【作者基本信息】 福建师范大学， 中国近现代史， 2017， 博士
【Abstract】 The modern education processes in per regional of Zhejiang province were unbalanced in the late of Qing dynasty, such as the numbers of schools and students、 funding、the property of study affairs. So the trend, which the superiority would be stronger and the inferior would be poorer, was obvious. The percentage of the national students occupied by Zhejiang province witnessed the journey which sharply decreased at the beginning and then raised slowly from 1902 to 1909, especially during 1907 to 1909 its ranking merely exceed medium, and the percentage of students allocated by the population was blow the national average level. Faced the "change" difficulty in the tide of abandoning the imperial examinations, Zhejiang province’s modern education processes in the late of Qing dynasty had undergone situation from avocation to stagnation, which caused by the heavy burden of culture and thought. While some have gone before times, other individuals in Zhejiang province were still addicted in the old days and resisted the people who try to wake them up. Zhejiang province in the late of Qing dynasty show the picture that the officers inferior than the gentlemen and the citizens richer than the officials. As a consequence, the modern education processes were dominated by the gentlemen and the citizens. The elementary schools have progressed slowly with non-admission and objection from villagers, and it stopped higher primary school and middle school from developing. The rate of the qualified faculty in Zhejiang province was far blow the national average level. There were some reasons led to the phenomenon:firstly, investing rarely in teacher education was the dominant factor; secondly, the severity unbalanced proportion of teachers and students、schools controlled by the traditional gentlemen and the graduates from teacher college be forced to work in private school after rejecting; thirdly, some graduated from teacher college won’t want to work in small city or remote areas, because they were fascinated with prosperous live in the metropolis. Cases in education and damage schools events were frequently occurred, many factors contributed to these issues:firstly, investing in education was scarcity and relied heavily on the funding from the folk; secondly, it conflicted with the officers^ the traditional gentlemen、the priests and worshippers、others from new government or education fields. Generally speak, the higher、the law and politics、the military and police、the teacher education needed much funding, and the educations which must helped by government’s strength were left behind. The middle schools、the higher and two class elementary schools were advanced, however, the elementary schools were developed with the moderate speed. With the wave of the Qing dynasty collapsed, Zhejiang province just like ship finished the "change" task in the early stage of the Republic of China (1912-1949). Then, the number of students in varieties schools was leap growth, and the Zhejiang province retrieved the status that the traditional culture and education’s powerful.
【Key words】 The Zhejiang province in the late of Qing dynasty； The modern education； The number of students； The qualification of faculty； The funding of education；
- 【网络出版投稿人】 福建师范大学