中国基础教育博硕士论文库

节点文献

张家川回族自治县高中乡土地理课程开展现状及对策研究

【作者】 马万里

【导师】 薛东前;

【作者基本信息】 陕西师范大学, 教育硕士(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 随着我国教育事业的不断发展,国家课程体系更为细化。乡土地理课程是中学地理课程体系中不可忽视的组成部分,而对于乡土地理课程的研究可以更好的补充和完善国家三级课程体系的建设。张家川回族自治县是一个少数民族人口数量占到近70%的国家级贫困县,经济和教育都属于欠发达地区;所以,张家川县乡土地理课程的开发利用不太理想,本县区到目前为止还没有开发出独立的乡土地理课程及教材。因此,研究张家川回族自治县乡土地理课程开展情况具有现实意义。为此,笔者把张家川回族自治县高中乡土地理课程开展现状及对策研究作为硕士毕业研究课题。运用适当合理的研究方法(如:文献法、问卷调查法、访谈法等),研究分析张家川回族自治县高中阶段的乡土地理教学的现实状况以及实际教育教学中存在的问题,并针对这些问题,提供一些建议和策略。希望能对张家川县乡土地理的教学工作有帮助。本文在熟悉了国家三级课程体系和结合相应教育理论的基础上,把张家川县乡土地理课程的开展情况作为研究对象,来进行探讨乡土地理课程资源的开发利用情况,并得到了以下结论:(1)张家川回族自治县拥有丰富的潜在乡土地理课程资源且利于开发利用。张家川县域独特的地理位置使得其具备了独特的地理特征,而其作为一个回族自治县也具有独特的人文风情。这些都为乡土地理课程开展提供了丰富的素材。再者随着课程改革的推进和人民教育水平的提高,教师、学生、家长和教育行政部门对乡土课程的开展越来越关注。(2)乡土地理课程开发利用上,要以相应的教育理论作为其理论基础,并结合实际教育教学需要,做到与高中地理教学相融合,提高教育教学效率。在实际研究中发现,张家川县教师目前对乡土地理课程资源的开发利用过于浅薄、缺乏必要的加工处理,知识的系统性和科学性不高;同时,对于面临较多问题和困难的现状,教师要加大自身能力的培养,提高研发能力、明确开发的目标和内容,结合多种资源的获取渠道,用多样的方式来呈现开发成果。并且不断的完善其成果,使其更好的为实际教育教学服务。(3)在乡土地理课程开展过程中要改变教师“教”与学生“学”的传统。在倡导素质教育的今天,要注重知识的建构。师生双方要共同建构,突出学生的主体性,并发挥其的主动性,让学生也参与到张家川县乡土地理课程资源的开发利用过程中,使学生对身边熟悉的家乡更多的了解并提高其学习的兴趣。(4)乡土地理课程的开展要符合课程理念,注重对学生能力的培养,要结合教育教学的三维目标。注重对学生各种地理技能的培养和训练,提高学生的地理素养。同时,注重学生“爱家”情感的提升。本研究是笔者通过在张家川回族自治县的地理教学实践经验的基础上,利用对教师和学生进行调查问卷和访谈收集资料,经过认真分析筛选和整合这些信息资料,从而得到研究结论。所以,本研究具有较高的可信度。也希望本研究成果能够对张家川回族自治县乡土地理教育教学尽一点绵薄之力。

【Abstract】 With the development of the education in China, the national curriculum system is more specifically. But as an essential part of the middle school geography curriculum, local geography curriculum can complement and perfect the requirements of three-level curriculum system construction better. In fact, there are some provinces and cities of our country have already developed good and distinctive local geography teaching materials. However, Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County is a national-level poverty-stricken county, there are nearly 70% minorities in this area, and its economy and education belong to under-developed areas. They haven’t developed their own local geography curriculum and teaching materials because of its immature development and utilization of local geography curriculum. Therefore, it has very practical significance for us to study the development and utilization of local geography curriculum resources of Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County. The author chooses the development and utilization of local geography curriculum resources of The Hui nationality Autonomous county as his master’s thesis, using the corresponding research methods to investigate and analysis the present situation in high school stage of Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County and the problems of local geography teaching, and provides some strategies and approaches for the problems. The author hopes it can be helpful for the local geography teaching of Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County.This paper is on the basis of knowing the three curriculum system of our country and combining the corresponding educational theory. It also considers the progress of local geography curriculum in Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County as the research object to discuss the development and utilization of the local geography curriculum, and gets the following conclusions:(1) The Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County has rich potential resources of local geography curriculum and is conducive to the development and utilization. Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County’s unique geographical position makes it have its unique geographical features. These provide a wealth of material for the development of the local geography curriculum. In addition, with the promotion of curriculum reform and the improvement of people’s education level, teachers, students, parents and educational administrative departments are more and more concerned about the development of local courses.(2) In the development and utilization of local geography curriculum, the teachers should consider the corresponding educational theory as its theoretical basis,combine with the actual teaching needs, and mix together it and the high school geography teaching in order to improve the efficiency of teaching. With regard to many problems and difficulties in the current situation, teachers should increase their ability training, improve research capabilities, clear objectives and contents of the development, combine with a variety of resources approaches, and use a variety of ways to present the outcome of the development. And teachers should improve its results constantly, so that it can serve better for the actual education and teaching,too.(3) In the course of local geography curriculum, teachers should change the traditional teaching and students’learning. Nowadays, in the promotion of quality education, teachers should pay attention to the construction of knowledge. Both teachers and students should construct together. At the same time, Let students should participate in the process of local geography curriculum resources development and utilization in Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County in order to make students’know more about their hometown and improve their learning interest.(4) The development of local geography curriculum should conform to the curriculum concept and combine the three-dimensional goal of education and teaching. Meanwhile it should pay much attention to the cultivation and training of students’ various geographical skills and improve the students’ Geography literacy.This research, on the basis of teaching practice experience of geography education in Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County, using the teachers’ and the students’ questionnaire and interview to collect data, after careful analysis of the selection and integration to get the information, has high credibility. The author hopes this research will be helpful for local geography teaching of Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County.

移动知网

全球学术快报

  • 【网络出版投稿人】 陕西师范大学
节点文献中: