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人教版中学语文教材中服饰名物集释

【作者】 胡宇阳

【导师】 王立民;

【作者基本信息】 东北师范大学, 学科教学(语文), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 《论语·阳货》中孔子曰“小子何莫学夫诗?诗可以兴,可以观,可以群,可以怨。迩之事父,远之事君,多识于鸟兽草木之名”,这是在教导学生要多掌握一些名物知识,以此来促进学习,加深文化底蕴。名物是我国古代文化的精粹,与我们的生活密切相关,学生通过名物知识的学习,可以了解名物的来源、发展等以开拓自己的视野,萃取中华文化的精华。同时,名物所涉及的物品还会被附加上等级制度、精神气质等,学生对这方面的了解可以有助于古文的学习。学习名物知识,学生所接触的第一手资料就是书下的注释,书下注释的详尽、好坏直接影响着学生对于名物的掌握和理解情况。经过本人的统计,发现在人教版义务教育课程标准实验教科书和人教版普通高中课程标准实验教科书的古文中,名物词占有非常大的比例,名物词的注释也占有很大的比例。但是,纵观学术界的研究现状,发现目前有关书下注释研究的论文有许多,但针对于书下名物注释的研究则寥寥无几。同时,人教版中学语文教材书下的注释也存在着一些问题,如:有些名物词当注未注,有的注释不详,没有体现出这个名物的渊源由来、性能特征,没有穿插一些实物图片给学生以直观感受等等。针对这些存在的问题,笔者想从这一人们未给予太多关注的领域入手,进行细致的研究。本文先简述一下名物教学的重要意义,以期得到学术界更多的关注。然后从名物注释的角度入手,首先做一个系统的搜集整理工作。而后通过翻阅古籍、引证名家研究等方法,对中学语文教材中的名物词加以集释。由于时间有限,笔者仅选择服饰类名物进行研究,今后还会陆续对其它类别的名物词进行集释。期望本人的一些拙见能给中学语文教材中名物词的注释工作提供一些参考价值。

【Abstract】 "The Analects·YangHuo" Confucius said, " My children, why do you not study the Book of Poetry? The Odes serve to stimulate the mind, they may be used for purposes of self-contemplation,teach the art of sociability,show how to regulate feelings of resentment. From them you learn the more immediate duty of serving one’s father, and the remoter one of serving one’s prince. From them we become largely acquainted with the names of birds, beasts, and plants." This is to teach students to grasp more Material Culture in order to promote learning, deepen cultural heritage. Material Culture is the essence of China’s ancient culture, closely related to our lives, through the learning Material Culture, students can learn the source and the development of its to expand their horizons and absorb the essence of Chinese culture. Meanwhile, items that the Material Culture also is attached the hierarchy、ethos and from understanding this aspect can help students study the classical literature.Learning Material Culture, the students contact the first hand date is under the book notes, what the book notes’ detailed、good or bad will directly affect the students to master and understand the things. After my statistics, I found that the classical Chinese literature of the middle school compulsory curriculum standard textbook and high school curriculum standard textbook, its annotations also account for a large proportion. However, throughout the academic research situation I found that there are so many research papers about the notes under the book, but for in the study of the Material Culture notes under the book are few. Meanwhile, the annotation of the middle school Chinese teaching materials also have some questions, such as: some substantives when the note not note, some annotations are unknown, its not reflected this Material Culture’s origin、performance characteristics and not insert some physical pictures for students with intuitive feel. For these problems, author wants to start from the field that people did not give too much attention and have a detailed study.In this article, I will sketch the significance of the Material Culture of teaching, in order to get more attention from academia. And then, from the perspective of the notes of the Material Culture, firstly, do a system of collection work, secondly, by read the classics、citation of famous research, and give a centralized explanation for the substantives of the middle school textbook. Because of the limited time, author just choice the kind of clothing on Material Culture to research, and I will give a centralized explanation for other types of substantives in the future. I hope that my humble opinions will provide some reference value for the notes workflow of the substantives of the middle school Chinese teaching materials.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 东北师范大学
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