【作者基本信息】 西南大学， 基础教育学， 2017， 硕士
【Abstract】 With the development of modernization and education informatization,the development and utilization of digital instructional resources have been paid much attention.In order to promote its development,Countries constantly promulgated education informatization relatedn policies,especially in the last few years.The development and utilization of digital instructional resources is not only the performance of education modernization and informatization, but also the proper meaning of the further development of national education. The development of rural education determines the quality and speed of our country’s education career.However, there are a lot of resistances in limiting its development and utilization effectively in the process of development and utilization of the digital teaching resources of the rural middle school.First of all, there still exist a huge gap between the rural and city schools’ digital information infrastructure.Secondly, the level of the rural teachers’ information technology is limited. Thirdly, the school digital teaching resources management lack of standardization and normalization; finally, the abroad resources introduced cannot fit well. Based on this, I choose rural middle school to do the research.The article is divided into seven parts:Part I: introduction.Introduction part introduces the background and the reason of the problem,review of the existing literature,ideas and methods in this study, and the emphases,difficulties and innovation points in also introduced.Part II: The explanation of digital instruction resources of middle school of in rural area. Based on the description of conception of teaching resources,I think that digital teaching resources is made through digital processing,a kind of material which support teaching activities run smoothly or efficient,such as multimedia, multimedia courseware, database, electronic texts, pictures, audio, video and so on.Part III: The investigation of digital teaching resources development and utilization of rural middle school. This part introduces the main problems in the development and utilization of the digital teaching resources in rural areas such as the research design, research results and analysis. The overall results of the survey reveals that there is a close relationship among the development and utilization of digital instructional resources and teachers’ teaching experience, teachers’ information ability, teachers’ university major. The overall level of the development of the digital teaching resources in rural areas is still not enough.Part IV:The problems of digital teaching resources development and utilization of rural middle school. There are many problems in the development and utilization of digital instructional resources.Firstly,there are limitations of the development of digital teaching resources, mainly among the teachers’ professional, regional and teacher level. Secondly,the ability to use the digital teaching resources of rural middle school teachers should be improved, including teachers’ own ability and the level of teachers’ processing equipment. Thirdly,the searching rate of digital teaching resources of rural middle school is not high and teachers choose it blindly which mainly related to the developers blindly follow the trend, disregard for the school practice, on the other hand relates to blindly choose the teaching of digital teaching resources. Fourthly,there is a whole waste of digital teaching resources in the rural secondary school,mainly embodied in equipment unused, supporting resources and school teaching materials do not match, the data update slower and less local resources, production of rough and so on.Part V: The theoretical basis of the Rural Middle School of digital teaching resources development. This research choice theory of planned behavior and education communication theory as the theoretical basis. The theory of planned behavior including subjective norms, behavior and attitude and perceived behavioral control three aspects. Education communication theory to Lasswell’s "5W" communication theory, Schramm’s two-way communication theory and Berlo’s "SMCR" communication theory "as the representative.Part VI: Development and utilization strategy of digital teaching resources of rural high school.Based on the research results and theoretical basis, the corresponding problem solving strategy is put forward. Development strategy mainly includes two aspects.Firstly,improving the structure of the network level of rural middle schools.Secondly,strengthening the management of digital instructional resources and improving the efficiency of resources repetition.Utilization strategy mainly includes two aspects. Firstly,Strengthening the training of information technology and improving the utilization of teaching resources.Secondly,building awareness of digital resources and paying more attention to the digitalization of local resources.Part VII: summary. This part is mainly to summarize the development and use of digital teaching resource,and points out that the ultimate goal of education is to educate people.Educational goals can be achieved through the activities of teaching. Digital instructional resource is the bridge between education teaching activities and educational targets, which determines the quality of the education effect to a large extent.
【Key words】 rural middle schools； digital instructional resource； rural teachers； development and utilization；
- 【网络出版投稿人】 西南大学