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初中学业优秀与不良学生成绩预测现状和影响因素及干预研究

【作者】 张裕平

【导师】 沈烈敏;

【作者基本信息】 华东师范大学, 发展与教育心理学, 2018, 硕士

【摘要】 现实生活中,不同个体在活动任务中对其能力表现的预测存在较大差异,准确预测能力表现与错误预测状况并存。近年来,国外研究者对学业优秀与学业不良学生的成绩预测情况较为关注且对其进行相关研究。目前国内学者关于中学生成绩预测现状的研究鲜有涉及,对其影响因素的探讨具有一定的局限性。故本研究采用实验法与问卷法,对初中生成绩预测现状、影响因素及提高成绩预测准确性方面进行了探讨。本研究一通过数学计算任务、体育任务和视觉记忆任务对初中学业优秀与不良学生在学业任务和非学业任务上的成绩预测现状进行测查;研究二采用成熟问卷对影响成绩预测的因素进行了探究,探索元认知意识、成就动机、学业自我效能感和希望观对成绩预测的影响;在研究一研究二基础上,研究三通过加深个体对任务难度和自身能力的认识的研究设计,探讨能否提高其成绩预测的准确性。本研究通过对实验结果、问卷数据的分析,发现:(1)学业优秀和学业不良初中生在任务预测成绩及准确性方面存在差异,较之学业不良学生,学业优秀学生预测更加准确。(2)成绩预测受到个体元认知水平、成就动机、学业自我效能感和希望观的影响。(3)通过加深学业不良学生对任务难度和自身能力的认识,能有效改善成绩预测准确性。

【Abstract】 In our daily life,people differ in predicating their performance,when one is likely to be accurate in predication,and when one is likely to be in error.In recent years,many western researchers are interested in studying the status quo of predicating performance in adolescents with and without learning disability.While at hone,few studies focus on the status quo of predicating performance.Let alone in junior high school students.In addition,the internal factors and its influence on performance predication are still unknown.This research applied experiment and questionnaire method to study the the status quo of performance predication,and its internal affecting factors.An invention study also applied among the adolescents with learning disability.In Study 1,we explored these predictions with three tests.A mathematical computation test has been used to measure their performance predication on academic task and the rope skipping task to measure their performance predication on non-academic task.The visual memory task has been used as an unfamiliar task to test the the status quo of predicating performance on unfamiliar task.In study 2,the questionnaire method has been used to explore the internal factors of performance predication,such as metacognitive awareness,academic self-efficacy,achievement motivation and hope.Based on the findings of study 1 and study 2,an intervention method has been applied to improving the accuracy of performance predication.The main findings of this dissertation are as follows:(1)There were significant differences in the performance predication between the junior high school students with and without learning disability.(2)The individuals’ metacognition,academic self-efficacy,achievement motivation and hope would affect their performance predication.(3)According to improving these individuals with learning disability to know more about the task demand and their capability,they would be more accurately predicate their performance.

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  • 【网络出版投稿人】 华东师范大学
  • 【分类号】B844.2
  • 【下载频次】195
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