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基于三维目标的高中思想政治教科书插图应用探究

【作者】 彭丽琼

【导师】 许瑞芳;

【作者基本信息】 华东师范大学, 教育硕士(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 高中课程的设置和开展有其预达目标,而有效开发和利用课程资源是达成课程教育教学目标的重要手段。教师可获取和选择的课程资源来源广泛、形式多样,其中教科书便是课程资源的重要来源之一。从教科书中寻找、开发并利用课程资源具有重要意义:既有利于打造高效课堂,达成教育教学目标,又能推进新课改继续深化。我国现行的高中政治教科书有众多版本,最为常用的是人民教育出版社出版的教科书,该教科书由正文、辅助文和插图构成,而插图因其数量众多、形式多样、内涵丰富、形象生动、润物无声的特点,在达成三维目标的过程中发挥着重要的作用。探究高中政治课教科书中插图的设计,挖掘其功能和价值,分析其与三维目标的关系,并探寻使用插图达成三维目标的手段和机制对实现高中政治课的三维目标大有裨益,是一个具有理论价值和实际意义的研究课题。立足于三维目标,论文对高中政治教科书的插图应用进行了探究。首先,重点分析了进行本专题研究的原因:根据师生访谈得到当今插图教学中面临的一些问题,对这些问题进行展开探讨。其次,论文综述了中外学者对插图使用的研究,发现以往对该问题的研究更侧重在插图的功能和作用,对插图教学的研究较为宽泛,未进行针对性强、系统化的研究。这为本文的研究提供了思路并拓展了深度。再次,在梳理了教育目标分类学、教材心理化及认知同化理论的基础上,搭建起细化三维目标和使用插图进行教学的理论框架。在深入的阐述论证中,论文着重探索了高中政治教科书插图的设计,分析了插图的构成、特点、功能,并进一步说明了教科书插图与政治课三维目标的关系。结合教育教学实践,剖析了高中政治课教科书插图运用中存在问题的原因,并结合第三章的理论框架,以实例详细论述了如何运用高中政治教科书插图达成三维目标,提出了一些行之有效的方法。最后,笔者结合实际教学进行反思,指出了教科书插图运用应遵循的原则,并提出了几点建议以改进教科书插图的设计。本文的创新之处主要体现在论述了教科书插图与三维目标的关系,并在第五章分析了如何运用高中政治教科书以达成三维目标。在插图运用以达成知识与技能目标中,阐释了以插图运用来诠释学科知识;在插图运用以达成过程、方法与能力目标中,分别阐明了以插图贯穿政治课的教学全过程,拓展学科学习方法,凸显学科能力;在插图运用以达成情感态度价值观目标中,分别探索了使用插图以引导学生情感、培养学科态度和树立正确价值观。

【Abstract】 The high school curriculum is set up and its intended target is carried out. Developing and using the curriculum resources effectively are important means to achieve the education and teaching objectives. The curriculum resources which teachers can obtain and choose are extensive and diverse. The textbook is one of the important curriculum resources. It is of great significance to find, develop and use curriculum resources from the textbook. It can not only create an efficient classroom and achieve the goal of teaching and education, but it also can promote the new curriculum reform to be more deepen. There are many versions of China’s current high school politics textbooks. The most commonly used textbooks that consist of the texts, auxiliary texts and illustrations are published by the people’s Education Press. Illustrations play important roles in the process of reaching 3-D objectives because of its large quantities, diverse forms, rich contents, vivid images and profound influence on students’ characters. It’s of great advantages to achieve the 3-D Objectives of Ideological and Political discipline to explore the design, functions and values of the illustrations in textbooks, to analyze the relationship between illustrations and the 3-D objectives,and to search for the means and systems to make full use of them. It is a research with theoretical values and practical significance. Based on 3-D Objectives, the paper discusses the application of the illustrations in textbooks in Senior Ideological and Political Course. The main contents of this paper include the following aspects.First, the paper focuses on analyzing the researching reasons. According to the interview of teachers and students, some problems existed in Illustration-Teaching are analyzed. Secondly, the paper reviews the researches on the use of illustrations by Chinese and foreign scholars, finding that researches of illustrations in the past are more emphasized on the function of illustration and researches of Illustration-Teaching are too broad, which are lack of pertinence and systematicness. This provides ideas for the research of this paper and extends the depth. Thirdly, based on Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Dewey’s Teaching Material Psychologization and Ausubel’s Assimilation Theory of Cognitive Learning, a theoretical framework for decomposing the 3-D Objectives in detail and Illustration-Teaching is set up. With elaborating and demonstrating in depth, the paper explores the design of the illustrations in textbooks from the composition, characteristics and functions, and analyzes the relationships between the illustrations and the three-dimensional objectives. Also, this paper analyzes the reasons of the problems existing in the application of the illustrations in textbooks in Senior Ideological and Political course, and combines with the theoretical framework in the third chapter, many examples are used to analyze the ways to achieve the three-dimensional objectives by using illustrations in textbooks. Some effective methods are put forward. Finally, the paper makes a reflection on the practical teaching, points out the principles that should be followed when using illustrations to teach and learn, and puts forward some suggestions to improve the design of textbook illustrations.The innovation of this paper is mainly reflected in discussing the relationship between illustrations in textbooks and 3-D objective and explicating the countermeasures to achieve the three-dimensional objectives by using the illustrations in textbooks of Senior Ideological and Political course in detail. Considering the curriculum objectives of knowledge and skills, teachers and students can use illustrations to explain the knowledge of the course. To realize the curriculum objectives of process, methods and abilities, teachers and students can use illustrations throughout the whole course, expand learning methods and highlight abilities of the Ideological and Political course. Considering the curriculum objectives of emotion, the author explores the ways to guide the students’ emotions, cultivate the attitude of the discipline and establish the correct values by using illustrations in textbooks.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华东师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.2
  • 【下载频次】176
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