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人的城镇化进程中的教育发展问题研究 ——以福建省为例

【作者】 雷培梁

【导师】 李建平;

【作者基本信息】 福建师范大学, 马克思主义基本原理, 2017, 博士

【副题名】以福建省为例

【摘要】 城镇化是全面建成小康社会、实现社会主义现代化和中国梦的必然选择。当前,我国城镇化发展已经进入以质量提升为主的转型发展新阶段。党的十八届三中全会为走中国特色新型城镇化道路指明了方向。《中共中央关于制定国民经济和社会发展第十三个五年规划的建议》进一步明确提出,“推进以人为核心的新型城镇化。”城镇化的核心是人的城镇化,实现人的全面发展是城镇化的根本追求。人的城镇化关键在教育,教育作为城镇化的“绿色引擎”,在人的城镇化过程中发挥着集聚、支撑、塑造、引领及示范等方面作用。人的城镇化进程中的教育发展问题,既是一个教育问题,更是一个事关全局的经济社会发展问题。加快推进城镇化进程中教育发展,实现城乡教育一体化,是深入贯彻落实习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神和“五大发展理念”的具体体现,也是促进“四化”同步发展,全面建成小康社会的迫切要求。本文基于马克思主义关于城乡关系与教育发展的理论基础,遵循“从问题到对策、从理论到实践、从一般到具体,国内与国外相结合、历史与当前相结合、定性与定量相结合”的研究思路,综合运用经济学和其他相关学科的理论,对人的城镇化进程中的教育发展问题进行了较为全面、系统的分析和论证,提出了人的城镇化与教育发展的逻辑关系和理论分析框架。以福建省为个案,综合分析了城镇化的发展历程和现状特点,深入探讨了城镇化不同发展阶段的教育特征与变化趋势。基于福建省8个新型城镇化综合改革试点县市的具体实践,对不同主题下的城镇化发展模式进行较为全面的比较分析,揭示了不同主题下城镇化发展模式的差异性特点、共性特征及对教育的影响和启示。从义务教育、职业教育与培训、社区教育、高等教育四个方面剖析了城镇化进程中的教育发展现状与主要问题,积极借鉴英国、韩国等发达国家和印度等发展中国家城市化进程中教育发展的经验与教训,从教育制度内、外部两个层面,提出了促进福建省城镇化进程中教育发展的路径取向和体制机制改革建议。

【Abstract】 Urbanization is the inevitable choice for China to comprehensively build a moderately prosperous society, complete the socialist modernization cause and make China Dream come true. Now urbanization in China has gone on to the new stage of transformation where quality improvement is the priority. As directed in the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the CPC, China will firmly take the new-type urbanization road with Chinese characteristics. "We will make efforts to deepen people-centered urbanization," which is further pointed out in the Recommendations for the 13th Five-year Plan for Economic and Social Development by Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. Urbanization is centered on people, and its essential pursuit is all-round development of human beings. The key to people-centered urbanization is education which, as the "green engine" of urbanization, plays a role of gathering people, supporting them, modeling their characters, leading them and giving them demonstration during the urbanization progress. Educational development in the people-centered urbanization progress is not only a concern in education, but an economic and social development issue that matters in the large. Speeding up the educational development in the urbanization progress to achieve the integration of urban and rural education embodies the efforts to deeply practice the spirits of the important speeches of General Secretary Xi Jinping and the five development concepts (innovation, harmonization, green, openness and sharing), and meanwhile it is an urgent need to promote synchronous development of industrialization, informatization, urbanization and agricultural modernization, and to comprehensively build a moderately prosperous society.This thesis, theoretically based on the urban-rural relation and educational development of Marxism, is prepared in line with the study designs from findings to solution, theory to practice, generality to concrete, and by combining domestic researches with foreign researches, the past with the present, and the qualitative method with the quantitative method. With an integrated employment of theory in economics and other related disciplines, the author has a relatively comprehensive and systematic analysis and argumentation in regards to educational development in the people-centered urbanization progress, and therefrom generates the logic relation between people-centered urbanization and educational development and the theoretical analytical framework. With a case study of Fujian Province, the thesis shows a comprehensive analysis of the urbanization development history and its current characteristics, and has in-depth exploration on education characteristics and trends at different stages of urbanization. Specifically the author analyzes urbanization development modes under different themes to a relatively comprehensive extent based on the concrete practice of 8 comprehensive reform pilots (county/city) of new-type urbanization in Fujian Province, indicating both different and common characteristics of different urbanization development modes under different themes, and their influence and enlightenment on education. Furthermore, the status quo and main questions of educational development in the urbanization progress are dissected from compulsory education, vocational education and training, community education, and higher education; after that, suggestions on how to promote path orientation and system/mechanism reforms of educational development in Fujian’s urbanization progress are given at both internal and external levels of educational system through actively learning experience and drawing lessons from such developed countries as UK and Korea and developing countries like India about the matter in question.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 福建师范大学
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