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幼儿动画人物的性别角色研究

【作者】 崔露

【导师】 胥兴春;

【作者基本信息】 西南大学, 学前教育学, 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 动画片作为幼儿最喜欢的电视节目之一,对其各方面的发展都有不可忽视的影响。近年来,社会各界也认识到了动画的重要性,开始大力扶持动画产业,广电总局更是出台了一系列的政策来支持动画产业,尤其是国产动画的发展。而根据前人的研究,多种媒介的设定都具有性别刻板印象和性别偏见,因此,幼儿动画中,动画人物的设定是否具有平等的性别意识,也成为了一个亟需研究的领域。根据对以往文献的梳理,对性别角色的研究大多注重成人的性别发展和性别发展现状的研究,对于幼儿的性别角色研究较少,且大多是从心理学的角度进行的幼儿性别角色分析,很少从传媒学的角度探求大众媒体对幼儿性别角色发展的影响。而幼儿期又是性别角色的形成时期,对今后性别角色的发展具有重大影响,幼儿本身发展不够成熟,又擅长模仿,大众媒体对幼儿性别角色的发展具有极其重要的影响。因此,本文将分析分析幼儿动画人物的性别角色特征,探求动画设计者背后的性别意识,并追寻其对幼儿性别角色发展的影响。本文的研究通过两个部分进行。第一部分是通过对幼儿的访谈,选择幼儿最喜爱的动画,并进一步探求幼儿喜爱动画的原因。然后选取动画中的主要人物,并将这些人物按照性别进行分类。第二部分是对动画人物进行性别角色分析,并且通过对动画人物的性别分布情况的研究,探究其性别角色设定的现状。最后,根据第二部分的结果,进一步探究动画设计者隐藏的价值立场和性别意识,并针对动画人物性别角色设定的问题,提出相应的建议,以减少动画人物设定时,性别偏见和性别刻板印象的错误导向。第一部分的研究发现,幼儿喜欢的动画比较集中,而动画人物的设定是影响幼儿对动画喜爱的重要因素。根据第二部分的研究,动画人物的设定中,男性角色不论在数量上,还是在质量上都远远高于女性角色,女性在设定中,大多以配角为主,且外貌以漂亮居多,因此多样性不够,设定中较多相似因素,不如男性角色丰满而且深刻。根据以上两部分研究,动画制作者在设定动画人物的过程中,带有一定的性别偏见与性别刻板印象。幼儿在观看动画的过程中,在某种程度上会受到不科学的性别意识的影响,不利于其性别角色的发展以及性别意识的构建。因此,动画设计者必须树立科学的性别意识,在动画人物的设定中,加强对幼儿性别角色发展的科学引导,不仅仅要迎合幼儿需求,创造幼儿喜爱的动画人物,也要适度增加性别角色的多样性与丰富性,促进幼儿对不同性别人物的认知发展。

【Abstract】 As one of the most popular television shows, animation has a great influence on children s development. Nowadays, people are paying more attention on animations and thinking highly of them. The State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television of the People s Republic of China has set several policies about animation to support the development of animation industry, especially for China-made animations. According to the previous studies, a lot of the settings of media have gender stereotype and gender prejudice. So it is important to see if there are gender equalities in children s animation.According to analysis the previous documents, the studies about the gender role is mostly about the adult s gender development and the current situations of gender role development. There is a little study for children s gender role and most of them are about the analysis of current situation for the gender role development and in the psychological area. There are very few studies about the children s gender role development in media area. As we all know, the period of children is the formation time of gender role and has a great influence on gender role development. The development of children is not mature enough and they are good at imitation. It makes media has a great influence on children s gender role development. So this study will analyze the features of animation character s gender role, seek for the gender consciousness of the animation designers and pursue the influence of the gender role development.This paper has two parts of studies. One is to choose several children as the interviewees at first. According to the interview, we need to choose the most favorite animations for children, to know the reasons why they like them, and to choose the main characters of the animations. The second part of the study is analyzing their gender role, and seeking the current situations of the gender role settings. Last but not the least, according to the studies above, we will pursue the hidden value and gender consciousness for the animation designers, and give some suggestions, to reduce the unscientific orientations as gender bias and gender stereotype for the animation character settings.According to the first part of the study, the most favorite animations are similar. The setting of the animation characters is the very important reason for children to like the animation. According to the second part of the study, in the settings of the animation characters, the male roles are higher than female not only in the number but also in quality. The role of female is mostly supporting part and they look all the same beautiful, which makes there are a lot similar settings and not as good as the male roles. It is not richness and profound.According to the studies, when the animation designers are setting the animation characters, they put several gender stereotype and gender bias in. When children are looking at the animations, they are under the influence of the unscientific gender consciousness, which have a bad influence on their gender role development and gender consciousness construction. So the designers of the animation must have the scientific gender consciousness. And when they are design the animation characters, they should guide the children with the scientific gender role consciousness. This need not only meets the children needs and create the characters that children like, but also increase the diversity and richness of gender role, to promote the cognitive development for different kinds of gender role.

【关键词】 幼儿动画动画人物性别角色
【Key words】 children animationanimation charactergender role

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 西南大学
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