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词族法在中学文言实词教学中的应用

【作者】 陈雅敏

【导师】 王立民;

【作者基本信息】 东北师范大学, 学科教学(语文), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 文言实词教学是文言文教学中至关重要的一环。因此,针对文言实词教学的相关研究是值得关注的。然而,就目前的文言文教学来说,教学效果并不理想,教学效率也不高,重复教学现象严重。鉴于此,本文试图将词族法引进文言实词教学之中,力求提高文言文教学效率,使文言文教学收到良好的效果。词族法是根据词汇本身的条理性、规律性等特点,寻求相互关联的词语之间的家族词的方法。这种方法与我们教学中常提的系统教学有相似之处,因此将词族法引进教学,特别是引入中学实词教学中,是十分可行且有必要的。本文主要从四个部分来阐释词族法在文言实词教学中的应用这一课题。第一部分:文言实词教学的地位与现状;第二部分:词族法及其在文言实词教学中的应用价值;第三部分:词族法在文言实词教学中的具体运用;第四部分:关于词族法在中学语文教学中的构想。其中以中学文言实词教学中常见的一百二十个文言实词为研究对象,寻求它们所属的词族这一部分,作为文章论述的重要一环。

【Abstract】 For Classical Chinese teaching, Content Words teaching is quite important part. Therefore, the relevant research on classical notional teaching is noteworthy. However, For current Classical Chinese teaching,the teaching effect is not ideal, teaching efficiency is not high, the phenomenon of repeated teaching is serious. Taking this into consideration, This paper attempts to try new teaching methods ——“word families law” in Content Words teaching, and strive to improve the efficiency of classical Chinese teaching, so that classical Chinese teaching received good results."Word Family Law" is a method, which is based on its own characteristics ——structured vocabulary, regular, to seek the same family words between interconnected words. This approach, which often mentioned in our teaching,is similar with system teaching. so introducing word family method to teaching,especially to the middle school Content Words teaching, it is very feasible and necessary.This paper is divided into four parts, namely: classical Content Words position and status of teaching, word families teaching method and word family Content Words value of the classical teaching, word families teaching method specifically use the word in classical Content Words teaching, about conception of the word family method applied to language teaching in secondary schools, which to illustrate the application of this method in the study of classical Chinese word family Content Words. One hundred twenty Content Words that often used in middle school Classical Chinese teaching, which will be the object of the study in this article.

【关键词】 词族文言文实词教学
【Key words】 Word FamiliesClassical ChineseContent WordsTeaching

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 东北师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.3
  • 【下载频次】56
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