中国基础教育博硕士论文库

节点文献

基于CYPT(IYPT)的学生物理探究能力培养实践研究

【作者】 朴晶华

【导师】 陈刚;

【作者基本信息】 华东师范大学, 教育硕士(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 在传统的高中物理教学中,往往只注重学生“应试能力”的培养,这种教育方式显然已不能适应新时代对于人才的需要。在新一轮教育改革中,“学生学科核心素养的提升”,“学生自主学习能力的形成”,以及其“探究能力的培养”,已经成为高中物理教学中重要的核心内容。因此在我们的高中物理教学过程中,培养学生的科学探究能力不仅仅是出于人类个体本身生存和发展的需求,同时也是社会对于人才大众的需求。利用物理学科活动丰富,可操作性强的特点,在活动中渗透科学研究的方法,培养学生的科学学习态度,产生物理学系兴趣,以课堂—课外整合,特别是课外为主的探究式学习形式为研究对象,研究此类整合性的探究式学习对提高学生解决问题能力的效果。本论文在总结长期培养的经验基础上,总结国内外有关学生探究能力的评价标准,找出现有教育环境下,在高中学生探究能力培养方面存在的问题,借鉴现有的有关科学探究能力培养的教育实践尝试基于一个优秀的竞赛平台(即高中生物理创新竞赛CYPT/IYPT),以课外竞赛为核心,整合课外和课内探究式学习一体的教学模式实施效果研究,并提出适合特定地域和地区的“本地化的”适切的培养方案。本研究从CYPT/IYPT比赛入手,根据比赛规则和内容的设置,来分析高中物理教学应该如何提升学生的探究能力,并根据比赛要求,制定出了基于CYPT/IYPT的学生探究能力的培养目标,并基于一定的原则进行培养方案的设计,详细拟定在培养过程中教师和学生的角色要求,结合(CYPT)评价标准,梳理形成学生探究意识和能力的调查问卷,通过调查显示学生的科学探究能力的现状。在培养期结束时,通过问卷调查实验班的探究意识的变化、通过课程考试成绩评价教学模式对学生知识掌握的影响、通过课外活动中产品的优质性评价教学模式对学生探究能力提升的影响,研究表明课内—课外一体的科学探究教学模式,一定程度上提高了学生解决实际问题的兴趣和能力。

【Abstract】 As is the traditional physics teaching, teachers only focus on students "examination ability" training, which is clearly not able to adapt to the new era of their talent needs. Based on the new educational reform, "the improvement of students ’core literacy", "the formation of students’autonomous learning ability", and "exploratory competence" has become the core of high school physics teaching. Therefore, in our high school physics teaching process, developing students’ scientific inquiry ability is not only for the survival and development of human individual needs, but also for the needs of the public.Physical disciplines and operable features should be full made use of in the activities of the penetration of scientific research methods to develop students’ attitude to scientific learning, the Department of Physics to produce interest in classroom-extra-curricular integration, especially extracurricular research-based learning Form as the research object, to study the effect of this kind of integrated exploratory learning to improve students’ability to solve problems.Based on conclusions of the experience of long-term training, this paper summarizes the evaluation standards of students ’inquiry ability at home and abroad, and finds out the existing problems in senior high school students’ inquiry ability cultivation under the current educational environment, and draws lessons from the existing scientific inquiry ability cultivation.Based on an excellent competition platform (CYPT/IYPT), the author tries to integrate the extracurricular and in-class inquiry-based learning modes into the core of the extracurricular competitions, and puts forward some suggestions for the implementation of the teaching mode, which is suitable for specific regions Of the "localized" appropriate training program.According to the competition rules and contents, this paper analyzes how the physics teaching in senior high schools should enhance students ’inquiry ability. According to the requirements of CYPT/ IYPT, the training objectives of students’(CYPT) evaluation criteria, and formulate the questionnaire of students’ awareness and ability of inquiry. Through the survey, the students’ ability of scientific inquiry is demonstrated. The students’ ability of inquiry is analyzed by the questionnaire. At the end of the training period, the influence of the teaching model on students ’mastery of knowledge is through the change of the inquiry consciousness of the experimental class with the method of questionnaire, the influence of the quality evaluation model of the product on the students’ inquiry ability through extracurricular activities, The research shows that the scientific inquiry teaching mode, which integrates curricular and extracurricular, enhances students’ interest and ability in solving practical problems.

移动知网

全球学术快报

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华东师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.7
  • 【下载频次】205
节点文献中: