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高中语文教材中的古名物词教学探究 ——以人教版必修教材为例

【作者】 徐迎

【导师】 王立民;

【作者基本信息】 东北师范大学, 学科教学(语文)(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【副题名】以人教版必修教材为例

【摘要】 在高中的语文教学中,文言文教学一直担当很沉重的历史重任。语文教育是文化的教育,古文教育是否有效,直接影响着我国悠久的古代文化能否得到良好的传承与发扬。与此同时,古诗词的学习还能够提升学生的文学素养、培养学生高尚的情操。因此,文言文的教学在语文课程中占领着不可或缺的地位。当然,学习文言文就是在学习我国的古代文化。在古代文化中,古名物又是非常重要的组成部分。如果说古代文化是一片浩瀚的海洋,那么古名物词就像那海中的水滴,它沉浸在古代文化的每一个角落,蕴含在古代生活的点点滴滴之中。因此想要了解古代文化,古名物词时一个非常好的切入点。从古名物词入手,学生不光可以领略古今不同的时代特点、地域风俗、人物感情等文化常识,还能够从知识的角度提升文言文阅读理解能力,进而增强自身的文字功底。还有一些悟性好的学生更是可以将文史哲的相关知识有机的结合起来,做到融会贯通,将高中课程学得扎实学得透彻。然而,如此值得我们重视的古名物词的教学工作,却一直没有被良好的落实,在许多学校都存在各种各样的问题。有的教师觉得这些内容与文言文的学习关系不大,考试不考所以不学不教;也有些教师拿着教参敷衍了事,使得学生对课文的释义并不满意,对于文章要表达的意思一头雾水,似懂非懂。这样的做法严重的违背了语文课程是工具性与人文性的统一的原则。这样的问题从微观上看首先会使学生在做练习时遇到障碍,其次影响了学生了解古代文化,错过了一个良好的接触历史文化的机会,从宏观上看会阻碍我国五千年来悠久文明的继承与发扬。因此,在高中文言文教学中加入一些与古名物词相关的知识很有必要。针对上述问题,本文将采用文献阅读法和统计分析法等研究方法,对高中文言文教学中的古名物词的知识进行系统的总结,并且提出了解决这一问题相应的教学策略,希望能够有助于高中语文课程更好的进行。

【Abstract】 In language teaching of the high school, the classical teaching has been playing a very heavy historical responsibility. Language education is a cultural education, classical education is valid, a direct impact on our ability to get a long ancient cultural heritage and promote the good. At the same time, the study of ancient poetry can also enhance students’ literary accomplishment, noble sentiment. Therefore, the classical teaching occupation indispensable role in language courses.Of course, Learning classical is the learning of classical Chinese ancient culture. In ancient cultures, the ancient name thing is a very important part. If we say that the ancient culture is a vast ocean, then the ancient name of substance word like that sea water droplets, it is steeped in ancient culture in every corner, contains bits and pieces of life in ancient times among. So we want to know the ancient culture, the ancient name of substance word can be seen a very good starting point. Starting from the ancient name of substance word, students can not only enjoy the different characteristics of the times of ancient and modern, regional customs, and other cultural figures emotional knowledge, but also to enhance reading comprehension from the perspective of classical knowledge, and thus enhance their writing skills. Some savvy students is a good knowledge of history and philosophy can be combined organic, to achieve mastery, will have a solid high school courses to learn thoroughly.However, this is worth our attention teaching the word of the ancient name of substance, but it has not been well implemented in many schools there are a variety of problems. Some teachers feel that the relationship is not content with classical learning, the examination does not test so do not learn to teach; also took some teachers teaching reference perfunctory, it allows students to text translation and satisfied, to express the meaning of the article confused, half-comprehended. This approach seriously violated the principle of unity of language courses is instrumental and humanity. This problem from the microscopic point of view the first students will encounter obstacles when doing exercises, followed by the impact of the students’ understanding of ancient cultures, missed a good opportunity to touch history and culture, from a macro point of view of China’s five thousand years will hinder inherit and carry forward the long history of civilization. Therefore, adding some words with the ancient name of substance-related knowledge in high school teaching classical necessary.In response to the problems above,we will read literature and statistical analysis and other research methods, knowledge of the content of high school teaching classical ancient name of substance word summarizes the system, and proposed to solve this problem the appropriate teaching strategies, hope can contribute to a better high school language courses conducted.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 东北师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.3
  • 【下载频次】65
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