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斯金纳强化理论在初中英语词汇教学中的应用

【作者】 赖晓静

【导师】 王绍祥;

【作者基本信息】 福建师范大学, 学科教学(英语)(专业学位), 2017, 硕士

【摘要】 本研究以斯金纳强化理论为理论基础,以文献资料法、数据分析法、逻辑归纳法为研究方法,旨在研究初中英语词汇教学应用问题。研究发现:1)初中生普遍对于英语词汇学习的方法存在认识不足和定位偏差的问题,主要表现为:缺乏学习英语词汇的方法和思路、对于词汇学习的定位和认识存在偏差、不足,这反映了我国初中英语词汇教学的现状和实施情况并不是太好,需要以老师为主导,以学生为主体,采用正确、科学、有效地方法进行词汇教学;2)初中英语教师词汇教学的效果不好,具体表现为:学生对于词汇学习缺乏兴趣、词汇教学的氛围和效果不好、学生在课堂词汇学习的质量和效率比较低、老师不能够根据每个学生的情况进行因人而异式词汇教学,这反映了我国初中英语教师对于词汇教学同样缺乏正确认识和有效方法,没有真正把词汇课堂教学的质量、效率及信息反馈进行有效落实,这需要在今后的词汇教学实践中不断改正和完善;3)斯金纳强化理论在初中英语词汇教学应用中具有积极的意义和促进作用。具体表现为:首先,采用正强化、负强化、惩罚和强化程式相结合的方式来提高初中生词汇学习的质量和效率;其次,采用因人而异式强化教学有利于做到具体问题具体分析,帮助每一个学生找到适合自己的学习方法;最后,注重词汇教学信息反馈有利于帮助学生及时发现词汇学习中的问题,能够做到词汇教学和词汇学习过程中的不断调整。本研究具有完善和丰富初中英语词汇教学的理论意义与提高初中学生英语词汇学习效率和质量的实践价值。

【Abstract】 This thesis, based on the theory of Skinner reinforcement theory, studies junior high school English vocabulary teaching by ways of documentation, data analysis and logical induction. The study found that:1) typical problems among middle school students in terms of English vocabulary learning methods are:insufficient understanding and distraction. The main demonstrations are:lack of knowledge of how to conduct English-vocabulary learning and fail to fully grasp the ways and means of vocabulary learning. It reflects the current status of junior high school English vocabulary teaching and learning. What is needed in the teaching and learning of English vocabulary is as follows:the teacher is the dominant figure while the students should take the initiative. A correct, scientific and effective method in vocabulary teaching and learning is called for; 2) the current English vocabulary teaching in middle schools is far from satisfactory, which is shown as follows:a lack of interest on the part of the students and a positive vocabulary teaching atmosphere, a far from satisfactory teaching result, poor quality classroom vocabulary learning and low efficiency and a lack of individualized approach to learning on the part of the teacher. This also shows that middle school English teachers lack a clear understanding of English vocabulary teaching, the quality and efficiency of its teaching is low and there is much room for improvement in middle school English vocabulary teaching; 3) The application of Skinner’s reinforcement theory in the teaching of middle school English vocabulary will have a meaningful and positive effect. The quality and efficiency of vocabulary learning among junior high school students will be boosted through positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment, continuous reinforcement and intermittent reinforcement; Secondly, the use of customized teaching method will help each student find a learning method that suits him or her best. Feedback on teaching could also help students discover their problems in vocabulary learning and better adjust to the process of vocabulary teaching and learning. Aiming at improving the quality and efficiency junior high school English vocabulary teaching and learning, this study would shed some interesting light on middle school English learning and teaching as a whole.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 福建师范大学
  • 【分类号】G633.41
  • 【下载频次】221
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