程为主。显然,课程整合是现代课程改革的主要问题之一,更是我国目前基础教育课程改革方案的重点内容之一。学科间课程整合是课程整合的初级形式,也是课程整合最基本的模式之一,是课程整合在学校教育实践中典型的体现。而我国多种多样的课程整合模式中,学科间课程整合这一形式似乎被轻忽了。关于学科间课程整合文献资料中,多集中于信息技术与某学科课程整合或者从教学论角度探讨学科间课程整合,对从课程论角度分析以学校为本的学科间课程整合的专门研究较少。而就目前小学阶段教师的现状,不难发现,学科间课程整合作为课程整合的最基本模式之一,它在学校中是最容易实施、最容易取得成功的课程整合模式。所以选择小学学科间课程整合这一视角,考察学小学学科间课程整合的内涵与特点,结合具体的案例分析其整合的基本途径。然后就当前学校实践探索情况,分析其存在问题与面临的困境,提出实现小学学科间课程整合有效性的策略。本论文主要从以下几个部分进行具体的论述:导论部分主要包括本研究选题缘由、文献述评、概念界定以及研究思路、方法及意义。第一部分首先明确了小学学科间课程整合的内涵和特征。第二部分是小学学科间课程整合的价值分析和目标定位。小学学科间课程整合对小学生完整发展、学科发展以及学校特色发展有一定的价值;其目标定位主要从知识与能力目标、过程与方法目标以及情感、态度与价值观目标进行分析。第三部分主要介绍了小学学科间课程整合的基本架构。这也是本研究的重点,主要包括明确以校为本的课程理念、基于课程标准梳理学校学科课程落实基本情况、三个维度从目标层面进行整合、从内容上寻求整合点进行整合,并结合具体的小学学科间课程整合案例进行具体分析。第四部分涉及小学学科间课程整合的多样化途径:横向整合途径与纵向整合途径。横向整合注重序的统一,纵向整合则关注基本概念、方法以及主题等整合形式。第五部分当前小学学科间课程整合实践探索存在的问题。本部分主要结合当前学校实践情况,从理念、学校课程目标、课程整合的方式、课程整合支持系统等方面挖掘存在的问题以及在学校进行学科间课程整合面临的困境。第六部分也是本研究的难点,主要内容是基于上述的问题,提出实现小学学科间课程整合有效性的策略。

【Abstract】 In 2001,”Basic Education Curriculum Reform(Trial)”proposes to reverse course structure overemphasis on subject-based structure,the subject and the lack of integration of the disadvantages, and strengthen curriculum structure balanced, comprehensive and selective to adapt to the demands of different regions, schools and students’ development,primary school is a comprehensive curriculum based.Apparently,curriculum integration is one of the main problems in the modern curriculum reform, but also it is one of the key contents of the basic education curriculum reform in China.Interdisciplinary curriculum integration is the primary form of curriculum integration and as one of the most basic model,is a typical manifestation of curriculum integration in school education practice. However,in our country, there is a variety of curriculum integration patterns, interdisciplinary curriculum integration seems to be ignored.The literature on curriculum integration,researchers more focus on information technology and discipline curriculum integration or explore interdisciplinary curriculum integration from the perspective of teaching theory.Curriculum theory from the point of view in order to specialize in between school-based curriculum integration less. On the contrary,it is less that they analyze based on school interdisciplinary curriculum integration from the perspective of curriculum theory.And on the current situation of primary school teachers,not difficult to find,interdisciplinary curriculum integration as one of the basic curriculum integration models, in the schools is the easiest to implement, most likely to succeed of curriculum integration model.Therefore,I choose this perspective of primary interdisciplinary curriculum integration, to investigate the content and characteristics of primary interdisciplinary curriculum integration, and to analyze the basic ways of its integration with the specific cases. Then the situation of the current school practiceexploration, I analyze problems and difficulties faced by,and put forward to suggestions achieving the effectiveness of primary interdisciplinary curriculum integration.The introduction mainly includes the reasons of this study, the literature review, the definition of the concept, the research ideas, methods and significance.The first part defines the connotation and characteristics of primary interdisciplinary curriculum integration.The second part is the value analysis and goal orientation of primary interdisciplinary curriculum integration.Primary interdisciplinary curriculum integration has a certain value on the development of subject development, the whole development of students and the development of school characteristics,and its targets mainly contain the knowledge and capability goals, process and method goal and emotion, attitude and value goal.The third part mainly introduces the basic framework of primary interdisciplinary curriculum integration. This is also the focus of this study, which mainly includes school-based curriculum specifically targets determined,the definition of the curriculum standards based on three dimensions, the way of the curriculum integration:horizontal integration and vertical integration pathway approach,mainly with inter-specific analysis primary interdisciplinary curriculum integration.The fourth part involves diversified pathways involving primary interdisciplinary curriculum integration:vertical integration and horizontal integration approaches.Horizontal integration program focuses on unity, vertical integration is concerned about the fundamental concepts, methods and themes into the form of integration.The fifth part is the existing problems of the current primary interdisciplinary curriculum integration.This part mainly combines the current school practice,from the concept,the school curriculum objectives,curriculum integration approach, curriculum integration support system and other aspects of the problems and the difficulties in primary interdisciplinary curriculum integration.The sixth part as the difficulty of this research, based on the above-mentioned problem,puts forward to realize the effectiveness of primary interdisciplinary curriculum integration.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 西南大学
  • 【分类号】G622.3
  • 【下载频次】748
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